ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (11): 1836-1852.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.01836

• 元分析 • 上一篇    下一篇


张亚利1, 李森1, 俞国良2()   

  1. 1中国人民大学教育学院
    2中国人民大学心理研究所, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-10 出版日期:2020-11-15 发布日期:2020-09-23
  • 通讯作者: 俞国良
  • 基金资助:
    * 中国人民大学2019年度拔尖创新人才培育资助计划成果

The relationship between loneliness and mobile phone addiction: A meta-analysis

ZHANG Yali1, LI Sen1, YU Guoliang2()   

  1. 1School of Education, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
    2Institute of Psychology, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2020-02-10 Online:2020-11-15 Published:2020-09-23
  • Contact: YU Guoliang


孤独感与手机成瘾均是当下生活中较为常见的现象, 诸多研究基于不同的理论视角探讨了两者间的内在联系, 但研究结果却存在很大分歧。为明确两者之间的整体关系, 以及产生分歧的原因, 对检索后获得的121项研究(124个效应值)使用随机效应模型进行了元分析。结果发现:孤独感与手机成瘾存在中等程度的正相关(r = 0.25, 95% CI = [0.23, 0.27]); 两者的相关性受被试年龄群体的调节, 成年人群体中的相关系数显著高于青少年群体, 但两者的相关性不受性别、孤独感和手机成瘾测量工具的影响。结果表明孤独感与手机成瘾关系密切, 支持了补偿性网络使用理论和自我调节缺陷模型。未来应加强纵向研究或实验研究进一步揭示孤独感与手机成瘾的作用方向。

关键词: 孤独感, 手机成瘾, 手机依赖, 问题性手机使用, 元分析


Loneliness and mobile phone addiction are common phenomena in our daily life, seriously affecting our physical and mental health. Recently, numerous empirical studies have discussed the relationship between these two constructs based on different theoretical perspectives. However, the reported effect sizes of this relationship based on cross-sectional designs are far from consistent. Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to explore the strength and moderators of the relationship between loneliness and mobile phone addiction. One hundred and thirty-one studies consisting of 134 independent samples involving 73, 543 participants were identified and a random-effects model was selected to conduct this meta-analysis. The results of the funnel plot and Egger’s intercept illustrated no publication bias. Furthermore, the results of the main-effect test indicated that there was a moderate and positive correlation between loneliness and mobile phone addiction (r = 0.25, 95% CI = [0.23, 0.27]). Additionally, the moderation analyses revealed that the strength of the relationship was moderated by the type of participants, but not by gender and measurement tools of loneliness and mobile phone addiction. The results supported the compensatory Internet use theory and the deficient self-regulation model. Longitudinal or experimental studies are needed in the future to further explore the direction of the relationship between loneliness and mobile phone addiction.

Key words: loneliness, mobile phone addiction, mobile phone dependency, problematic mobile phone use, meta-analysis