ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (9): 1051-1060.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.01051

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

暴力环境接触对大学生网络攻击行为的影响:反刍思维与网络道德的作用 *

金童林1,2, 陆桂芝2, 张璐2,3, 乌云特娜1(), 金祥忠4   

  1. 1 内蒙古师范大学教育科学学院, 呼和浩特 010020
    2 哈尔滨师范大学教育科学学院, 哈尔滨 150025
    3 信阳学院社会科学学院, 河南 信阳 464000
    4 国网吐鲁番供电公司, 新疆 吐鲁番 838000
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-20 出版日期:2018-09-15 发布日期:2018-07-27
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金资助项目(BMA170035);黑龙江省哲学社会科学基金资助项目(17SHB050)

The effect of violent exposure on online aggressive behavior of college students: The role of ruminative responses and internet moral

JIN Tonglin1,2, LU Guizhi2, ZHANG Lu2,3, WU Yuntena1(), JIN Xiangzhong4   

  1. 1 College of Education and Science, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot 010022, China
    2 School of Education, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150025, China
    3 School of Social Sciences, Xinyang College, Xinyang 464000, China
    4 Tulufan Electric Power Supply Company, State Grid, Tulufan 838000, China
  • Received:2017-10-20 Online:2018-09-15 Published:2018-07-27

摘要:

为探讨暴力环境接触、大学生网络攻击行为、反刍思维及网络道德之间的关系, 选取1000名大学生为被试, 采用暴力环境接触问卷、网络攻击行为量表、反刍思维问卷及网络道德问卷进行测试。结果表明: (1)暴力环境接触对大学生网络攻击行为有显著的正向影响, 并间接地通过反刍思维对大学生网络攻击行为产生作用; (2)网络道德在暴力环境接触对大学生网络攻击行为的影响中起显著的调节作用, 具体而言, 在低网络道德水平下, 暴力环境接触能显著正向预测大学生网络攻击行为, 而在高网络道德水平下, 暴力环境接触对大学生网络攻击行为的预测作用不显著。

关键词: 大学生, 暴力环境接触, 反刍思维, 网络道德, 网络攻击行为

Abstract:

With the development of science, the internet has become an indispensable tool in college students' study and daily life. However, online aggressive behavior has become a much more serious problem for college students in recent few years. It is necessary to find out which factors have significant effects on online aggressive behavior of college students. According to the previous researches, the violent exposure was found to be able to predict aggressive behavior significantly. In addition, some theorists also have confirmed that ruminative responses and aggressive behavior are strongly related. However, as a special form of aggressive behavior, there was little research focused on online aggressive behavior and violent exposure. So the purposes of the present study is to explore the relationship between violent exposure, ruminative responses, internet moral and online aggressive behavior as well as the mechanism the effect of violent exposure on online aggressive behavior of college students.
A total sample of 1000 college students from some universities was selected, with 326 males and 508 females, the average age was 20.74-year-old. All subjects were gathered in the class and finished the questionnaires within about 30 minutes. The questionnaires included the Violent Exposure Questionnaire (VEQ), Online Aggressive Behavior Scale (OABS), Ruminative Responses Scale (RSS), and the Internet Moral Questionnaire (IMQ). Data was collected and analyzed with SPSS 24.0, Amos 21.0 and Mplus 7.4, and the bias-corrected percentile Bootstrap method was used to analyze the role of ruminative responses and internet moral between violent exposure and college students' online aggressive behavior. A single factor analysis was calculated to test the common method variance. Results showed that the study was in-existent common method variance.
The results show that: (1)The relationships between each pair of violent exposure, ruminative responses, internet moral and online aggressive behavior are correlated significantly and positively, the correlation coefficient ranges 0.07 from 0.96 (p < 0.01); (2)The structural equation model (SEM) reveals that the data fits the theoretical model well (c 2/df = 2.45, CFI = 0.99, TLI = 0.98, SRMR = 0.03, RMSEA = 0.04). (3) Violent exposure has a significant direct effect on online aggressive behavior (β = 0.29, p < 0.01); Violent exposure has a significant direct effect on ruminative responses (β = 0.23, p < 0.01); Ruminative responses has a significant direct effect on online aggressive behavior (β = 0.17, p < 0.01); Internet moral has a significant direct effect on online aggressive behavior (β = -0.17, p < 0.01); Interaction has a significant direct effect on online aggressive behavior (β = -0.17, p < 0.01). (4)Violent exposure has a significant indirect effect on online aggressive behavior through ruminative responses, and the confidence interval of 95% is [0.025, 0.061]; (5) Internet moral moderates the relation between violent exposure and online aggressive behavior of college students, that is, there is a significant positive relation between violent exposure and online aggressive behavior under the low internet moral level, however, there is a non-significant relation between violent exposure and online aggressive behavior under the high internet moral level.
It is concluded that in the structural equation model of violent exposure on online aggressive behavior of college students, ruminative responses plays a partial mediating role and internet moral moderates the direct effect. These findings suggest some measures of prevention and treatment for college students’ online aggressive behavior should be taken. Schools and families should set up a good core self-evaluation system in order to help them improve their moral level and eradicate online aggressive behavior.

Key words: college students, violent exposure, ruminative responses, internet moral, online aggressive behavior

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