ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (2): 154-167.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2022.00154

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

青少年心理韧性与恶意创造性行为倾向的关系

王丹, 王典慧, 陈文锋()   

  1. 中国人民大学心理学系, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-17 出版日期:2022-02-25 发布日期:2021-12-24
  • 通讯作者: 陈文锋 E-mail:wchen@ruc.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国人民大学科学研究基金(中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助, 18XNLG10, 19XNLG20);中国人民大学“双一流”跨学科重大创新规划平台“哲学与认知科学交叉平台”项目成果

The relationship between adolescents’ resilience and their malevolent creative behaviors

WANG Dan, WANG Dianhui, CHEN Wenfeng()   

  1. Department of Psychology, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2021-03-17 Online:2022-02-25 Published:2021-12-24
  • Contact: CHEN Wenfeng E-mail:wchen@ruc.edu.cn

摘要:

恶意创造力因其独特的“危害性”而与一般创造力有所区分。积极的人格特质如心理韧性由于可以促进一般创造力但对恶意有所抑制, 故其对恶意创造力的影响尚不清楚。通过2个研究考察心理韧性与恶意创造力的关系及其作用机制, 以及心理韧性与应激对恶意创造力的共同作用。结果表明:心理韧性水平能够显著负向预测青少年的恶意创造性行为, 且主要通过积极应对方式对恶意创造性行为起作用; 心理韧性对恶意创造性行为的影响也会受到应激环境的调节, 即相对于非应激条件, 应激条件下削弱了积极应对方式对恶意创造性行为的抑制作用。这些结果表明有必要注重培养青少年的心理韧性以抵御外界环境的不良影响, 并正确引导其创造力的发展。

关键词: 恶意创造力, 心理韧性, 应对方式, 应激, 青少年

Abstract:

Malevolent creativity is distinguished from general creativity due to its “harmfulness”. It is known that negative personality traits and threatening social situations may promote malevolent creativity via strengthening malevolence. So it seems reasonable to speculate the inhibitory role of positive personality traits (e.g., resilience) on the malevolence in malevolent creativity. However, it has been also evident that resilience is positively correlated with creativity itself. Thus, the two roles of resilience seem to be contradictory when malevolence and creativity are linked together. As a result, it is unclear that what the dominant role of resilience in malevolent creativity is.
To tackle this issue, two studies were conducted with the hypothesis that high resilience may predict less malevolent creativity via weakening the malevolence. A moderated mediation model was further proposed to investigate the roles of coping style and stress on the relationship of adolescents’ resilience and their malevolent creative behaviors. Study 1 aimed to explore whether resilience predicts malevolent creativity in a positive or negative direction and whether coping style mediates the influence of resilience on malevolent creativity. A sample of 370 teenagers in study 1 completed the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CDRS), Malevolent Creativity Behavior Scale (MCBS), Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, and Runco Ideational Behavior Scale (RIBS). Study 2 aimed to investigate the moderating role of stress in the mediation process of coping style on the relationship of resilience and malevolent creativity. Another sample of 244 teenagers was recruited in study 2 to induce their acute stress using the Trier Social Stress Test before completing the above questionnaires.
The results showed that: 1) the resilience scores of participants were negatively correlated with their malevolent creativity behavior scores; 2) Coping style played a complete mediating role in the relationship between resilience and malevolent creativity; 3) The mediating effect of coping style was moderated by stress where stressful situation weakened the inhibitory effect of positive coping styles on malevolent creativity. These results suggested that the positive quality of resilience can inhibit the harmfulness of malevolent creativity, but stressful situations can reduce the inhibitory effect of resilience. It shed light that cultivating the resilience of young people will resist the adverse effects of stressful situations, and it is necessary to guide the development of their creative ability.

Key words: malevolent creativity, resilience, coping style, stress, adolescent

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