ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (12): 1519-1537.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.01519

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇


李董平1; 周月月1; 赵力燕2; 王艳辉3 ;孙文强4   

  1. (1华中师范大学心理学院, 武汉 430079) (2成都文理学院教育学院, 成都 610401) (3嘉应学院教育科学学院, 梅州 514015) (4安徽师范大学教育科学学院, 芜湖 241000)
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-05 发布日期:2016-12-24 出版日期:2016-12-24
  • 通讯作者: 李董平, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金“十二五”规划2014年度教育学青年课题“累积风险对青少年网络成瘾的影响及心理机制研究” (CBA140145)资助。前两位作者贡献均等。

Cumulative ecological risk and adolescent internet addiction: The mediating role of basic psychological need satisfaction and positive outcome expectancy

LI Dongping1; ZHOU Yueyue1; ZHAO Liyan2; WANG Yanhui3; SUN Wenqiang4   

  1. (1 School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China) (2 School of Education, Chengdu College of Arts and Sciences, Chengdu 610401, China) (3 School of Educational Science, Jiaying University, Meizhou 514015, China) (4 College of Educational Science, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China)
  • Received:2016-04-05 Online:2016-12-24 Published:2016-12-24
  • Contact: LI Dongping, E-mail:


青少年网络成瘾与个体所处的生态背景密切相关。目前已有不少研究探讨家庭、学校、同伴背景中单个或少数风险因素对青少年网络成瘾的影响, 但少有研究关注多个背景中生态风险因素的累积对青少年网络成瘾的影响及其心理机制。本研究基于累积风险模型和动机心理学理论, 考察累积生态风险对青少年网络成瘾的影响及基本心理需要满足(个体在现实生活中需要被满足的情况)和积极结果预期(个体对网络使用诱因大小的判断)在其中的并行和/或链式中介作用。被试为5所中学的998名青少年。结构方程模型分析表明:(1)在控制了人口学变量后, 累积生态风险对青少年网络成瘾具有显著的正向预测作用(呈“负加速模式”)。(2)累积生态风险通过显著降低基本心理需要满足(表现出“梯度效应”), 进而促进青少年网络成瘾。(3)累积生态风险通过显著提升积极结果预期(呈“负加速模式”), 进而促进青少年网络成瘾。(4)累积生态风险对青少年网络成瘾的影响被基本心理需要满足和积极结果预期两条并行路径完全中介。上述结果表明, 累积生态风险对青少年网络成瘾具有重要影响, 且这种影响是通过需要和诱因两种动机力量一“推”一“拉”的合力来实现。

关键词: 累积生态风险, 网络成瘾, 基本心理需要满足, 积极结果预期, 青少年


Adolescent Internet addiction has emerged as a significant social issue with the growing popularity of the Internet. Previous research has shown that ecological risk factors including family, school, and peer risk factors play important roles in adolescent Internet addiction. However, few studies have explored the accumulative impact of such risk factors on adolescent Internet addiction. In addition, little is known about the mediation mechanisms underlying the relationship between cumulative ecological risk factors and adolescent Internet addiction. Based on Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory and the cumulative risk (CR) model, the present study examined the extent to which CR is associated with adolescent Internet addiction. Specifically, we examined whether the effect of CR on Internet addiction is greater than that of individual risk factors, and whether the relation between CR and Internet addiction is linear or curvilinear. In addition, based on self-determination theory and cognitive-behavioral model, we examined whether basic psychological need satisfaction and positive outcome expectancy mediated the relationship between CR and adolescent Internet addition. Nine hundred and ninety-eight middle school students (mean age = 15.15 years, SD = 1.57) from Wuhan and Shanghai participated in this study. They filled out a series of questionnaires assessing demographic variables, ecological risk factors (including parental warmth, parental monitoring, parent-adolescent relationship, interparental conflict, school connectedness, teacher-student relationship, student-student relationship, deviant peer affiliation, and peer victimization), basic psychological need satisfaction, positive outcome expectancy, and Internet addiction. Structural equation modeling revealed that (a) CR predicted adolescent Internet addiction in a curvilinear manner whereby the most dramatic increase in Internet addiction was between zero and four risk factors, with a slight leveling off at greater levels of risk exposure; (b) CR was negatively and linearly associated with basic psychological need satisfaction, which in turn increased adolescent Internet addiction; (c) CR predicted positive outcome expectancy in a curvilinear manner (the most dramatic increase in positive outcome expectancy was between zero and three risk factors, with a slight leveling off at greater levels of risk exposure), which in turn increased adolescent Internet addiction; and (d) basic psychological need satisfaction and positive outcome expectancy were two parallel mediation paths linking CR and adolescent Internet addiction. Taken together, the present study is the first to demonstrate the detrimental impact of CR on adolescent Internet addiction, as well as the mediating roles of two motivational factors (basic psychological need satisfaction and positive outcome expectancy) underlying this relation. We tentatively propose a dual-process motivational model to explain how CR is related to adolescent Internet addiction. We also discuss the implications of our findings for the prevention and intervention of adolescent Internet addition.

Key words: cumulative ecological risk, Internet addiction, basic psychological need satisfaction, positive outcome expectancy, adolescents