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  • Table of Content
       , Volume 26 Issue 5 Previous Issue    Next Issue
    For Selected: View Abstracts Toggle Thumbnails
    Conceptual Framework
     Dual-theory of experiential consumption and material consumption: Phenomenon, mechanism, and influence factors
    LI Bin, WEI Haiying, LI Aimei, LI Fangjun, CHEN Xiaoxi
    Advances in Psychological Science. 2018, 26 (5): 761-769.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00761
    Abstract   PDF (449KB) ( 1076 )
     China has already entered an important stage of both the consumer demand sustained growth and consumption structure upgraded being speeded up, thus the question of how to make the happy consumption or how to “buy” happiness has caused wide concern in public and government. Psychologist found that people derive more happiness from experiential consumption than from material consumption. And money priming would activate “value maximization mindset”; time priming would activate “emotional mindset” on the other hand, then to influence consumer’s decision-making. Based on these findings, this project started from the perspective of dual-process theory, using both the method of behavioral science and cognitive neuroscience, to reveal essence of the phenomenon of dual cognitive processing in consumer decision, and to clarify the relationship between money, time, consumer and happiness.
    Research Methods
     Technology of text analysis in the big data era: Application of the topic model
    CAO Ben, XIA Mian, REN Zhihong, LIN Xiubin, XU Sheng, LAI Lizu, WANG Qi, JIANG Guangrong
    Advances in Psychological Science. 2018, 26 (5): 770-780.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00770
    Abstract   PDF (488KB) ( 894 )
     Topic Model is a computerized text analysis method and has been used widely in the field of psychology. For counseling research, this method has the potential for exploring themes of conversations between the therapist and patient, comparing the semantic similarity of different treatments and establishing behavioral coding systems. Using data from social media, researchers may use topic model to identify and predict various mental disorders, carry out calculations pertaining personality. Further, this paper discusses needed improvements of the topic model, and its application in the Chinese language environment. Topic model can be used to explore the psychological meaning of Chinese texts.
     The analyses of multilevel moderation effects based on structural equation modeling
    FANG Jie, WEN Zhonglin, WU Yan
    Advances in Psychological Science. 2018, 26 (5): 781-788.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00781
    Abstract   PDF (425KB) ( 882 )
     In recent years, multilevel models (MLM) have been frequently used for studying multilevel moderation in social sciences. However, there still exist sampling errors and measurement errors even after separating the between-group effects from the within-group effects of multilevel moderation. To solve this problem, a new method has been developed abroad by integrating MLM with structural equation models (SEM) under the framework of multilevel structural equation models (MSEM) to set latent variables and multiple indicators. It has been showed that the method could rectify sampling errors and measurement errors effectively and obtain more accurate estimation of moderating effects. After introducing the new method by modeling with random coefficient prediction and with latent moderated structural equations, we propose a procedure for analyzing multilevel moderation by using MSEM. An example is illustrated with the software Mplus. Totally 29 articles, published in Chinese psychological journals from 2010 to 2017, are reviewed for evaluating the situation of using multilevel moderation analysis methods in psychological researches in China. Directions for future study on multilevel moderation and MSEM were discussed at the end of the paper.
    Regular Articles
     Text-belief consistent effect and the way of avoidance
    LIN Wenyi, ZHANG Jing, LI Guanzheng
    Advances in Psychological Science. 2018, 26 (5): 789-795.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00789
    Abstract   PDF (339KB) ( 305 )
     Prior beliefs that people already have would lead to a biased process of new information. The text-belief consistent effect demonstrates that the process of text which is inconsistent with prior beliefs is better than the process of text which is consistent in text base; in situation model, however, the process of the text which is consistent is better than the process of text which is not. The text-belief consist effect can partly be explained by the combination of the plausibility evaluation theory and the dual processing models of cognition. The way to eliminate the negative impact of the text-belief consistent effect, such as manipulate the presentation of text, is also discussed and prospected in this paper.
    Cognitive Characteristics of Communicative Gestures
    ZHANG Hengchao
    Advances in Psychological Science. 2018, 26 (5): 796-809.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00796
    Abstract   PDF (440KB) ( 500 )
    Gesture is an important nonverbal medium in the process of language communication, which is not only closely related to the interaction of language, but also has different cognitive characteristics of communication. The key points are summarized as follows: the relationship between gestures and language communication, the relatively independent communication features of gestures, and the characteristics of gesture communication in educational situations. This paper puts forward: Firstly, the joint expression of gestures and language promotes language occurrence and semantic understanding, integration and memory; Secondly, gestures have a certain degree of independent communication, and mismatches between gestures and language reflect changes in the communicative information and communicative cognition; Finally, in the context of education, teachers’ gesture expressions can guide students’ attention and clarify language information. Students’ gesture communication can help to promote the cognitive process of learning. Future studies are needed to furtherly explore: impact of gesture on language communication function; the characteristics and advantages of the cognitive mechanism of gesture communication in language communication; cognitive mechanism of gesture communication efficiency in education environment; influencing factors, general characteristics and individual differences of gesture communication.
     An integrated perspective on western creativity theories
    ZHANG Yakun, CHEN Lung An, ZHANG Xingli, SHI Jiannong
    Advances in Psychological Science. 2018, 26 (5): 810-830.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00810
    Abstract   PDF (3100KB) ( 465 )
     One of the long-standing state among scholars researching the psychology of Creativity is that while western theories stress the importance of big-C, little-C, the process, the person, the product, the press and other concepts of Creativity from an ever-expanding variety of disciplines. But these systems are various and complicated, making man difficult grasp the point of the problem. In order to analyze the scope of application of each theory (mainly including Kaufman’ Four-C Model, Csikszentmihalyi’s Systems Model of Creativity, Sternberg’s Propulsion Theory of Creative Contributions, Amabile’s Componential Model of Creativity, and Gl?veanu’s 5A Theory of Creativity), we summarized these systematic theories of creativity from two directions, forming a rectangular coordinate system that we called the Galaxy Developmental Model for it is analogous to the process of galaxy development. One direction is perspective of development (from Mini-C to Little-C, then Pro-C, and finally Big-C); Another is perspective of connection (from the cognitive neural basis of creativity to the process of creativity…finally the socio-cultural aspect of creativity). We are trying to provide a method allowing us to understand each theory clearly and to establish systems view of creativity, as well as paving a way for further research and application.
     Visual motion perception in Autism Spectrum Disorder
    LI Kaiyun, CHEN Gongxiang, FU Xiaolan
    Advances in Psychological Science. 2018, 26 (5): 831-845.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00831
    Abstract   PDF (804KB) ( 382 )
     Visual motion perception is the process human brain perceives the dynamic/motion characteristics of objects. Individuals with autism spectrum disorders exhibit deficits in visual processing, such as in optical flow, second-order motion, coherent motion, biological motion, motion speed, and obsessing in repetitive moving objects. While various hypotheses (the Dorsal/Magnocellular pathway-specific hypothesis, Complexity-specific hypothesis, Neural noise hypothesis, Flatter-prior hypothesis, Temporo-spatial processing deficit, Extreme male brain hypothesis, and Social brain hypothesis) have been proposed to explain the abnormal visual processing in autism, none of them has been proven definitively so far. Future study should focus on investigating individual differences and neural mechanism of abnormal visual motion perception, integrating and verifying the hypotheses, as well as exploiting effective evaluation tools and interventions.
     The plasticity of aging brain: Evidence from cognitive training
    HUO Lijuan, ZHENG Zhiwei, LI Jin, LI Juan
    Advances in Psychological Science. 2018, 26 (5): 846-858.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00846
    Abstract   PDF (406KB) ( 627 )
    Healthy aging is associated with cognitive impairment, which generally attributed to declines in brain structure and functioning. However, the aging brain retains structural and functional plasticity. With the development of neuroimaging technologies, a large number of brain imaging studies have confirmed that cognitive training positively impacts brain structure and functioning. After training, the aged individuals show: (1) increased structural gray matter volume and integrity of white matter tracts; (2) functional reorganization of brain network when performing cognitive tasks; (3) functional reorganization in intrinsic brain activity and enhancement functional connectivity during resting state. Further studies of cognitive training are required to investigate various factors that influence individual differences of brain plasticity and determine the lasting effects and transfer effects by using longitudinal studies.
     Cognitive bias modification of interpretation for social anxiety: A “bottom-up” intervention?
    LIU Bingqian, LI Xuebing
    Advances in Psychological Science. 2018, 26 (5): 859-871.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00859
    Abstract   PDF (488KB) ( 479 )
     Cognitive models of social anxiety propose that socially anxious individuals tend to interpret ambiguous social events differently than healthy controls, embodying the presence of a negative interpretation bias and a lack of positive interpretation bias. This interpretation bias has been considered to play an important role in the etiology, maintenance, and recurrence of the disease. Many studies suggest that interpretation bias, as well as negative affect, can be directly shifted through repeated experiential practice, known as Cognitive Bias Modification of Interpretation (CBM-I). This has led to a growing interest in exploring the clinical potential of this “bottom-up” intervention. However, there has been some controversy about the heterogeneity of studies and the uncertainty about the cognitive mechanisms of this approach in the recent decade. The present article summarizes the frequently-used paradigms and reviews studies in terms of participants’ age and clinical status. Moreover, it focuses on discussing the potential cognitive mechanisms of CBM-I. An intervention model for the underlying mechanisms is proposed based on established cognitive models of social anxiety disorder and relevant factors (self-imagery, self-esteem, evaluation of threatening messages, fear of positive evaluation, long-term memory, anxiety sensitivity, and avoidance). Limitations of the studies reviewed are analyzed from five aspects: interpretation bias, social anxiety, transfer effect, experimental design and study heterogeneity. Directions for future research are addressed as well.
     Sense of agency in the minimal self
    TIAN Haoyue, LI Lihong, XU Zhe, LI Fei, JIN Dan, AN Canling
    Advances in Psychological Science. 2018, 26 (5): 872-885.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00872
    Abstract   PDF (551KB) ( 372 )
     Sense of agency (SoA), an important part of minimal self, is the experience of influencing the outside world through controlling one’s behavior. Many researchers divided SoA into two parts according to the level of consciousness: feeling of agency (FoA) and judgment of agency (JoA). Different implicit and explicit paradigms are used to investigate the mechanism and connection of these two parts. Among the three core theories in this domain (i.e. comparator model, theory of apparent mental causation, and integration theory), integration theory has been supported by more evidence in recent years. Furthermore, researchers have made significant progress in the areas of distorted SoA and factors which influence SoA. In future, researchers could focus more attention on the changes in SoA in the social environment, the development of SoA, the multimodal integration in SoA, the relationship between SoA and sense of ownership (SO), as well as the neural mechanisms of SoA.