ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (1): 50-59.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.00050

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

日常环境中的暴力暴露对攻击行为的长期影响:一个有调节的中介模型

张 林; 刘 燊; 徐 强; 吴晓燕;杨梦圆   

  1. (宁波大学心理学系暨研究所, 浙江 宁波 315211)
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-05 出版日期:2017-01-25 发布日期:2017-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 张林, E-mail: zhanglin1@nbu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金项目(12BSH055)和国家自然科学基金项目(31540024)资助。

Long-term effect of violence exposure in real-life on aggressive behaviors: A moderated mediation model

ZHANG Lin; LIU Shen; XU Qiang; WU Xiaoyan; YANG Mengyuan   

  1. (Department and Institute of Psychology, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China)
  • Received:2016-04-05 Online:2017-01-25 Published:2017-01-25
  • Contact: ZHANG Lin, E-mail: zhanglin1@nbu.edu.cn

摘要:

以850名大学生为被试, 探讨日常环境中的暴力暴露与攻击行为的关系, 并在此基础上提出一个有调节的中介模型, 考察攻击性信念的中介作用和人际信任的调节作用。结果发现:(1)日常环境中的暴力暴露对攻击行为有显著的正向预测作用; (2)攻击性信念在日常环境中的暴力暴露与攻击行为的关系中起部分中介作用; (3)攻击性信念的中介作用会受到人际信任的调节。对于低人际信任个体, 攻击性信念起部分中介作用; 对于高人际信任个体, 攻击性信念的中介效应不显著, 日常环境中的暴力暴露对攻击行为只有直接作用。

关键词: 日常环境中的暴力暴露, 攻击性信念, 人际信任, 攻击行为, 有调节的中介

Abstract:

Violence exposure has drawn lots of researchers’ attention recently, for violent incidents in social life has increased significantly. It is believed that violence exposure in daily lives may result in aggressive behaviors and repeated exposure to violence may even alter individual’s cognitive, affective, and behavioral processes. Exposure to violence may change personal emotions, behavior and cognition by causing physical arousal, strengthening negative emotion and finally making him aggressive. While these results are widely accepted, most of the former researchers mainly put their focus on the effects of fictitious violence such as violent video games and violent TV programs, few are put on daily lives. Beliefs about aggression refer to individuals’ perception of whether aggression is acceptable or not when settling disputes and expressing hatred. It also has a close correlation with aggressive behaviors. Previous studies showed there was a negative correlation between interpersonal trust and aggressive behavior. Therefore, interpersonal trust may work as a moderator in the mediation effect of beliefs about aggression. The current study examined the relationship between violence exposure in real-life and aggressive behaviors. In addition, we investigated whether this relationship was mediated by beliefs about aggression and whether interpersonal trust moderated the relationship between violence exposure and aggressive behaviors mediated by beliefs about aggression. 850 college students, among whom 476 were males and 374 were females, participated our experiment for monetary compensation. Violence Exposure Questionnaire, Normative Beliefs about Aggression Scale, Interpersonal Trust Scale, and the Aggression Questionnaire were used. We also analyzed roles of beliefs about aggression and interpersonal trust playing between violence exposure and aggressive behavior. After reviewing the previous literature, we assumed that beliefs about aggression were considered as mediator and interpersonal trust as moderator. The results were as follows: (1) There was a strong positive correlation between violence exposure in daily surroundings with beliefs about aggression and aggressive behaviors. There was a strong positive correlation between beliefs about aggression and aggressive behaviors. There was a strong negative correlation between interpersonal trust and aggressive behaviors. (2) Beliefs about aggression played a partial mediation role in the relationship between violence exposure in real-life and aggressive behaviors. (3) Interpersonal trust moderated the mediation effect of beliefs about aggression. For individuals with high interpersonal trust, the mediating effect of beliefs about aggression was not significant, and violence exposure in daily surroundings only had a direct effect on aggressive behaviors. For individuals with low interpersonal trust, beliefs about aggression partially played a mediation role in the relationship between violence exposure in real-life and aggressive behaviors. (4) There was a moderated mediation model including violence exposure in real-life, beliefs about aggression, interpersonal trust and aggressive behaviors. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that all fit indexes conformed to statistical requirements. The current study investigated the effects of violence exposure in real-life on one’s aggressive behavior through its mechanism, the mediating effects of aggressive behaviors, roles of beliefs about aggression and interpersonal trust in the purpose of prompting more relevant studies on violence exposure in real-life and aggressive behaviors.

Key words: violence exposure in daily environment, beliefs in aggression, interpersonal trust, aggressive behaviors, moderated mediation