ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

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    Oxytocin and Human Social Behavior
    LIU Jin-Ting;CAI Qiang;WANG Ruo-Han;WU Yin
    null    2011, 19 (10): 1480-1492.  
    Abstract1083)      PDF (161KB)(2559)      
    Oxytocin is often called the "love hormone" or "cuddle hormone". Recently, interest in human oxytocin has been shifted from studying its role in parturition and lactation to understanding its impact on human social behavior. Research methods include urine, blood and cerebrospinal measurement, nasal spray through nostrils and genotyping. Studies have focused on the impacts of oxytocin on human social behavior, including social relationship, social decision-making, social information processing, social memory and anxiety. Recently, researchers have examined the therapeutic potential of oxytocin in the treatment of psychopathological diseases, including autism spectrum disorder, social anxiety disorder, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and schizophrenia. Further studies should focus on its clinical application, side effect and neural mechanisms.
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    Cited: Baidu(395)
    Analyses of Mediating Effects: The Development of Methods and Models
    WEN Zhonglin;YE Baojuan
    Advances in Psychological Science    2014, 22 (5): 731-745.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00731
    Abstract2805)      PDF (348KB)(19419)      

    Mediation models are frequently used in the research of psychology and other social science disciplines. Mediation indicates that the effect of an independent variable on a dependent variable is transmitted through a third variable, which is called mediator. In most applied research, Baron and Kenny’s (1986) causal steps approach has been used to test mediating effect. In recent years, however, many methodological researchers questioned the rationality of the causal steps approach, and some of them even attempted to stop its use. Firstly, we clarify the queries on the causal steps approach one by one. Secondly, we propose a new procedure to analyze mediating effects. The new procedure is better than any single method that constitutes the procedure in terms of Type I error rate and power. The proposed procedure can be conducted by using observed variables and/or latent variables. Mplus programs are supplied for the procedure with observed variables and/or latent variables. Finally, this article introduces the development of mediation models, such as mediation model of ordinal variables, multilevel mediation, multiple mediation, moderated mediation, and mediated moderation.

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    Review of Foreign Studies on What Causes Job Burnout
    Wang Xiaochun,Gan Yiqun
    null    2003, 11 (05): 567-572.  
    Abstract1283)      PDF (940KB)(3997)      
    In this review, foreign studies of causes of job burnout are reviewed in four parts. In the first part, the paper introduced the concept of job burnout and relevant questionnaires. Then it briefly introduced the development of research in job burnout. The third part reviewed the causes of burnout, which can be classified as work-related or individual factors. And the forth part discussed about some models explaining how burnout take places. Lastly, some summarization and evaluation are made, and prospect is put forward
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    A Review On Implicit Association Test
    Cai Huajian
    null    2003, 11 (03): 339-344.  
    Abstract3130)      PDF (607KB)(5654)      
    Implicit Association Test, developed by A.G. Greenwald in 1998, is a new method to measure implicit attitude. It is based on a kind of computerized discriminating and classifying task. The indicator of IAT is the difference of reaction time between incompatible discrimination and compatible discrimination. IAT measures implicit attitude indirectly by measuring the automatic association between concept words and attributive words. In the paper, the principle of IAT is introduced firstly, then the relative research results of both IAT’s psychometric nature and its application are summarized. At the end of the paper, a review is proposed in the perspective of modern psychological measurement. It is suggested that IAT reflects the latest trend of modern psychological measurement: the combination of experimental method and psychometric method, the combination between trait measurement and process measurement.
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    Cited: Baidu(192)
    Psychological Researches on Internet Addiction
    Chen Xia, Huang Xiting, Bai Gang
    null    2003, 11 (03): 355-359.  
    Abstract3671)      PDF (595KB)(6524)      
    Internet addiction is a type of psychological dependence on internet use, and there are a lot of similarities and differences between it and traditional addictions. So far only a few measurements was developed so well that the reliabilities haven’t ever been criticized by many researchers. In the same time, in most of the cases, the researchers have studied the phenomenon by the only way of survey, while few of them have designed any strict experiments to study it . However some of the researchers have brought about several models to interpret the phenomenon, such as, Young with the ACE Model, Davis with the Cognitive-Behavioral Model and Grohol with the Stage Mode, who have done some good jobs in the exploration of the relationships between internet addiction and the addictive features of internet itself, the personality traits of the internet users and the surroundings around them.
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    Cited: Baidu(143)
    Item Parceling Strategies in Structural Equation Modeling
    Bian Ran;Che Hongsheng;Yang Hui
    null    2007, 15 (03): 567-576.  
    Abstract1710)      PDF (888KB)(3259)      
    Item parceling could be defined as a technique of composing two or more items assessing the same construct to a new manifest indicator. Although item parceling was controversial all the time, it attracted more and more researchers’ attention since this technique had been widely applied in structural equation modeling procedures. The purpose of this article is to discuss some important aspects about the research in this field, especially the rationale, the advantage and disadvantage, and the methods of parceling practice. On this base, we give some advice about how to construct item parcels, including (a) choosing to parcel or not to parcel according to the research goal and situation; (b) ensuring the dimensionality before parceling; and (c) building parcels on certain theories etc. Future research can focus on the impact of various parceling methods on the model fit and estimates, or the application of parceling in advanced SEM procedures and other measurement theories
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    Cited: Baidu(123)
    A Study on Psychopathology and Psychotherapy of Internet Addiction
    Gao Wenbin, Chen Zhiyan
    null    2006, 14 (04): 596-603.  
    Abstract2827)      PDF (499KB)(5461)      
    A study on the internet addiction of Chinese youth by psychological scales, deep interview, brain event-related potentials (ERPs) and heart rate variability (HRV). Focus on the causations, psychopathology, diagnosis methods and psychotherapy of internet addiction. Basing on data from the investigation and experiments, these results and conclusions were received. 1. To classify the internet using problems of Chinese youth from angle of psychological developing and advanced diagnosis methods. 2. To analyze the causations of internet addiction and explain the psychopathological mechanisms by Psychological Decompensation Hypothesis. 3. To explain the brain mechanisms by attention facilitation mechanism. 4. Making the Systemic Compensation Psychotherapy Plan, including group, family, individual and parents psychological intervention. This plan obtained very good effect on the clinical study
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    Cited: Baidu(109)
    A Review on the Researches about Subjective Well-Being of Adolescents
    Ding Xinhua,Wang Jisheng
    null    2004, 12 (01): 59-66.  
    Abstract2993)      PDF (727KB)(6099)      
    Initially this paper presents conceptually exposition about subjective well-being, the components of subjective well-being as well as the measurement scales of subjective well-being. Then the paper introduces the researches about some factors relating to adolescents’ subjective well-being. These factors include demographic level, life events, family, neuroticism and extraversion, self-esteem and locus of control. Finally, the paper puts forward four perspectives for further study on subjective well-being of adolescents.
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    Cited: Baidu(100)
    Searching for a Personality Structure of Chinese: A Theoretical Hypothesis of a Six Factor Model of Personality Traits
    null    2006, 14 (04): 574-585.  
    Abstract1059)      PDF (456KB)(2868)      
    Finding a latent structure for personality traits has been consistently one of the focuses in personality research, while finding empirical evidence of culture-general or culture-specific nature for a personality structure is at present one of the important topics in personality research. Therefore, it can be seen that there have disputation over the number of factors (or dimensions) for such a personality structure, and over the adaptability of a structure from one culture to people of another culture. The present paper summarizes various findings resulted from a series of studies on CPAI (Chinese Personality Assessment Inventory) over the past period of 20 years to put forward a Six Factor Model (SFM). Based on the responses to IR and O factor of SFM from the samples of Chinese and American, the paper therefore suggest that the number of factors and culture-specific nature in any of the existing personality structures be only meaningful in terms of methodology and epistemology adopted by its researchers. The only way to find a personality structure of culture-general or culture-specific is to let personality psychologists of many cultural backgrounds work together equally
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    Cited: Baidu(96)
    Review of Psychological Capital Research
    Zhong Lifeng
    null    2007, 15 (03): 482-487.  
    Abstract2470)      PDF (850KB)(5006)      
    In the context of the profound changes of the condition in and out of corporations, systematical researches of psychological capital are the important means of knowing the characteristics and construct of human resource of organization and establishing relevant management countermeasure. Firstly, the present article reviewed the conceptualization, components of psychological capital. Then summarized the empirical research results of the effects of psychological capital on leader and employee, explained some of the approaches of the development and management of psychological capital, and finally indicated the future research domains and trends of psychological capital
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    Cited: Baidu(88)
    The Sound of Silence: Remaining Silent in Organization
    He Quan,  Ma Jianhong,  Hora H Tjitra
    null    2006, 14 (03): 413-417.  
    Abstract2661)      PDF (749KB)(2501)      
    Despite their knowledge on the problems of the business process in their organization, for some special reasons – in many cases employees just decide to remain silent. Researchers define this phenomenon as organizational silence. In this article, the authors briefly review the definitions, dimensions and assessment of this special organizational behavior from the current research. Organizational silence is a behavior with multiple causes. So from the leadership and organization, fellow, and individual character, the authors expatiate on the factors that influencing the organizational silence. Further the authors discuss the negative consequences of organizational silence, especially for the organization learning process. Finally the importance and the future research of organizational silence are proposed
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    Cited: Baidu(85)
    A Contingent Analysis of Transformational and Transactional Leadership
    Xu Changjiang,Shi Kan
    null    2005, 13 (05): 672-678.  
    Abstract2514)      PDF (642KB)(4838)      
    More and more attention had been paid to transformational leadership and transactional leadership in the existing research. And most researchers suggested that transformational leadership was more effective than transactional leadership. However, the effectiveness of transformational leadership and transactional leadership was influenced by the situational and followers’ variables in the view of contingency theories. This paper tried to analyze the effect of such moderate variables as substitutes for leadership, leader-subordinate relationship and organizational culture on the relationship between leadership and leader’s effectiveness. The trend of future research was also discussed.
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    Cited: Baidu(81)
    Principal Theories, Measurement and Relevant Variables of Organizational Identification
    Wei Jun;Cheng ZhongYuan;Zhang Mian
    null    2007, 15 (06): 948-955.  
    Abstract2179)      PDF (882KB)(1812)      
    Organizational identification (OID) is an individual’s perception of himself deriving from his knowledge of his membership of a particular organization. It differs markedly from other concepts of organization behavior research such as organizational identity (OI) and organizational commitment (OC). This paper reviewed three principal theories of OID: difference theory, resource theory and information theory. It compared their findings and discusses the relationship between them. Furthermore, it focused on introducing ways of measuring OID and on antecedents at the level of both organization and individual, and it investigated the possible consequences of OID for relevant variables such as a “tendency to leave”. Finally the paper pointed to several areas for future research, such as how the definition of OID might be expanded, antecedents and cultural differences
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    Cited: Baidu(77)
    Judgment of Learning and Its Accuracy
    Chen Gongxiang,Fu Xiaolan
    null    2004, 12 (02): 176-184.  
    Abstract1979)      PDF (809KB)(1738)      
    As an important metacognitive judgment, Judgment of learning (JOL) is the prediction about the future performance of learned materials. Its mechanism and accuracy are the key issues in the study of judgment of learning. Researchers have advanced many theories to illuminate these two issues from different perspectives. Koriat’ cue-utilization framework summarized the previous findings and provided a significant advance in understanding how people make judgment of learning. However, Koriat’ framework also faces new challenges. The limitations of the previous studies and the suggestions for future research are also put forward.
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    Cited: Baidu(67)
    Organizational Citizenship Behavior Researches in the Context of Chinese Organizations

    Xu Duo;Zhang Xiaolin

    null    2007, 15 (03): 505-510.  
    Abstract2107)      PDF (854KB)(4095)      
    This article reviewed the researches on organizational citizenship behavior in the context of Chinese organizations. It analyzed the contents and structure of Chinese OCB and summarized its characteristics as role-enlargement, stressing on interpersonal relation and individual initiative. Then the article discussed the antecedents and outcomes of OCB from the individual level and organizational level, compared the features of studies on Chinese OCB with that in western setting. Finally, it gave some suggestions on the directions of future research
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    Cited: Baidu(67)
    Common Method Variance Effects and the Models of Statistical Approaches for Controlling It
    XIONG Hong-Xing;ZHANG Jing;YE Bao-Juan;ZHENG Xue;SUN Pei-Zhen
    null    2012, 20 (5): 757-769.  
    Abstract1105)      PDF (532KB)(3990)      
    Common Method Variance (CMV) refers to the overlap in variance between two variables because of the type of measurement instrument used rather than representing a true relationship between the underlying constructs. Researchers should give careful consideration to CMV although it may not surely bias the conclusions about the relationships between measures. CMV effect is often created by using the same method — especially a survey — to measure each variable. Procedural design and statistical control solutions are provided to minimize its likelihood in studies. A statistical control technique is a good solution if it can separate construct varience, method varience and error, and distinguish method bias at the item level from method bias at the construct level, and takes account of Method×Trait interactions. Thus, method-factor approaches are better than partial correlation approaches. It’s very important to understand the model of every method-factor approache for selecting statistical remedies correctly for different types of research settings. Etimating evaluate the effect of CMV within specific research domains and the effect of CMV on empirical findings within a theoretical domain should be concerned for further research.
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    Cited: Baidu(65)
    Content, Dimension, and Type of Psychological Contract
    Chen Jiazhou,Ling Wenquan,Fang Liluo
    null    2003, 11 (04): 437-445.  
    Abstract2530)      PDF (815KB)(4349)      
    Market economy is essentially contractual economy. Contract is the foundation maintaining organization, and at its initial levels contract is the unique coordination of believes held by individuals and organization, which is called psychological contract. With the transformation of economic pattern and globalization of world economy, the psychological contract in employment relationship has changed extremely. The present article first analyzed the content, dimension, and type of psychological contract in western empirical researches, then introduced the period characteristics, finally indicated the limitation in western researches and the implications of psychological contract research for human resource management in Chinese enterprises.
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    Cited: Baidu(62)
    A Review of Research on the Influencing Factors of Cross-cultural Adaptation
    Chen Hui,Che Hongsheng,Zhu Min
    null    2003, 11 (06): 704-710.  
    Abstract3444)      PDF (482KB)(6677)      
    Cross-cultural contact influences the adaptation of people. Many researchers paid attention to the influencing factors of cross-cultural adaptation. The influencing factors include external and internal factors. The external factors are life change, Social support, sojourning time, cultural distance, prejudice and discrimination. The internal factors are appraisal styles, coping styles, personality, culture knowledge and skills, demographic factors
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    Cited: Baidu(60)
    A Review of Research on the Influencing Factors of Cross-cultural Adaptation
    Chen Honglei, Zhou Fan
    null    2003, 11 (06): 700-703.  
    Abstract1661)      PDF (468KB)(1947)      
    Past view of traditional study of the structure of work values indicated that different results existed. Recent work values researches employ the Facet Theory approach, and they contribute to the integration of the various previous studies. The application of Facet Theory and SSA, integration of the basic values and work values studies, culture-based values studies represent the future trend of the work values structure research
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    Cited: Baidu(60)
    Review of Eye-movement Measures in Reading Research
    YAN Guoli;XIONG Jianping;ZANG Chuanli;YU Lili;CUI Lei;BAI Xuejun
    Advances in Psychological Science    2013, 21 (4): 589-605.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.00589
    Abstract1415)      PDF (310KB)(5146)      
    Saccade and fixation are the elementary ocularmotor activities during reading. The eye-movement measures in reading research can be classified into two different categories. One category is temporal dimension measure related to the time course of eye movements and it includes the measures in area of interest of character or word (such as single fixation duration, first fixation duration, second fixation duration, gaze duration, regression time and total fixation duration and so on.) and the measures in area of interest of phrase or sentence (such as first-pass reading time, forward reading time, second-pass reading time, regression path reading time, re-reading time and so on.). The other category is spatial dimension measure related to the location of eye movement and it includes saccade amplitude, landing position, number of fixations, skipping rate, refixation rate and regression count. Finally, when using the eye movement measures we should pay attention to the classification of oculomotor measures, the cutoff criterion of raw data, the psychological interpretation of the measures and so on.
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    Cited: Baidu(60)