ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (11): 1890-1900.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.01890

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


谭成慧1, 马姗姗1, 朱传林2, 赵源1, 王炫懿1, 疏德明1(), 刘电芝1()   

  1. 1苏州大学教育学院, 苏州 215123
    2扬州大学教育科学学院, 扬州 225002
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-06 出版日期:2020-11-15 发布日期:2020-09-23
  • 通讯作者: 疏德明,刘电芝;
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家社会科学基金项目(19BTY129)

The self-other distinction in interpersonal interaction: A multi-level exploration

TAN Cheng-hui1, MA Shan-shan1, ZHU Chuan-lin2, ZHAO Yuan1, WANG Xuan-yi1, SHU De-ming1(), LIU Dian-zhi1()   

  1. 1School of Education, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
    2School of Educational Science, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225002, China
  • Received:2020-02-06 Online:2020-11-15 Published:2020-09-23
  • Contact: SHU De-ming,LIU Dian-zhi;


人际互动的根本问题在于我们如何在表征自身想法和感受的同时试图去理解他人的心理和情感状态, 以驾驭复杂的社交环境。最近研究发现个体主要通过模拟自我加工过程实现对他人的理解, 但这种自我加工以及心理模拟在一定程度上混淆了自我与他人。因此, 为进行成功的人际互动, 大脑必须灵活区分自我和他人相关的表征, 这种能力被称为“自我-他人”区分(self-other distinction, SOD)。通过探讨感知、动作、认知以及情感等不同加工水平社会认知过程中的“自我-他人”区分及相应的研究范式, 实现对人际互动过程更全面而深入的理解, 为改善社会认知、情感障碍以及自闭症的干预提供依据。在此基础上, 提出了具体的研究展望。

关键词: “自我-他人”区分, 感知, 动作, 认知, 情感


The fundamental problem with interpersonal interaction is how we can understand others’ mental and emotional states while characterizing our own concurrent thoughts and feelings to navigate the complex social world efficiently. Recent studies have showed that individuals understand others mainly by simulating self-processing processes; however, such self-processing and mental simulations confuse the self with others to some extent. Therefore, the brain needs to be able to differentiate between the representation of self and others flexibly to carry out successful interpersonal interactions. This ability is known as self-other distinction (SOD). In the present study, various cognitive operations at different processing levels that require SOD, such as perception, action, cognition, and emotion, as well as the research paradigm applicable to the corresponding field, were reviewed. The study of SOD may be more conducive to comprehensively understand the interpersonal interaction process. Furthermore, it can be a useful intervention to improve social cognition, affective disorder, and people with autism. In addition to focusing on the paradigm, internal mechanism, and influencing factors, this study puts forward the prospects for further research emphasizing interventions for special populations.

Key words: self-other distinction, perception, action, cognition, emotion