ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1997, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (04): 357-363.

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再认记忆测验中抑郁个体的心境一致性记忆研究

郭力平   

  1. 华东师范大学心理学系
  • 出版日期:1997-12-25 发布日期:1997-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 郭力平

A STUDY OF MOOD-CONGRUENT MEMORY IN DEPRESSEDINDIVIDUALS: USE OF RECOGNITION TASKS

Guo Liping (Department of Psychology ,East China Normal University ,Shanghai,200062)   

  • Online:1997-12-25 Published:1997-12-25

摘要: 采用Jacoby的加工分离程序,对再从记忆测验中外显记忆成分与内隐记忆成分的贡献进行分离,考察了抑郁个体的内隐记忆和外显记忆是否具有心境一致性记忆倾向。结果表明:抑郁个体的外显记忆具有心境一致性倾向,而内隐记忆不存在心境一致性倾向,表明心境一致性记忆需要精细加工机制的参与。另外发现,抑郁个体存在外显记忆缺损而没有出现内隐记忆缺损。最后就一些有待进一步研究的方面进行了讨论。

关键词: 心境一致性记忆, 加工分离程序, 抑郁

Abstract: Employing L. L. Jacoby ' s process dissociation procedure (Jacoby, 1991 ), An experiment was designed to investigate whether mood-congruent memory bias is a function of implicit or explicit memory. The result showed: mood-congruent memory bias was found in explicit memory but not in implicit memory. The findings demonstrated the involvement of elaborative mechanisms in mood-congruent memory. In addition, explicit memory deficit was found in depressed participants, but no implicit memory deficit was found in them. Some directions for future research were discussed at the end of the paper.

Key words: mood-congruent memory, process dissociation procedure, depression