ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (4): 484-496.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2019.00484

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

元刻板印象对随迁儿童攻击行为的效应及挫折感的中介作用 *

黄潇潇1, 张宝山1,2(), 张媛1, 麻雨婷1   

  1. 1 陕西师范大学心理学院
    2 北京师范大学中国基础教育质量监测协同创新中心陕西师范大学分中心, 西安 710061
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-08 出版日期:2019-04-25 发布日期:2019-02-22
  • 通讯作者: 张宝山 E-mail:zhangbs@snnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    * 北京师范大学中国基础教育质量监测协同创新中心重大成果培育性项目(2018-05-017-BZPK01)资助

Effects of meta-stereotype on aggressive behavior among migrant children and the mediating effect of frustration

HUANG Xiaoxiao1, ZHANG Baoshan1,2(), ZHANG Yuan1, MA Yuting1   

  1. 1 School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University
    2 Collaborative Innovation Center of Assessment toward Basic Education Quality at Beijing Normal University, Xi’an 710061, China;
  • Received:2018-06-08 Online:2019-04-25 Published:2019-02-22
  • Contact: ZHANG Baoshan E-mail:zhangbs@snnu.edu.cn

摘要:

以随迁儿童为被试, 通过操纵其消极元刻板印象, 探讨了元刻板印象威胁对攻击行为的影响及其作用机制。结果显示:(1)元刻板印象威胁能够引起个体攻击水平的升高; (2)挫折感在元刻板印象威胁与攻击行为(针对城市儿童)之间起部分中介作用; (3)使用想象群际接触策略控制挫折感水平, 结果发现元刻板印象威胁对攻击行为(针对城市儿童)的效应随着挫折感的降低而减弱, 进一步支持了挫折感的中介作用。总之, 研究证明元刻板印象威胁会导致随迁儿童的挫折感水平升高, 从而诱发更多的攻击行为。

关键词: 随迁儿童, 元刻板印象威胁, 挫折感, 攻击行为

Abstract:

Meta-stereotype threat (MST) refers to an unbalanced cognitive state where a person’s negative beliefs on the stereotype that out-group members hold about their own group are activated. Previous research has shown that the activation of negative meta-stereotypes contributes to social behaviors, but the mechanism of MST effects on aggressive behaviors remains unclear. Migrant children are more susceptible to meta-stereotype compared with dominant groups. However, the influences of negative meta-stereotype on migrant children’s aggressive behaviors have not been thoroughly investigated. Therefore, the current study aims to explore MST effects on migrant children’s aggressive behaviors and the mediated role of frustration between MST and aggressive behaviors. Finally, it attempts to use imagined intergroup contact to examine causes of frustration and identify the negative effects of MST.

As an exploratory study, 60 migrant children were invited to participate in study 1. They were instructed to write adjectives or words that trigger or allay negative meta-stereotypes in accordance with different instructions. Then, they were assigned to complete a balsam pear juice distribution task, which represented aggressive behaviors against local children. Study 2 was improved on the basis of study 1. This study was organized into a 2 (MST condition: activate MST or not) × 2 (attacked aim: local and migrant children) mixed design. A total of 60 migrant children participated in study 2. After writing adjectives, the participants were tasked to complete a test to ensure that meta-stereotype was evoked. Then, a frustration questionnaire and balsam pear juice task among local and migrant children were completed and measured. Study 3 was organized into a 3 (types of imagination: imagined intergroup contact, imagined scenery, and non-imagination) × 2 (attacked aim: local and migrant children) mixed design. First, 95 migrant children were asked to trigger meta-stereotypes and complete the meta-stereotype test. Next, the non-imagination group directly completed the frustration questionnaire and balsam pear juice task, whereas the migrant children of the imagined intergroup contact group imagined positive interaction with local children and the imagined scenery group imagined an outdoor scenery. Then, the two groups completed the questionnaire and balsam pear juice task. T test, ANOVA, and mediation analysis were used to analyze all data.

The following results were observed: (1) Frustration and aggressive behaviors under the MST condition were higher than those in the non-MST condition. (2) The relationship between MST and aggressive behaviors against local children was partly mediated by frustration. (3) The mediated role of frustration was further supported by the results of study 3. Imagined intergroup contact can reduce the aggressive behavior against local children by controlling frustration.

In sum, the results proved that the effects of MST on frustration among migrant children contribute to the increase of aggressive behaviors against local children.

Key words: migrant children, meta-stereotype threat, frustration, aggressive behavior.

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