ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (8): 880-891.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.00880

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于定量脑电图的音乐和灯光颜色对情绪的影响 *

卢伟1(), 黄尔齐1, 原晋霞2   

  1. 1 南京农业大学工学院, 南京 210031
    2 南京师范大学教育科学学院, 南京 210097
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-07 发布日期:2018-07-02 出版日期:2018-08-07
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金(51405239);江苏省农机三新工程项目(SZ120170036);Asia hub on WEF and Agriculture, NAU-MSU联合研究项目(2017-H-11)

The effects of music mode and lamplight color on human emotion based on quantitative EEG

LU Wei1(), HUANG Erqi1, YUAN Jinxia2   

  1. 1 Nanjing Agricultural University, College of Engineering, Nanjing 210031, China
    2 Nanjing Normal University, School of Education Science, Nanjing 210097, China
  • Received:2017-03-07 Online:2018-07-02 Published:2018-08-07


研究利用定量脑电图(quatitative electroencephalograhy, qEEG)技术和自我报告法分析音乐和灯光颜色对情绪的影响。实验基于效价-唤醒度框架评价情绪。实验1考察3种灯光颜色和4种音乐调式作为单环境因素刺激的主观结果和EEG信号, 实验2考察3种灯光颜色与4种音乐调式作为双环境因素刺激的主观结果和EEG信号。研究发现:(1)通过qEEG技术研究不同类型的音乐调式和灯光颜色对人情绪的影响是可行的。(2)大调、宫调音乐和绿色灯光对情绪产生积极影响, 小调、羽调音乐和红色灯光对情绪产生消极影响。(3)音乐和灯光双环境因素对情绪同时刺激时, 具有交互作用, 情绪正相关影响双环境因素对情绪影响有加强, 负相关影响双环境因素对情绪影响有削弱。(4)在灯光颜色与音乐作为双环境因素刺激被试时, 主要由音乐调式影响情绪变化, 但是灯光颜色与音乐调式组合时, 对情绪影响程度依然有显著差异。(5)音乐刺激本身具有的情绪信息与被试被诱发的情绪相一致, 灯光颜色的情绪标签与被试被影响的情绪基本一致。

关键词: qEEG, 音乐, 情绪, 灯光颜色


Numerous studies showed that music mode and lamplight color impact audiences’ emotions. It’s generally accepted that major-mode, Chinese ancient Gong-mode and red light are associated with excited and vigorous emotions. Minor-mode, Chinese ancient Yu-mode, and blue and green light have characteristics of calm and contented emotion. Furthermore, recent studies indicated that both music modes and lamplight colors induce emotional changes. Beyond exploring the effects of two emotional stimuli on emotional induction, this study validated the consistency of emotional information of the stimuli with the two emotional stimulations.

Participants (total 41) were divided into two groups randomly to take part in different experiments. In the first experiment, three lamplight colors and four music modes were stimulated on 21 participants to study their subjective perception. Simultaneously, the EEG data of participants were collected. In the second experiment, dual-factor stimulations with three lamplight colors and four music modes were applied on 20 participants to evaluate their subjective perception, with the EEG data collected. Before each experiment, every participant was asked to execute two moderately difficult calculations to clear their minds. The average frequency band power of EEG was calculated and the subjective emotional evaluation was done at the end of each experiment.

The first experiment showed that major-mode and Chinese ancient Gong-mode tunes were positive emotional stimuli; on the contrary, minor-mode and Chinese ancient Yu-mode tunes were negative. The arousal degree of tri-color light (red, blue, and green) is greater than the minor-mode tune. The second experiment revealed that red lamplight color inhibited the effect of tune mode on emotional potency. Despite the fact that blue and green lamplight colors promoted the effect of Western tune mode, they inhibited that of Oriental tune mode. The study concluded as below. (1) It is feasible to study the effects of different tuned modes and lamplight colors on human emotion using qEEG technology. (2) Western major mode tunes, Chinese ancient Gong-mode tunes and green lamplight color have positive effects on the human mood emotion. However, Western minor mode tunes, Chinese ancient Yu-mode tunes and red light color have negative effects on the human emotion. (3) Tune mode and lamplight color have interactive effects on human emotion, which can strengthen emotion under the condition of positive correlation and vice versa. (4) Tune mode is the main factor for affecting human emotion when the two factors of tune mode and lamplight color act as stimuli simultaneously. However, lamplight color also has significant contributions and differences for emotional effect when the two factors are combined. (5) The emotional information of the stimulating tune is consistent with the induced emotions. The mood labels of the lamplight colors are generally related to the responded emotions.

Key words: qEEG, tune, emotion, lamplight color