ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (7): 811-824 .doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2013.00811

• 论文 • 上一篇    

代际团结潜在类别与关系质量对自陈健康及幸福感的影响

杨晶晶;Ariela LOWENSTEIN;Todd JACKSON;郑涌   

  1. (1 西南大学认知与人格教育部重点实验室, 重庆 400715) (2 西南大学心理学部, 重庆 400715) (3 Center for Research & Study of Aging, The University of Haifa, Israel)
  • 收稿日期:2012-03-29 出版日期:2013-07-25 发布日期:2013-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 郑涌

Intergenerational Latent Solidarity Class and Relationship Quality among Chinese: Implications for Self-reported Health and Well-being

YANG Jingjing;Ariela LOWENSTEIN;Todd JACKSON;ZHENG Yong   

  1. (1 Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality (MOE), Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China) (2 Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China) (3 Center for Research & Study of Aging, The University of Haifa, Israel)
  • Received:2012-03-29 Online:2013-07-25 Published:2013-07-25
  • Contact: ZHENG Yong
  • Supported by:

    This research was supported by the Doctoral Fund of MOE (20120182110001), and the National Key Discipline Project (TR201206-1) of China.

摘要: 本研究考察了成年子女与其父母的代际关系中团结和关系质量对代际双方身体和心理结果的影响。研究1中,对中国成年子女(N = 1283)的潜在类别分析结果显示是六种代际团结类别,多项逻辑回归表明两代人的特征会影响团结潜在类别和关系质量。研究2中,对367对中国成年子女-父母(N = 734)的报告进行等级线性建模,行动者-搭档互依模型结果指出好的团结潜在类别(自我和搭档报告的)和好的关系质量(自我报告的)与两代人的高幸福感相关,好的团结潜在类别(自我和搭档报告的)和好的关系质量(自我和搭档报告的)预测了两代人的低心理苦恼;其中代际和性别调节了团结类别和关系质量对自我报告健康及幸福感的作用,同时,两代人团结类别的交互作用和评价的相似性也影响了幸福感和心理苦恼。

关键词: 代际团结, 关系质量, 健康, 幸福感, 潜在类别分析, 行动者-搭档互依模型

Abstract: The present research aimed to investigate the associations between solidarity and quality of intergenerational relationships between adult children and their parents and their physical and psychological consequences. In Study 1, latent class analysis on the basis of data from Chinese adult children (N = 1283) shows that six latent solidarity classes emerged, and results of multinomial logistic regression indicate that the characteristics of both generations affect latent solidarity class and relationship quality. In Study 2, data from 367 Chinese intergenerational dyads (adult child-parent, N = 734) were analyzed by actor-partner interaction models, and results indicate that better latent solidarity class (both self and partner) and better relationship quality (self not partner) are associated with both generations’ higher well-being, and better latent solidarity class (both self and partner) and better relationship quality (both self and partner) predict both generations’ lower distress; generation and gender modulate effects of solidarity class and relationship quality on self-rated health and well-being, whereas interaction and similarity between solidarity classes reported by both generations’ also affect well-being and distress.

Key words: intergenerational solidarity, relationship quality, health, well-being, latent class analysis, actor-partner interaction models