ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (8): 989-1001.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.00989

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

安全依恋对人际信任的影响:依恋焦虑的调节效应

李彩娜1; 孙颖1; 拓瑞2; 刘佳1   

  1. (1陕西师范大学心理学院; 陕西省行为与认知神经科学重点实验室, 西安 710062) (2清华大学附属中学秦汉学校, 西安 712000)
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-14 出版日期:2016-08-25 发布日期:2016-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 李彩娜, E-mail: chinali7371@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家社科基金项目(15BRK018)。

The effects of attachment security on interpersonal trust: The moderating role of attachment anxiety

LI Caina1; SUN Ying1; TUO Rui2; LIU Jia1   

  1. (1 School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University and Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Behavior and Cognitive Neuroscience, Xi’an 710062, China) (2 Tsinghua University High School–Qinhan, Xi’an 712000, China)
  • Received:2015-06-14 Online:2016-08-25 Published:2016-08-25
  • Contact: LI Caina, E-mail: chinali7371@163.com

摘要:

采用两个实验探讨了安全依恋启动对人际信任的影响, 并考察了特质依恋风格的调节效应。实验1采用回忆书写任务启动安全依恋, 采用3(启动分组:安全依恋启动, 积极情绪启动, 中性启动)×3(目标词类型:信任相关词, 信任无关词, 非词)混合实验设计考察了不同启动分组对信任词汇反应时的影响。结果发现, 与积极情绪启动组和中性启动组相比, 安全依恋启动能显著提高信任的词汇决策反应时, 特质依恋焦虑起调节效应。实验2采用被试间设计, 考察安全依恋启动对信任博弈任务中信任决策的影响, 结果发现, 安全依恋启动组被试在信任决策中分配的金额显著高于中性组被试, 特质依恋焦虑起调节效应。研究结果验证了安全依恋对人际信任的“拓延–建构环”效应, 对于促进社会信任的提升具有积极的现实意义。

关键词: 安全依恋的拓延–建构环, 特质依恋风格, 安全依恋启动, 人际信任

Abstract:

Both interpersonal trust and attachment are important aspects of human interpersonal relationship. Interpersonal trust is not only one of the most essential quality of intimate relationship, but also a necessary condition for development of commitment and a sense of security. And it includes a variety of people's positive expectations for their partner’s availability, response and caring, all of which are core components of attachment. Attachment is the most important emotional intimacy band through the whole life of an individual, the security base effect of safety attachment affects all aspects of interpersonal and social adaptation of the individuals. The securely attached persons hold positive attitudes toward the availability, sensitivity and reactivity of their partner's responses when they in need, so they will experience higher levels of trust. Previous studies only focused on the relationship between dispositional attachment and interpersonal trust, while recently years, researchers have transformed their focus from dispositional attachment to situational attachment and its positive effect on interpersonal trust. Therefore, present research aimed to examine the impact of attachment security priming on interpersonal trust, and to further extend the Broaden and Build Cycle of attachment security, so as to explore the effective ways to improve individual interpersonal trust. This research adopted two studies to examine the impact of attachment security on interpersonal trust. A 3 (priming groups: attachment security, positive mood, control group) × 3 (target type: trust-related word, trust-unrelated word, non-word) mixed experimental design was conducted in Study 1. After completing the Experiences in Close Relationships scales (ECR) and Interpersonal Trust Scales (ITS), 100 college students were randomly assigned into three priming groups, respectively for attachment security, positive mood and control group. Then all of them finished lexical decision tasks, the target word respectively was trust-related word, trust-unrelated word, and non-word. Study 2 adopted the trust game paradigm to explore the interpersonal trust behavior. 65 college students completed the ECR and ITS one week ago. And then they were randomly assigned into two priming groups, respectively for attachment security and control group. Finally, all the participants finished the trust game task. The results of Study 1 showed that the attachment security priming group’s reaction time of trust-related word was significantly lower than positive mood priming group and control group, and there was non-significant difference between positive mood priming group and control group. The results also found the moderating effect of attachment anxiety. Study 2 indicated that, the participants of attachment security priming group showed more trust behavior than control group, and attachment anxiety moderated the attachment security and trust. These results revealed that attachment security priming could effectively improve the interpersonal trust, and the effect was independent of positive mood priming. The dispositional attachment also served as the moderating role between attachment security priming and interpersonal trust. All of these results confirmed the positive effects of Broaden and Build Cycle of attachment security.

Key words: broaden and build cycle of attachment security, dispositional attachment style, attachment security priming, interpersonal trust