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Advances in Psychological Science    2019, Vol. 27 Issue (12) : 2034-2042     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.02034
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The promoting effect of insight on memory
LAI Yanqun1,YANG Qi2(),HUANG Baozhen3,SAI Liyang4
1 School of Psychology, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, 350108, China
2 Department of Philosophy, Tongji University, Shanghai, 200092, China
3 School of Education and Art, Ningde Normal University, Ningde, 352100, China
4 Institute of psychological science, Hangzhou normal university, Hangzhou, 311121, China
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Abstract  

The promoting effect of insight on memory refers to the phenomenon that processing insightful problems facilitate memory retention, compared with processing non-insightful problems, which is a robust effect regardless of operational definitions of insight and experimental paradigms. Based on the stage view of insight, two theories were proposed to explain the cognitive mechanisms underlying the promoting effect of insight. The theories of cognitive generation and representation-change propose that cognitive effort, transfer-appropriate processing and representational-change processing function together during processing insightful problems to enhance the memory retention, while the emotional "aha" experience theory proposes that emotional reaction after processing insightful problems promotes the subsequent retrieval of information. Future studies should focus on the following aspects: selecting appropriate markers of insight, consolidating the promoting effect of insight on memory, evaluating the sustainability of the promoting effect of insight, and systematically exploring the cognitive mechanisms underlying the promoting effect of insight on memory.

Keywords promoting effect of insight on memory      the stage view of insight      generation effect      representation transformation      “aha” experience     
ZTFLH:  B842  
Corresponding Authors: Qi YANG     E-mail: yangqpsy@163.com
Issue Date: 21 October 2019
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Yanqun LAI
Qi YANG
Baozhen HUANG
Liyang SAI
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Yanqun LAI,Qi YANG,Baozhen HUANG, et al. The promoting effect of insight on memory[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(12): 2034-2042.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.02034     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2019/V27/I12/2034
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