ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

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    Statistical Remedies for Common Method Biases
    Zhou Hao,Long Lirong
    null    2004, 12 (6): 942-942~950.  
    Abstract5374)      PDF (723KB)(10301)      
    The problem of common method biases has being given more and more attention in the field of psychology, but there is little research about it in China, and the effects of common method bias are not well controlled. Generally, there are two ways of controlling common method biases, procedural remedies and statistical remedies. In this paper, statistical remedies for common method biases are provided, such as factor analysis, partial correlation, latent method factor, structural equation model, and their advantages and disadvantages are analyzed separately. Finally, suggestions of how to choose these remedies are given.
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    Cited: Baidu(526)
    Oxytocin and Human Social Behavior
    LIU Jin-Ting;CAI Qiang;WANG Ruo-Han;WU Yin
    null    2011, 19 (10): 1480-1492.  
    Abstract1146)      PDF (161KB)(2723)      
    Oxytocin is often called the "love hormone" or "cuddle hormone". Recently, interest in human oxytocin has been shifted from studying its role in parturition and lactation to understanding its impact on human social behavior. Research methods include urine, blood and cerebrospinal measurement, nasal spray through nostrils and genotyping. Studies have focused on the impacts of oxytocin on human social behavior, including social relationship, social decision-making, social information processing, social memory and anxiety. Recently, researchers have examined the therapeutic potential of oxytocin in the treatment of psychopathological diseases, including autism spectrum disorder, social anxiety disorder, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and schizophrenia. Further studies should focus on its clinical application, side effect and neural mechanisms.
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    Cited: Baidu(389)
    Analyses of Mediating Effects: The Development of Methods and Models
    WEN Zhonglin;YE Baojuan
    Advances in Psychological Science    2014, 22 (5): 731-745.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00731
    Abstract3315)      PDF (348KB)(22947)      

    Mediation models are frequently used in the research of psychology and other social science disciplines. Mediation indicates that the effect of an independent variable on a dependent variable is transmitted through a third variable, which is called mediator. In most applied research, Baron and Kenny’s (1986) causal steps approach has been used to test mediating effect. In recent years, however, many methodological researchers questioned the rationality of the causal steps approach, and some of them even attempted to stop its use. Firstly, we clarify the queries on the causal steps approach one by one. Secondly, we propose a new procedure to analyze mediating effects. The new procedure is better than any single method that constitutes the procedure in terms of Type I error rate and power. The proposed procedure can be conducted by using observed variables and/or latent variables. Mplus programs are supplied for the procedure with observed variables and/or latent variables. Finally, this article introduces the development of mediation models, such as mediation model of ordinal variables, multilevel mediation, multiple mediation, moderated mediation, and mediated moderation.

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    Cited: Baidu(339)
    A Review of the Theory of Planned Behavior
    Duan Wenting;Jiang Guangrong
    null    2008, 16 (2): 315-320.  
    Abstract3206)      PDF (874KB)(5069)      
    Theory of planned behavior (TPB) is the most famous theory about attitude-behavior in social psychology and has been found to be well supported by empirical evidences. According to TPB, intentions to perform behaviors of different kinds can be predicted with high accuracy from attitudes toward the behavior, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control, account for considerable variance in actual behavior. In this paper, various aspects of TPB were introduced, including its derivation, general picture, measurements, new researches and developments. Other issues that remain unresolved and further studies were discussed in the end
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    Cited: Baidu(338)
    Review of Foreign Studies on What Causes Job Burnout
    Wang Xiaochun,Gan Yiqun
    null    2003, 11 (5): 567-572.  
    Abstract1365)      PDF (940KB)(4307)      
    In this review, foreign studies of causes of job burnout are reviewed in four parts. In the first part, the paper introduced the concept of job burnout and relevant questionnaires. Then it briefly introduced the development of research in job burnout. The third part reviewed the causes of burnout, which can be classified as work-related or individual factors. And the forth part discussed about some models explaining how burnout take places. Lastly, some summarization and evaluation are made, and prospect is put forward
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    Cited: Baidu(212)
    A Review On Implicit Association Test
    Cai Huajian
    null    2003, 11 (3): 339-344.  
    Abstract3204)      PDF (607KB)(6153)      
    Implicit Association Test, developed by A.G. Greenwald in 1998, is a new method to measure implicit attitude. It is based on a kind of computerized discriminating and classifying task. The indicator of IAT is the difference of reaction time between incompatible discrimination and compatible discrimination. IAT measures implicit attitude indirectly by measuring the automatic association between concept words and attributive words. In the paper, the principle of IAT is introduced firstly, then the relative research results of both IAT’s psychometric nature and its application are summarized. At the end of the paper, a review is proposed in the perspective of modern psychological measurement. It is suggested that IAT reflects the latest trend of modern psychological measurement: the combination of experimental method and psychometric method, the combination between trait measurement and process measurement.
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    Cited: Baidu(192)
    Conjoint Analysis in Consumer Research
    Sun Xiang, Chen Yiwen
    null    2005, 13 (1): 97-106.  
    Abstract3624)      PDF (872KB)(8309)      
    The conjoint analysis is a quantificational method of studying the consumers’ preferences. It has been playing a more and more important role on consumer behavior since its origination, and it has been developing rapidly in no more than forty years. This paper firstly introduces the basic concept of conjoint analysis, then focuses on its principle, process and development, and finally makes a brief summary of its future direction.
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    Cited: Baidu(168)
    Embodied Cognition: A New Approach in Cognitive Psychology
    YE Hao-Sheng
    null    2010, 18 (5): 705-710.  
    Abstract3280)      PDF (622KB)(5162)      
    The embodied cognition approach in cognitive psychology is featured as the emphasis it places on the role the body plays in an organism’s cognitive processes. Its central meanings include the following claims: (1) steps in a cognitive process might emerge from the physical attributes of the body; (2) it tries to account for the content of cognition by appeal to the nature of the body; (3) cognitive processes or states might be extended into the environment in which the cognition takes place. At first, the study of embodied cognition is only a kinds of philosophical thinking. But now, It has already extended to the experimental study of cognitive psychology. However, there are still some burning problems before it.
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    Cited: Baidu(152)
    Psychological Researches on Internet Addiction
    Chen Xia, Huang Xiting, Bai Gang
    null    2003, 11 (3): 355-359.  
    Abstract3942)      PDF (595KB)(7149)      
    Internet addiction is a type of psychological dependence on internet use, and there are a lot of similarities and differences between it and traditional addictions. So far only a few measurements was developed so well that the reliabilities haven’t ever been criticized by many researchers. In the same time, in most of the cases, the researchers have studied the phenomenon by the only way of survey, while few of them have designed any strict experiments to study it . However some of the researchers have brought about several models to interpret the phenomenon, such as, Young with the ACE Model, Davis with the Cognitive-Behavioral Model and Grohol with the Stage Mode, who have done some good jobs in the exploration of the relationships between internet addiction and the addictive features of internet itself, the personality traits of the internet users and the surroundings around them.
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    Cited: Baidu(145)
    Risk Communication and Public Rationality
    Xie Xiaofei,Zheng Rui
    null    2003, 11 (4): 375-381.  
    Abstract2101)      PDF (790KB)(2375)      
    The panic induced by the sudden risk events is much more harmful than the risk events themselves. When risk events come, the extent of public rationality is an important foundation to cope with crisis. This article proposes the concept of public rationality, explains definition and its construct, and influence factors. Taking SARS as an example, this article also analysis the nature and characteristics of risk communization, and the possible ways and related conditions for risk communication to influence public rationality. This article provides the theory foundation to make an inclusion on SARS risk crisis, to study the psychological system in coping with risk events in order to promote the research and practice in risk communication field.
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    Cited: Baidu(138)
    Item Parceling Strategies in Structural Equation Modeling
    Bian Ran;Che Hongsheng;Yang Hui
    null    2007, 15 (3): 567-576.  
    Abstract1733)      PDF (888KB)(3395)      
    Item parceling could be defined as a technique of composing two or more items assessing the same construct to a new manifest indicator. Although item parceling was controversial all the time, it attracted more and more researchers’ attention since this technique had been widely applied in structural equation modeling procedures. The purpose of this article is to discuss some important aspects about the research in this field, especially the rationale, the advantage and disadvantage, and the methods of parceling practice. On this base, we give some advice about how to construct item parcels, including (a) choosing to parcel or not to parcel according to the research goal and situation; (b) ensuring the dimensionality before parceling; and (c) building parcels on certain theories etc. Future research can focus on the impact of various parceling methods on the model fit and estimates, or the application of parceling in advanced SEM procedures and other measurement theories
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    Cited: Baidu(124)
    A Review on Research of Social Comparison
    Xing Shufen Yu Guoliang
    null    2005, 13 (1): 78-84.  
    Abstract2704)      PDF (828KB)(5301)      
    Social comparison is a common social psychological phenomenon for human being. In western, the studies on social comparison are becoming an important domain for psychologists especially for social psychologists. The article mainly reviewed the studies of social comparison from Festinger in 1954, including the concept、types、motivations and strategies of social comparison. In the end, the author puts forward some perspectives for further studies on social comparison in the future.
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    Cited: Baidu(113)
    A Study on Psychopathology and Psychotherapy of Internet Addiction
    Gao Wenbin, Chen Zhiyan
    null    2006, 14 (4): 596-603.  
    Abstract2953)      PDF (499KB)(5781)      
    A study on the internet addiction of Chinese youth by psychological scales, deep interview, brain event-related potentials (ERPs) and heart rate variability (HRV). Focus on the causations, psychopathology, diagnosis methods and psychotherapy of internet addiction. Basing on data from the investigation and experiments, these results and conclusions were received. 1. To classify the internet using problems of Chinese youth from angle of psychological developing and advanced diagnosis methods. 2. To analyze the causations of internet addiction and explain the psychopathological mechanisms by Psychological Decompensation Hypothesis. 3. To explain the brain mechanisms by attention facilitation mechanism. 4. Making the Systemic Compensation Psychotherapy Plan, including group, family, individual and parents psychological intervention. This plan obtained very good effect on the clinical study
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    Cited: Baidu(110)
    A Review on the Researches about Subjective Well-Being of Adolescents
    Ding Xinhua,Wang Jisheng
    null    2004, 12 (1): 59-66.  
    Abstract3050)      PDF (727KB)(6476)      
    Initially this paper presents conceptually exposition about subjective well-being, the components of subjective well-being as well as the measurement scales of subjective well-being. Then the paper introduces the researches about some factors relating to adolescents’ subjective well-being. These factors include demographic level, life events, family, neuroticism and extraversion, self-esteem and locus of control. Finally, the paper puts forward four perspectives for further study on subjective well-being of adolescents.
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    Cited: Baidu(100)
    Searching for a Personality Structure of Chinese: A Theoretical Hypothesis of a Six Factor Model of Personality Traits
    null    2006, 14 (4): 574-585.  
    Abstract1100)      PDF (456KB)(3096)      
    Finding a latent structure for personality traits has been consistently one of the focuses in personality research, while finding empirical evidence of culture-general or culture-specific nature for a personality structure is at present one of the important topics in personality research. Therefore, it can be seen that there have disputation over the number of factors (or dimensions) for such a personality structure, and over the adaptability of a structure from one culture to people of another culture. The present paper summarizes various findings resulted from a series of studies on CPAI (Chinese Personality Assessment Inventory) over the past period of 20 years to put forward a Six Factor Model (SFM). Based on the responses to IR and O factor of SFM from the samples of Chinese and American, the paper therefore suggest that the number of factors and culture-specific nature in any of the existing personality structures be only meaningful in terms of methodology and epistemology adopted by its researchers. The only way to find a personality structure of culture-general or culture-specific is to let personality psychologists of many cultural backgrounds work together equally
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    Cited: Baidu(96)
    Review of Psychological Capital Research
    Zhong Lifeng
    null    2007, 15 (3): 482-487.  
    Abstract2543)      PDF (850KB)(5277)      
    In the context of the profound changes of the condition in and out of corporations, systematical researches of psychological capital are the important means of knowing the characteristics and construct of human resource of organization and establishing relevant management countermeasure. Firstly, the present article reviewed the conceptualization, components of psychological capital. Then summarized the empirical research results of the effects of psychological capital on leader and employee, explained some of the approaches of the development and management of psychological capital, and finally indicated the future research domains and trends of psychological capital
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    Cited: Baidu(90)
    Review of Foreign and Domestic Studies on Career Commitment
    Wang Xiaxia;Zhang Jinfu
    null    2007, 15 (3): 488-497.  
    Abstract1432)      PDF (969KB)(2596)      
    First, starting with the difference of occupation and career, we reviewed and anylized the operational definition, the measure instruments, the form processing, the models and cause and effect variables of career commitment. Then the studies also suggested that career commitment had remarkable relations with some important effect variables, such as career satisfaction, job involvement, job performance. In the end, the paper pointed out some problems and future research direction, for example, the definitions of career commitment were too messy, lots of measurement instruments were relatively narrow, so it is needed to re-integrate the defination and explore deeply the inventory in reliability and validity
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    Cited: Baidu(89)
    Individual Difference of Intelligence: Why and Where
    Zhao Xiaomei;Chen Yinghe
    null    2007, 15 (3): 451-457.  
    Abstract1438)      PDF (855KB)(1874)      
    Intellectual individual difference is an important aspect of individual differences. In recent years, with the relative development of cognitive study, researchers have put forward four approaches about individual differences of intelligence: factor approach, parameter approach, strategies approach and adaptive strategy approach. On the basis of discussing the meaning and the historical context related to the four approaches, current research is reviewed. In general, there are some disagreements about aspects of intellectual individual difference. Future study should improve the theoretical construct; relate the brain- mechanism with the cognitive process; and focus on the non-cognitive factor
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    Cited: Baidu(89)
    The Sound of Silence: Remaining Silent in Organization
    He Quan,  Ma Jianhong,  Hora H Tjitra
    null    2006, 14 (3): 413-417.  
    Abstract2682)      PDF (749KB)(2581)      
    Despite their knowledge on the problems of the business process in their organization, for some special reasons – in many cases employees just decide to remain silent. Researchers define this phenomenon as organizational silence. In this article, the authors briefly review the definitions, dimensions and assessment of this special organizational behavior from the current research. Organizational silence is a behavior with multiple causes. So from the leadership and organization, fellow, and individual character, the authors expatiate on the factors that influencing the organizational silence. Further the authors discuss the negative consequences of organizational silence, especially for the organization learning process. Finally the importance and the future research of organizational silence are proposed
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    Cited: Baidu(85)
    Emotion Regulation Theory: A Mental Health Perspective
    Hou Ruihe,Yu Guoliang
    null    2006, 14 (3): 375-381.  
    Abstract3282)      PDF (774KB)(6141)      
    This article is a review on the emotion regulation(ER) theory from the perspective on the relationship of ER and mental health. Early psychoanalytic theory didn’t attach importance to ER and take it as the passive defensive mechanism, and psychopathy was viewed difficulties with ER. Situation-oriented approach took ER as instant psychological reaction to emotion situation, and the use of different ER strategies were related closely to different mental health state. Process -oriented approach considered ER to be extending during emotion generative process, and the use of ER strategies in different period resulted in different mental health state, some later researchers posited psychological resilience theory, which focused on durations of emotional reactivity to situation, and the length of durations were considered to be related to different mental health level, this theory extended the process of emotional regulation. Structure-oriented approach assumed that ER consisted of different components, instead of different processes, and different combinations of ER components resulted in individual’s variety of mental health level. The perspective of mental health promises new insights into the development of ER theory
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    Cited: Baidu(84)