ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (12): 1351-1362.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2019.01351

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

社会知觉视角下道德诉求方式如何提升劝捐效果

陈斯允1, 卫海英1,2(), 孟陆3   

  1. 1 暨南大学管理学院
    2 暨南大学企业发展研究所, 广州 510632
    3 中国人民大学商学院, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-30 出版日期:2019-12-25 发布日期:2019-10-21
  • 通讯作者: 卫海英 E-mail:tweihy@jnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金项目资助(71772077);国家自然科学基金项目资助(71372169)

The impact of congruency between moral appeal and social perception on charitable donation

CHEN Siyun1, WEI Haiying1,2(), MENG Lu3   

  1. 1 Management School, Jinan University
    2 The Institute of Enterprise Development, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
    3 School of Business, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2018-09-30 Online:2019-12-25 Published:2019-10-21
  • Contact: WEI Haiying E-mail:tweihy@jnu.edu.cn

摘要:

如何有效地引导个体“慷慨解囊”一直是理论和实践都关注的热点。基于道德基础理论和刻板印象内容模型, 研究考察了在不同社会知觉(温暖型vs.能力型)的劝捐主体中, 两种道德诉求方式(个体人道诉求vs.群体规范诉求)对劝捐效果的影响及其内在机制。3个实验的结果显示:温暖型(能力型)劝捐主体与个体人道诉求(群体规范诉求)更为契合, 更有利于提升劝捐效果; 温暖型劝捐主体进行个体人道诉求主要通过唤起个体的自我效能而提升劝捐效果, 而能力型劝捐主体进行群体规范诉求则主要通过增强个体的反应效能而提升劝捐效果。

关键词: 道德诉求, 温暖, 能力, 捐赠, 自我效能, 反应效能

Abstract:

Previous research has long paid attention to how to improve persuasive effectiveness in charitable donation. Based on moral foundation theory (MFT) and stereotype content model (SCM), this paper proposes that a match between moral appeal and social perception leads higher persuasive effectiveness of individual donation. More specifically, relative to those who are exposed to a binding appeal, consumers who are exposed to an individualizing appeal are more willing to donate for warmth-oriented organizations. However, for competence- oriented organizations, a binding appeal will garner higher persuasive effectiveness than an individualizing appeal. Furthermore, two types of efficacy (i.e., self-efficacy and response efficacy) mediate the interaction effect of moral appeal and social perception on donation effectiveness.
Three lab experiments were conducted to examine these hypotheses. In particular, experiment 1 employed a 3 (moral appeal: binding appeal vs. individualizing appeal vs. neutral) × 2 (social perception: warmth-oriented vs. competence-oriented) two-way between-subjects design. We found that competence-oriented (vs. warmth-oriented) organizations will obtain better donation persuasion results when consumers are exposed to binding (vs. individualizing) appeal, supporting the hypotheses H1a and H1b. Then, in experiment 2, we identified the underlying mechanism, such that the interaction effect is driven by consumers’ response efficacy and self-efficacy, verifying the hypotheses H2a and H2b. Experiment 3 further examined the mediating role of different types of efficacy using a moderation approach. Participants were randomly assigned to one of condition of 3 (moral appeal: binding appeal vs. individualizing appeal vs. neutral) × 2 (social perception: warmth- oriented vs. competence-oriented) × 2 (efficacy: self-efficacy vs. response efficacy). Experiment 3 replicated the findings of previous experiments, showing the robustness of our conclusions. We also ruled out some alternative explanations (e.g., empathy) in the study.
Theoretically, this research observes for the first time the interactive effect of moral appeal and social perception, thus extending both moral foundation theory and stereotype content model. The current study also enriches existing donation literature by examining the mediating role of response efficacy and self-efficacy. Managerially, this research has rich implications to charitable organization and companies when they aim to improve persuasive effectiveness in an individual donation.

Key words: moral appeal, warmth, competence, donation, self-efficacy, response efficacy

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