ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

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    Autism: Is It An Extreme Form of the “Male Brain”?
    CAO Shuqin; CAO Yanyan
    Advances in Psychological Science    2015, 23 (10): 1775-1788.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01775
    Abstract3058)      PDF (809KB)(110621)      

    In 2002, "Extreme Male Brain Theory of Autism" was proposed by Professor Baron-Cohen at the University of Cambridge. In his theory, autism is thought to be an extreme form of the typical male cognitive style. The female mentality, characterized by empathy, is usually deficient in autism, while male mentality, characterized by systematism, is greatly developed. This theory was established on the basis of the empathizing-systemizing theory, and then developed into the hyper-sensitizing theory. Although facing some challenges, the theory has gained support in many disciplines: psychological, neurological, biological, etc. In particular, a high intrauterine testosterone level was found in the fetus with autism, as demonstrated by digit ratio, handedness, play behavior, parental occupation, as well as islets of ability, etc. This theory provides us with a new perspective for understanding autism.

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    Family Rearing Environment and Children’s Development: The Differential Susceptibility Hypothesis
    MA Yuanyuan; ZHOU Quan; XING Shufen
    Advances in Psychological Science    2015, 23 (11): 1931-1941.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01931
    Abstract1581)      PDF (450KB)(67352)      

    The differential susceptibility hypothesis maintains that children have differential susceptibility to rearing environments’ influence. Some children are not only more vulnerable than others to the negative effects of adversity, but also disproportionately susceptible to the beneficial effects of supportive and enriching rearing environment. Firstly, this article elaborated the basic theoretical persp