ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (2): 201-208.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00201

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


季雨竹, 毕鸿燕()   

  1. 中国科学院心理研究所, 中国科学院行为科学重点实验室, 脑科学与学习困难研究中心, 北京 100101;中国科学院大学心理系, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-09 出版日期:2019-02-15 发布日期:2018-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 毕鸿燕
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金面上项目资助(31671155);国家自然科学基金面上项目资助(31371044)

The noise exclusion deficit in developmental dyslexia

JI Yuzhu, BI Hongyan()   

  1. Center for Brain Science and Learning Difficulties, CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-04-09 Online:2019-02-15 Published:2018-12-25
  • Contact: BI Hongyan


发展性阅读障碍的缺陷本质一直是研究者们关注和争论的焦点。近些年, 有研究者提出了一种新的理论假设——噪音抑制缺陷假设, 并得到了许多研究证据的支持。这种缺陷在视觉和听觉通道中均存在, 说明阅读障碍具有多感觉/一般性噪音抑制缺陷。但也有研究者指出知觉噪音抑制本质上反映了注意的功能, 因而这种缺陷可能是由注意缺陷导致的。目前还缺乏直接证据支持汉语阅读障碍存在噪音抑制缺陷。最后本文对该领域未来的发展方向做出展望。

关键词: 发展性阅读障碍, 噪音抑制, 视觉大细胞-背侧通路, 注意


The nature of cognitive and neurophysiological deficits of dyslexia have been under debate for a long time. Recently, a new hypothesis for developmental dyslexia -- noise exclusion deficit hypothesis, was proposed and was supported by a number of empirical research evidence from alphabetic languages. It has been found that dyslexia exhibited noise exclusion deficits not only in visual domain but also in auditory domain, indicating a multisensory or domain-general noise exclusion deficit. Alternatively, noise exclusion deficit of dyslexia was also argued to be mainly derived from attention deficit. Yet, some critical issues are still required to be addressed in the future, such as whether noise exclusion deficit presents in Chinese developmental dyslexia.

Key words: developmental dyslexia, noise exclusion, visual magnocellular-dorsal pathway, attention