ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (7): 828-849.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2022.00828

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

儿童青少年同伴侵害与内化问题的双向关系: 纵向研究的元分析

廖友国1,2, 陈建文2(), 张妍2, 彭聪2   

  1. 1闽江学院教师教育学院, 福州 350108
    2华中科技大学教育科学研究院, 武汉 430074
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-06 发布日期:2022-05-16 出版日期:2022-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈建文
  • 基金资助:

The reciprocal relationship between peer victimization and internalizing problems in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies

LIAO Youguo1,2, CHEN Jianwen2(), ZHANG Yan2, PENG Cong2   

  1. 1School of Teacher Education, Minjiang University, Fuzhou 350108, China
    2Institute of Educational Science, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2021-04-06 Online:2022-05-16 Published:2022-07-25
  • Contact: CHEN Jianwen


本研究采用元分析技术探讨儿童青少年同伴侵害与内化问题的纵向关系, 检验人际风险模型、症状驱动模型与相互作用模型在两者关系中的适用性。共纳入89篇文献, 包含99个独立效应量, 涉及被试70598人。随机效应模型分析结果表明, 同伴侵害可以预测内化问题(β = 0.097, 95% CI [0.083, 0.110]), 内化问题对同伴侵害也存在预测作用(β = 0.119, 95% CI [0.104, 0.135]), 结果支持同伴侵害与内化问题的相互作用模型。同伴侵害对内化问题的预测作用中, 年龄与侵害类型存在调节效应, 测量时间间隔、侵害类型、评定方式与问题类型在内化问题对同伴侵害的预测中起调节作用, 中西文化类型在两者相互预测模型中均不存在调节作用, 各调节因素在同伴侵害及其亚类型外显侵害、关系侵害与内化问题双向关系中的作用基本一致。

关键词: 儿童青少年, 同伴侵害, 内化问题, 纵向研究, 元分析


There is a close relationship between peer victimization and internalizing problems in children and adolescents. According to the interpersonal risk model, negative interpersonal experiences, such as peer victimization, are important stressors, and they leave children with their basic need for belonging unsatisfied and so lead to a series of problem behaviors. The symptom-driven model emphasizes that internalizing problems leaves individuals vulnerable to attack, so internalizing problems are risk factors for predicting peer victimization. The interaction model shows that childhood and adolescence are in high-incidence periods for peer victimization and internalizing problems, and internalizing problems may lead to negative peer reaction (such as peer victimization and peer rejection), which in turn induces more internalizing problems, and vice versa.

Many studies have explored the longitudinal relationship between peer victimization and internalizing problems, but the results have been mixed. This meta-analysis was conducted to explore the strength and moderators of the longitudinal relationship between these two variables. Through literature retrieval, 99 independent effect sizes were selected, covering a total of 70, 598 participants, which met the inclusion criteria for meta-analysis. After coding the data, we analyzed the main effect and moderating effect using Comprehensive Meta-analysis Version 2.0. Heterogeneity testing indicated that the random effects model was suitable for the meta-analysis. Based on the funnel plot and Egger’s test of regression to the intercept, no significant publication bias was found in the included studies.

The main effect test indicated significant prospective pathways from peer victimization to internalizing problems (β = 0.097, 95% CI = [0.083, 0.110]) and from internalizing problems to peer victimization (β = 0.119, 95% CI = [0.104, 0.135]), which suggests that peer victimization and internalizing problems are related in a reciprocal manner. Moderation analysis revealed that the predictive effect of peer victimization on internalizing problems was moderated by age and also by the type of peer victimization. The predictive effect of internalizing problems on peer victimization was moderated by measurement interval, type of peer victimization, method of assessment, and type of internalizing problems. However, whether the participants lived in Chinese or Western cultures did not moderate the relationships observed.

The results supported the interaction model, which suggested that peer victimization and internalizing problems are mutually influencing factors. Future research and intervention program design should look for protective factors outside the individual system to help children and adolescents break the vicious circle between these two variables. Moreover, particular attention should be given to the effects of age, type of peer victimization, assessment method, measurement interval, and type of internalizing problems on the relationship between peer victimization and internalizing problems.

Key words: children and adolescents, peer victimization, internalizing problems, longitudinal study, meta-analysis