ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2023, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (12): 1979-1996.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2023.01979

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇


靳娟娟1, 邵蕾2, 黄潇潇2, 张亚利3, 俞国良4()   

  1. 1北京教育学院思想政治教育与德育学院, 北京 100120
    2中国人民大学教育学院, 北京 100872
    3河北师范大学教育学院, 石家庄 050024
    4中国人民大学心理研究所, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2022-03-31 发布日期:2023-10-16 出版日期:2023-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 俞国良, E-mail:

The relationship between social exclusion and aggression: A meta-analysis

JIN Juanjuan1, SHAO Lei2, HUANG Xiaoxiao2, ZHANG Yali3, YU Guoliang4()   

  1. 1College of Ideology, Politics and Moral Education, Beijing Institute of Education, Beijing 100120, China
    2School of Education, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
    3College of Education, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
    4Institute of Psychology, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2022-03-31 Online:2023-10-16 Published:2023-12-25


社会排斥是诱发攻击的重要因素, 诸多研究探讨了两者间的内在联系, 但研究结果存在较大差异。为厘清两者间的关系, 揭示导致研究结果不一致的原因, 使用随机效应模型对纳入的92项研究(99个独立样本, 共65564名被试) 进行了元分析。结果发现: 社会排斥与攻击显著正相关(r = 0.38, 95% CI [0.34, 0.41]); 二者的相关强度受年龄、社会排斥及攻击的测量工具、研究方法、攻击类型(主动性攻击 vs.反应性攻击)和设计类型(横断研究 vs.纵向研究)的调节, 但不受性别和个体主义指数的调节。本结果一定程度上澄清了社会排斥与攻击相关显著与否的争议, 表明受排斥个体的攻击水平通常更高。未来应加强低年龄段群体(幼小阶段), 因社会排斥导致攻击行为增加的预防和控制。

关键词: 社会排斥, 攻击, 攻击行为, 元分析


Numerous studies have discussed the inducing factors of aggression, among which social exclusion has been widely concerned as a strong predictor. However, the studies about the association between social exclusion and aggression have shown mixed results. Theoretically, there are two main arguments about the relationship between social exclusion and aggression. The general aggression model suggests that social exclusion triggers negative emotions, hostile cognition, or a high level of physiological arousal, which leads to aggression.While the emotional numbness hypothesis argued that social exclusion causes individuals to be a state of physiological or emotional numbness, which avoids the occurrence of aggressive behaviour. Empirically, the effect sizes of this relationship reported in the existing literature were far from consistent, with r values ranging from -0.02 to 0.74. Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to clarify the strength of the relationship between social exclusion and aggression and reveal possible moderators.

Through literature retrieval, 92 studies (99 independent effect sizes, a total of 65564 subjects) met the inclusion criteria were selected. A random-effects model was selected to conduct the meta-analysis in Comprehensive Meta-Analysis 3.3 software, aiming at testing our hypotheses. The results of heterogeneity test illustrated that there was significant heterogeneity among 99 independent effects, indicating that the random effect model was suitable for subsequent meta-analysis. Based on the funnel chart and Egger’s regression test of intercept, no significant publication bias was found.

The main effect analysis indicated a significant positive correlation between social exclusion and aggression (r = 0.38, 95% CI [0.34, 0.41]); The moderation analyses revealed that the relationship between social exclusion and aggression was moderated by age, research methods, aggression types (reactive aggression vs. proactive aggression), social exclusion and aggression measurement tools, and research design (cross-sectional study vs. longitudinal study), but not by individualism index and gender.

The results of this meta-analysis can clarify the controversy of the correlation between social exclusion and aggression, indicating that excluded individuals are often accompanied by the increase of aggression level. Future research are encouraged to strengthen the prevention and intervention of aggressive behavior caused by social exclusion among low-age groups, especially preschool children and primary school students.

Key words: social exclusion, aggression, aggressive behavior, meta-analysis