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  • Table of Content
       , Volume 13 Issue 01 Previous Issue    Next Issue
    For Selected: View Abstracts Toggle Thumbnails
    The Debate on Perception-Action Double-System Theory of Vision
    Zhang Hang, Fu Xiaolan
    . 2005, 13 (01): 1-9.  
    Abstract   PDF (847KB) ( 2370 )
    Perception-action double-system theory of vision argues that the ventral and dorsal streams are distinct systems whose functions are, separately, representing the world and directing the action, which associates with dissociation in their processing. Views on the relation between the two pathways fall into two classes: traditional views that deny such a perception-action division, and cooperative views that emphasize interaction between the two systems. This article summarizes the key issues, empirical evidences, and contributions of each theory/view, and analyzes the conditions that visual processing takes place in a certain system, then concludes that the relative function division between the two systems leads to variety in visual processing.
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    Relationship between Color Terms and Color Cognition
    Liu Haoming,Zhang Jijia,Liu Lihong
    . 2005, 13 (01): 10-16.  
    Abstract   PDF (829KB) ( 4820 )
    As a special kind, the research on the color term leads to a clearer understanding of the relationship between language and cognition. This article presented a summary of recent research on the nature of color terms and color categories, specially introduced two different theories: color naming universality and linguistic relativity hypothesis. Finally, the future trends and approaches in this field are predicted and new research approaches are provided, including research on association meaning of color terms, color terms and nationality, processing on multiple color terms, synaesthesia, concept structure of color terms.
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    Theories Review on Conceptual Combination
    Liu Ye,Fu Xiaolan
    . 2005, 13 (01): 17-26.  
    Abstract   PDF (869KB) ( 1847 )
    Conceptual combination involves accessing two or more concepts and forms a new concept termed combined concept. Previous research focused on how people understand noun-noun combined concepts and the related factors on interpretation strategy. There are many models, such as Competition Among Relations in Nominals Theory, Dual-Process Theory, and Constraint Theory. These theories explained well specific experimental phenomena, however, they failed to explain some stable phenomena, such as emergent feature and category effect. This article proposes that the future research should integrate all the existent experimental phenomena and theories, focus on the time course of conceptual combination, further investigate the role of context, and systemically study emergent feature and category effect of conceptual combination.
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    Theory Research of Time Perspective
    Lv Houchao, Huang Xiting
    . 2005, 13 (01): 27-32.  
    Abstract   PDF (834KB) ( 2991 )
    This paper outlined and reviewed some theoretical developments of time perspective, and summarized eight viewpoints about time perspective: namely, viewpoints of TP development, gender, performance, life, culture, health, personality, and psychopathology. Moreover, it is emphasized that TP research should focus on discussions of theory construction and causal relationship.
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    Perspective Effect in Expository Text Reading
    Qu Chen, Mo Lei, Tan Shaozhen, Wang Ruiming
    . 2005, 13 (01): 33-38.  
    Abstract   PDF (820KB) ( 1670 )
    Reading perspective in expository text not only results in a selective memory of relevant information, but also influences on-line text processing. Regarding to the question whether encoding relevant information cost extra fixation time, recent researches on on-line text processing by means of eyes tracking technology explored that prior knowledge and working memory capacity are critical factors to perspective effect.
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    On Working Memory in Children with Mathematics Disabilities
    Wang Enguo, Liu Chang
    . 2005, 13 (01): 39-47.  
    Abstract   PDF (843KB) ( 3036 )
    Working memory is defined as memory system that stores and processes a limited amount of information temporarily. Studies on working memory in children with learning disabilities indicated that, children with mathematics disabilities suffer deficits related to the visuospatial sketch and the phonological loop, and the central executive. In other words, working memory deficits are fundamental problems of children and adults with mathematics disabilities. Combining with multi-approaches, future research seems to explore why these working memory deficits result in mathematics disabilities.
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    Progress in Research on Neglect Dyslexia: A Review
    Tan Xiangjie, Guo Xueping, Huang Xianjun, Ma Lifei, Weng Xuchu
    . 2005, 13 (01): 48-52.  
    Abstract   PDF (822KB) ( 1577 )
    This paper begins with an introduction of the concept of neglect dyslexia (ND). Reading impairments in the ND patients are then described. The impairments, with preserved semantic access, include the extinction effect, the lexical effect, the class of word effect, effect of symmetry, and word length effect. While dissociation between neglect and neglect dyslexia has been documented, close relationship between two syndromes is also found. Finally, future studies on ND in Chinese are discussed. It is suggested that one of fundamental questions is to examine to what extent ND in logographic Chinese is comparable to that in alphabetic languages.
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    Advance Researches of Preschoolers’ Naive Theory Development
    Kang Rong, Fang Fuxi
    . 2005, 13 (01): 53-58.  
    Abstract   PDF (824KB) ( 2229 )
    Naive physics, naive biology and naive psychology are suggested to be the core domains of the development of kinderganden’s naive theory. Rearchers, who mean to use theory theory to discribe cognition development, claimed that a body of knowledge must have three properties. First it must specify a set of ontology, second it must use causal principles which is likewise unique to the theory’s domain. Finally, there must comprise a system of interrelated concepts and beliefs. This article introduced recent researches about whether kindergandens can differiciate and limit causal principles of different domains, and suggested some issues that should be solved in the future.
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    Differences Between Aggressive and Prosocial Children’s Social Information-Processing: Comparison, Analysis and research Expectations
    Kou Yu, Tan Chen, Ma Yan
    . 2005, 13 (01): 59-65.  
    Abstract   PDF (829KB) ( 2409 )
    The Social Information Processing (SIP) is different between aggressive children and prosocial children: The aggressive children show hostile attribution bias, and their goal orientation is related to the damage of peer relationship. They evaluate aggressive behavior positively. The prosocial children show kind attribution tendency, and their goal orientation lead to peer relationship enhance. They evaluate prosocial behavior more positively. Further research should split the affection of emotion, personality, age, gender and so on, enlarge research category of the relationship of children’s social adaptation and their SIP, and improve the ecological validity of the research.
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    Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Aggression Behaviors
    Ni Fengkun
    . 2005, 13 (01): 66-71.  
    Abstract   PDF (831KB) ( 3914 )
    The traditional opinion was that low self-esteem easily caused aggression. But they have been suspected recently. Some experiments proved that people with low self-esteem were likely to be bullied; Salmivalli and others thought that some ones with high self-esteem had aggressiveness, but others not; Bushman, Baumeister et al. considered that there was no relation between self-esteem and aggression, except for high correlation of narcissism and aggression. In general , at present, many conclusions all verified threatened egotism and heterogeneity of high self-esteem, although it is difficult to clear the relation between self-esteem and aggression.
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    Type D Personality:An Important Psychological Risk Factor for Cardiovascular Disease
    Yu Xiaonan1,2 Zhang Jianxin1
    . 2005, 13 (01): 72-77.  
    Abstract   PDF (823KB) ( 2490 )
    Type D personality (or distressed personality) refers to the joint tendency of experiencing negativeaffectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI). For patients with established cardiovascular disease, thispsychological risk factor has been associated with their psychological distress, impaired quality of life, reinfarctions, and mortality. This article summarized the research on relationship between type D personality and cardiovascular disease, explored the clinical value for early identifying high risk patients, discussed the potential mechanisms for evidences from neuroendocrine, immunology, and psychology, and evaluated the feasibility of relevant. Psychological intervention.
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    A Review on Research of Social Comparison
    Xing Shufen Yu Guoliang
    . 2005, 13 (01): 78-84.  
    Abstract   PDF (828KB) ( 4772 )
    Social comparison is a common social psychological phenomenon for human being. In western, the studies on social comparison are becoming an important domain for psychologists especially for social psychologists. The article mainly reviewed the studies of social comparison from Festinger in 1954, including the concept、types、motivations and strategies of social comparison. In the end, the author puts forward some perspectives for further studies on social comparison in the future.
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    A Review of Research on Emotional Work
    Sun Juncai, Qiao Jianzhong
    . 2005, 13 (01): 85-90.  
    Abstract   PDF (825KB) ( 2331 )
    Emotional work focuses on the internal regulatory processes in order to express the emotion consisting with the organizational expectation. It is an important factor that influences the level of organizational performance and whether organizational goals can be attained. This article first introduce what is emotion work and it’s characteristics, and on the base of which summarizes the state of emotion work investigation through valence judgments, style of emotional expression, emotion regulation strategies, theory model, and consequences of emotion work.
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    Entrepreneurial Influences and Performance Appraisal
    Han Jianli
    . 2005, 13 (01): 91-96.  
    Abstract   PDF (821KB) ( 2508 )
    Entrepreneurship is divided into personal entrepreneurship and corporate entrepreneurship. The personal entrepreneurship is influenced by personal characteristic, cognitive mode, education and experience. The organizational and strategic variables such as firm strategy, organizational structure, organizational support and environment are more important influences on corporate entrepreneurship. Finally, the article discusses performance appraisal of entrepreneurship and suggests accurate performance measurement is critical to entrepreneurship research.
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    Conjoint Analysis in Consumer Research
    Sun Xiang, Chen Yiwen
    . 2005, 13 (01): 97-106.  
    Abstract   PDF (872KB) ( 7694 )
    The conjoint analysis is a quantificational method of studying the consumers’ preferences. It has been playing a more and more important role on consumer behavior since its origination, and it has been developing rapidly in no more than forty years. This paper firstly introduces the basic concept of conjoint analysis, then focuses on its principle, process and development, and finally makes a brief summary of its future direction.
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    Theoretical Models and Research Methods of Criminal Decision-Making
    Song Shengzun,Fu Xiaolan
    . 2005, 13 (01): 107-118.  
    Abstract   PDF (870KB) ( 3480 )
    Criminal behavior is a result of criminal decision-making. Based on the principles of cognitive psychology, the studies on criminal decision-making aim to explain the decision-making process and the influencing factors. The output of the research can be used as theoretical basis of making criminal justice policies and crime prevention system. There have been three kinds of theories of criminal choice: Crime rational choice models, criminal expected utility model, and the criminal prospect theory model. The research methods include psychophysical method, process tracing, interview, projective testing, and crime statistics, etc. In the future, further study would focus on the rational issue of crime decisions, and strengthen the confirmatory research.
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    Quantitative Analysis on the Journals in Psychology from SCI & SSCI
    Zhu Yinmei, Liu Xia, Miao Li
    . 2005, 13 (01): 119-125.  
    Abstract   PDF (842KB) ( 3644 )
    Based on bibliometric methods, the authors made statistical analysis and contrastive research on the 455 journals in psychology from 2004 SCI/SSCI by means of JCR in order to find their characteristics and existing problems.The most influential 28 kinds of international journals in psychology in 2004 are recommended for Chinese psychological researchers’reference in terms of qualities of publishing and choices of submitting. Discipline orientation of psychology and citation issues of Chinese journals in psychology were also discussed.
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