ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (12): 1882-1888.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01882

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


张克; 赵媚; 林文娟   

  1. (中国科学院心理健康重点实验室, 中国科学院心理研究所, 北京 100101) (中国科学院大学, 北京 100049)
  • 收稿日期:2016-05-24 出版日期:2016-12-15 发布日期:2016-12-15
  • 通讯作者: 林文娟, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


The role of epigenetic regulation in stress-induced depression

ZHANG Ke; ZHAO Mei; LIN Wenjuan   

  1. (Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China) (University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
  • Received:2016-05-24 Online:2016-12-15 Published:2016-12-15
  • Contact: LIN Wenjuan, E-mail:


应激可以对个体的生理和行为产生负面影响, 甚至导致抑郁症, 但病因机制尚不清楚。近年来许多研究发现应激导致的表观遗传修饰变化影响抑郁症的发生。表观遗传是指DNA序列不发生变化, 但基因表达却发生了可遗传的改变。应激引起的HPA轴、单胺类递质、BDNF三个方面的表观遗传修饰的变化, 在抑郁症发生中发挥重要作用。最后提出了目前表观遗传机制研究的局限性和未来研究热点。

关键词: 应激, 表观遗传, 抑郁症, DNA甲基化, 组蛋白修饰


Exposure to stress could have a negative impact on the individual’s physiological function and behavior, and even cause depression. However, the mechanism is still unclear. In recent years, research shows that the epigenetic regulation influences the onset of stress-induced depression. Epigenetics refers to the various processes leading to long-term heritable changes in gene expression without alteration of the DNA base sequence. Stress-induced epigenetic regulation from the aspects of HPA axis, monoamine neurotransmitters, and the BDNF, plays a vital role in the onset of depression. The epigenetic limitations and future research hotspots were also discussed.

Key words: stress, epigenetics, depression, DNA methylation, histone modification