ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (11): 1901-1914.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01901

• 主编特邀 •    下一篇


傅世敏(), 陈晓雯, 刘雨琪   

  1. 广州大学教育学院心理系, 脑与认知科学中心, 广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-20 出版日期:2018-11-15 发布日期:2018-09-26
  • 通讯作者: 傅世敏
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金资助项目(31371142)

Research debate: Does spatial attention modulate C1 component?

FU Shimin(), CHEN Xiaowen, LIU Yuqi   

  1. Department of Psychology and Center for Brain and Cognitive Sciences, School of Education, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Received:2018-06-20 Online:2018-11-15 Published:2018-09-26
  • Contact: FU Shimin


视觉注意的事件相关电位研究中, 对源于V1的C1成分是否受空间注意调制存在争议。多数派观点认为C1不受空间注意直接调制, 但存在对V1的延迟反馈调节; 少数派观点则认为在一定的实验条件下, 空间注意可以在视觉信息加工的早期前馈加工阶段直接调制C1成分。近期双方就此问题展开了讨论。本综述中, 我们首先概述了双方基本观点和实验证据。其次, 简要概括了C1注意效应的多个影响因素。再次, 就近期关于C1注意效应的可重复性、注意负载与知觉负载对诱发C1注意效应的作用、极性翻转与源于V1的关系这三方面的争论进行了述评。最后, 针对该研究争论我们提出了两个原创性观点:其一, 需以开放而又谨慎的态度对待C1注意效应; 其二, 有些方法和技巧可能有助于观察到潜在的C1注意效应。综上, 多数派观点已得到大量实验证据支持, 而少数派观点尚需提供更加决定性的实验证据; 该项争论还将继续。

关键词: 注意, C1, 事件相关电位(ERP)


In the event-related potential (ERP) studies of visual attention, there is a debate regarding whether the C1 component, originated in V1, is modulated by spatial attention. The majority view suggests that C1 is not directly modulated by spatial attention; however, there is a delayed-feedback in V1. The minority view, on the other hand, implies that the C1 component can be directly modulated by spatial attention at the early feed-forward processing stage. Recently there was a debate regarding this issue. In this review, we first summarize the main points and evidence for each side. Second, we listed the factors that may affect the C1 attentional effects. Third, we review and comments on the recent discussions on three aspects, including the repeatability of C1 attentional effect, the role of perceptual and attentional load in eliciting this effect, and the relationship between C1 polarity reversal and its V1-origin. Finally we proposed two points of view: the first is that we should be open and cautious towards the minority view, and the second, there are some techniques and methods that may help to reveal the potential C1 attentional effect. In conclusion, the majority view has been supported by many previous studies and the minority view needs more decisive evidence, and this debate will continue.

Key words: attention, C1, event-related potential (ERP)