ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (9): 1508-1524.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.01508

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


李婉如1, 库逸轩2()   

  1. 1华东师范大学心理与认知科学学院, 上海 200062
    2中山大学心理学系, 广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-31 出版日期:2020-09-15 发布日期:2020-07-24
  • 通讯作者: 库逸轩
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家社会科学基金重大项目(17ZDA323);上海市自然科学基金(19ZR1416700);中山大学百人计划项目

The influence of acute stress on working memory: Physiological and psychological mechanisms

LI Wanru1, KU Yixuan2()   

  1. 1School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2Department of Psychology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Received:2019-10-31 Online:2020-09-15 Published:2020-07-24
  • Contact: KU Yixuan


急性应激是机体面对外界环境变化所产生的一系列生理和心理反应, 对认知加工, 尤其是核心的工作记忆能力产生深远影响, 然而以往的研究存在大量不一致的结果。从应激诱发方式、工作记忆加工子成分、个体差异等三个方面系统阐释应激影响工作记忆的生理心理机制, 并结合认知神经机制的框架, 可以更好地理解以往的结果。未来研究应综合考虑应激诱发、认知任务和响应个体等方面的差异对应激带来的影响, 并关注急性应激负面影响的干预与调控。

关键词: 急性应激, 工作记忆, 前额叶, 交感神经系统, 下丘脑-垂体-肾上腺轴


Acute stress is a series of physiological and psychological reaction that could help people adjust homeostasis, when their body facing changes and challenges in the external environment. Acute stress has a profound impact on cognitive processing, especially the core function working memory. However, inconsistent behavioral influence by acute stress exists in a plethora of previous studies. We therefore review the empirical results, and systematically summarize the findings. From three perspectives, methods to induce stress, working memory tasks/sub-components, and subjects’ individual differences, we can better explain the physiological and psychological mechanisms underlying the influence of acute stress on working memory. We proposed that the influence could be better understood from views of cognitive neural mechanisms. Future studies should jointly consider these extensive factors of stress and translate findings from basic research into intervention and regulation of negative effects of acute stress.

Key words: acute stress, working memory, prefrontal cortex, sympathetic nervous system, hypothalamic- pituitary-adrenal axis