ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (4): 355-370.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2022.00355

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

小学儿童数学焦虑的潜在类别转变及其父母教育卷入效应:3年纵向考察

司继伟1(), 郭凯玥1, 赵晓萌1, 张明亮1,2, 李红霞1, 黄碧娟1, 徐艳丽1   

  1. 1山东师范大学心理学院, 济南 250358
    2山东行政学院, 济南 250014
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-14 出版日期:2022-04-25 发布日期:2022-02-21
  • 通讯作者: 司继伟 E-mail:sijiwei1974@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(31971010);教育部人文社会科学规划基金项目(18YJA190014)

Transition of latent classes of children’s mathematics anxiety in primary school and the distinctive effects of parental educational involvement: A three-wave longitudinal study

SI Jiwei1(), GUO Kaiyue1, ZHAO Xiaomeng1, ZHANG Mingliang1,2, LI Hongxia1, HUANG Bijuan1, XU Yanli1   

  1. 1School of Psychology, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250358, China
    2Shandong Administrative Institute, Jinan 250014, China)OR
  • Received:2021-05-14 Online:2022-04-25 Published:2022-02-21
  • Contact: SI Jiwei E-mail:sijiwei1974@126.com

摘要:

研究采用潜在转变分析考察小学儿童数学焦虑的类别转变以及父母教育卷入在小学儿童数学焦虑类别转变中的作用。以1720名三、四年级儿童为被试, 对其数学焦虑和感知到的父母教育卷入进行3次追踪, 每次间隔1年。结果表明:(1)小学儿童数学焦虑存在低数学焦虑组、高数学评估焦虑组和高数学获得焦虑组3种不同类别; (2)随时间的推移, 高数学评估焦虑组倾向于向低数学焦虑组转变, 高数学获得焦虑组倾向于向高数学评估焦虑组转变, 而低数学焦虑组稳定性较强; (3)父亲/母亲教育卷入对儿童数学焦虑类别转变的预测作用, 因不同的数学焦虑类别而异。上述发现为深入理解数学焦虑的形成机制以及干预措施的制定提供了重要参考。

关键词: 小学儿童, 数学焦虑, 父母教育卷入, 潜在转变分析, 纵向研究

Abstract:

Mathematics anxiety is a sense of tense and anxious that an individual feels when solving the problems related to mathematics. This phenomenon has a considerable prevalence among children and youth, even in adults. Currently, most studies regard mathematics anxiety as a single-dimensional structure. However, mathematics anxiety is a multi-dimensional structure. For example, individuals with high mathematics learning anxiety are often associated with low mathematics achievement, while individuals with high mathematics evaluation anxiety do not necessarily lead to low mathematics achievement. And the dynamic developmental bio-psycho-social model holds that the interaction between individual factors and environmental factors makes the development of individuals’ mathematics anxiety heterogeneity. As individual factors and environmental factors are constantly developing and changing, the developmental trajectories of mathematics anxiety are dynamic. However, there were no studies has examined the individual heterogeneity of mathematics anxiety and the development and transitions of it from a longitudinal perspective. Moreover, parental educational involvement as one of important environmental factors might predict the transitions of mathematics anxiety over time. Thus, person-centered approach was used to solve these two problems in this study.
In this study, 1720 students of grade three and grade four in county primary schools were selected as participants. Children's Mathematics Anxiety Scale compiled by Chiu and Henry (1990) and revised by Geng and Chen (2005) and Questionnaire on Parental Involvement Behavior of Primary School Students compiled by Wu, Han, Wei, and Luo (2013) were used to measure children's mathematics anxiety and their perceived parental educational involvement separately three times over three years. Latent profile analysis and latent transition analysis were used to explore the possible subtypes of children's mathematics anxiety and the transitions between different subtypes over three waves in this study. Multiple logistic regressions were used to examine the effect of parental educational involvement in the latent transitions of different mathematics anxiety subtypes.
All data were analyzed by SPSS 22.0 and Mplus 8.0. Some valuable results were obtained as follows. (1)There were three different subgroups of mathematics anxiety in primary school children, including low mathematics anxiety group, high mathematics evaluation anxiety group and high mathematics acquisition anxiety group; (2)As time went by high mathematics evaluation anxiety group tended to change to low mathematics anxiety group, high mathematics acquisition anxiety group tended to change to high mathematics evaluation anxiety group, and low mathematics anxiety group were relatively stable; (3) Positive father involvement could promote the change of children's mathematics anxiety from high mathematics acquisition anxiety group to low mathematics anxiety group, which was mainly in girls. For girls, mother involvement was able to promote the change of their mathematics anxiety from high mathematics evaluation anxiety group to low mathematics anxiety group; however for boys, mother involvement was able to promote the change of their mathematics anxiety from high mathematics evaluation anxiety group to high mathematics acquisition anxiety group. For the low mathematics anxiety group, the positive effect of parental educational involvement was significant.
There was group heterogeneity in mathematics anxiety, and distinct subtypes of individuals may change over time, and parental educational involvement played different roles in different subgroups of children's mathematics anxiety. This study confirmed that the dynamic developmental bio-psycho-social model hypothesized that different individuals were affected by the different interaction of individual factors and environmental factors, and there were heterogeneity and dynamics in the developmental trajectories of individual mathematics anxiety. In view of this, parents or teachers should use different teaching methods for different subtypes of mathematics anxiety in mathematics learning. In addition, future researchers should consider individual heterogeneity of mathematics anxiety.

Key words: primary school children, mathematics anxiety, parental educational involvement, latent transition analysis, longitudinal study

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