ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 202-217.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2021.00202

• 元分析 • 上一篇    下一篇


叶静, 张戌凡()   

  1. 南京师范大学金陵女子学院, 南京 210097
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-23 出版日期:2021-02-15 发布日期:2020-12-29
  • 通讯作者: 张戌凡
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学青年基金项目“工会实践对员工工作幸福感的影响: 基于工具-情感的双路径研究”(71702077)

Relationship between resilience and well-being in elders: A systematic review and meta-analysis

YE Jing, ZHANG Xufan()   

  1. Ginling College, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China
  • Received:2020-07-23 Online:2021-02-15 Published:2020-12-29
  • Contact: ZHANG Xufan


采用元分析方法探讨老年人心理韧性和幸福感之间的关系, 通过文献检索和筛选, 共有42篇中英文文献, 75个独立样本纳入元分析(N = 12856)。结果显示, 老年人心理韧性和幸福感、生活满意度、积极情感呈显著正相关关系, 与消极情感之间呈显著负相关关系; 两者之间的关系受心理韧性的测量工具、文化背景、文献质量、文献年份、样本量和样本人群年龄的影响。研究结果为心理韧性如何影响老年人幸福感提供了较为精确的估计, 对于提高老年人幸福感进而实现成功老化具有重要意义。

关键词: 老年人, 心理韧性, 幸福感, 元分析


A meta-analysis was conducted to explore the effect of elders’ resilience and well-being. There were 42 documents and 75 independent samples (N = 12856) in total meet the criteria of meta-analysis. Results revealed significant positive relationships between elders’ resilience and their well-being, satisfaction with life, positive emotions, revealed a significant negative relationship between elders’ resilience and negative emotion. In addition, the relationships between resilience, well-being, satisfaction with life, positive emotions and negative emotion was moderated by resilience measurements, cultural background, literature quality, year of the literature, sample size and age of sample. The results provided not only more accurate estimates for predicting elders’ well-being by resilience, but also insights for future research of successful aging.

Key words: elders, resilience, well-being, meta-analysis