ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (04): 67-74.

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小学儿童空间物体位置编码(I)

田学红;方格;方富熹   

  1. 浙江师范大学教育科学与技术学院,中国科学院心理研究所,中国科学院心理研究所 金华321004中国科学院心理研究所,北京100101 ,北京100101 ,北京100101
  • 出版日期:2001-08-25 发布日期:2001-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 田学红

ENCODING OF OBJECT LOCATIONS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN

Tian Xuehong 1,2 \ Fang Ge 2\ Fang Fuxi 2 ( 1 Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004) ( 2 Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academic of Sciences, Beijing 100101)   

  • Online:2001-08-25 Published:2001-08-25

摘要: 采用找物范式研究小学 7、9、11岁儿童利用点与点之间的关系对目标物位置进行编码的认知发展。结果表明 :两点距离编码和三点共线编码认知成绩的年龄效应显著 ,9岁组和 11岁组儿童的认知成绩显著好于 7岁组儿童的认知成绩。两个不同实验任务对儿童认知成绩的影响不同 ,7岁组儿童两点距离编码认知成绩显著好于三点共线编码认知成绩 ,9岁组和 11岁组两个任务的认知成绩差异不显著。提供编码线索后 ,认知成绩有了较大的改善。

关键词: 小学儿童, 空间物体位置编码, 两点距离, 三点共线, 策略

Abstract: This study used an improved paradigm of object searching to examine 7 , 9 , and 11 year old primary school children′s ability in encoding target locations. The performance of the 9 and 11 year olds were significantly higher than that of the 7 year olds. For the 7 year olds, the performance in locating two landmarks was significantly better than that of encoding three locations. This task effect was absent from the two older groups. For all age groups, encoding performance was better under the cued condition.

Key words: primary school children, coding of object location, cues of encoding