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CN 11-4766/R

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    Zeitgeist and Contemporary Psychology
    Jing Qicheng, Zhang Hang
    null    2005, 13 (02): 129-138.  
    Abstract7828)           
    Zeitgeist is the dominant ideology of a historical era, reflecting the main trend of social, philosophical, and scientific thoughts of that period in time. Zeitgeist has an impact on the course of scientific thinking, its influence on the development of psychology is evident. The paper describes how the Zeitgeist affected the development of psychology in the 20th century. At the beginning of the century Behaviorism originated and flourished in the atmosphere of American pragmatism. In the second half of the century, the advent of knowledge-based economy gave birth to cognitive psychology. While in the beginning of the 21st century the world is undergoing a globalization process, and brings with it extended exchanges in psychology-the internationalization of psychology. The paper commented on some current and future salient features of psychological science.
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    Statistical Remedies for Common Method Biases
    Zhou Hao,Long Lirong
    null    2004, 12 (06): 942-942~950.  
    Abstract5211)           
    The problem of common method biases has being given more and more attention in the field of psychology, but there is little research about it in China, and the effects of common method bias are not well controlled. Generally, there are two ways of controlling common method biases, procedural remedies and statistical remedies. In this paper, statistical remedies for common method biases are provided, such as factor analysis, partial correlation, latent method factor, structural equation model, and their advantages and disadvantages are analyzed separately. Finally, suggestions of how to choose these remedies are given.
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    Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Aggression Behaviors
    Ni Fengkun
    null    2005, 13 (01): 66-71.  
    Abstract4800)           
    The traditional opinion was that low self-esteem easily caused aggression. But they have been suspected recently. Some experiments proved that people with low self-esteem were likely to be bullied; Salmivalli and others thought that some ones with high self-esteem had aggressiveness, but others not; Bushman, Baumeister et al. considered that there was no relation between self-esteem and aggression, except for high correlation of narcissism and aggression. In general , at present, many conclusions all verified threatened egotism and heterogeneity of high self-esteem, although it is difficult to clear the relation between self-esteem and aggression.
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    Relationship between Color Terms and Color Cognition
    Liu Haoming,Zhang Jijia,Liu Lihong
    null    2005, 13 (01): 10-16.  
    Abstract4740)           
    As a special kind, the research on the color term leads to a clearer understanding of the relationship between language and cognition. This article presented a summary of recent research on the nature of color terms and color categories, specially introduced two different theories: color naming universality and linguistic relativity hypothesis. Finally, the future trends and approaches in this field are predicted and new research approaches are provided, including research on association meaning of color terms, color terms and nationality, processing on multiple color terms, synaesthesia, concept structure of color terms.
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    A Review of Paternalistic Leadership Research
    Zhou Hao,Long Lirong
    null    2005, 13 (02): 227-238.  
    Abstract4739)           
    Paternalistic leadership (PL) was based on Chinese traditional culture and different from western leadership theories. It was a basic character of organizations in Chinese culture, and had been found to be prevalent in kinds of Chinese organizations. Authoritarianism, benevolence, and moral leadership were regarded as three elements of paternalistic leadership. In this paper, a review of paternalistic leadership research was given and the deep cultural roots of PL were analyzed, the three-elements theory of paternalistic leadership and PLS (paternalistic leadership scale) were introduced. At last, the problems of PL research and research orientation are provided, for example, effectiveness of PL in specific fields and the relationships between the three elements of PL should be given more attention in the future
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    Social Identity Theory and It’s Development
    Zhang Yingrui,  Zuo Bin
    null    2006, 14 (03): 475-480.  
    Abstract4613)           
    Social identity theory, developed by Tajfel and Turner et al.,which made new explanations to the group behavior, has become the most influential theory in the field of intergroup relation. The social identity theory developed from the explanations for intergroup behavior, it proposed that group identity is the fundamental cause of intergroup behavior. Recent research provides much evidence for the theory, The social identity theory is important achievement of European psychology localization and has important contributions to the social psychology. At the same time it also waits for further consummates
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    Gender Differences of Empathy
    CHEN Wuying; LU Jiamei; LIU Lianqi; LIN Wenyi
    Advances in Psychological Science    2014, 22 (9): 1423-1434.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.01423
    Abstract4462)           

    This review provides a brief introduction to the research of empathy, focusing on the differences of genders and the reason why there are such differences. Empathy is defined as the propensity of “share and understand other’s feelings during interpersonal interaction”, which includes cognitive empathy and emotional empathy. Empathy has no gender differences in the preschool stage. During the stage of primary and secondary school, gender differences can be found. The gender differences of empathy are related to two main factors. One factor is the degree of physiological maturity. As we grow older, hormone are different between female and male. Female have more oxytocin, which is positive to emotional empathy. While male have more testosterone, which is negative related to cognitive empathy. Consequently, gender differences of empathy begin to appear. The other factor is the gender role. The orientation of woman’s gender role is focusing on others, which is directly related to empathy. However, the orientation of man’s gender role is focusing on justice and equity, which has no relation to empathy. After acquiring the gender role, man and woman have differences in empathy and especially in emotional empathy. Although much progress has been made in the field of differences of empathy development, much work should be done in the future. On the theory construction, we can try to distinguish empathy by the dimension of capacity and disposition. On the visual angle, we can study gender differences of empathy through the interaction of age, culture and gender. Lastly, we should empathize the influencing factors of empathy in our research.

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    Quantitative Analysis on the Journals in Psychology from SCI & SSCI
    Zhu Yinmei, Liu Xia, Miao Li
    null    2005, 13 (01): 119-125.  
    Abstract4450)           
    Based on bibliometric methods, the authors made statistical analysis and contrastive research on the 455 journals in psychology from 2004 SCI/SSCI by means of JCR in order to find their characteristics and existing problems.The most influential 28 kinds of international journals in psychology in 2004 are recommended for Chinese psychological researchers’reference in terms of qualities of publishing and choices of submitting. Discipline orientation of psychology and citation issues of Chinese journals in psychology were also discussed.
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    The Development and Prospect of Self-enhancement Researches
    Dong Yan,Yu Guoliang
    null    2005, 13 (02): 178-185.  
    Abstract4358)           
    Self-enhancement researches were important topics of personal and social psychology. Self-enhancement was conceptualized by comparing between perceived self and perceived other or by comparing self-perception and Criterion. And a new interpersonal approach about self-enhancement was based on SRM. Measures of socially desirable responding, intrapsychic measures, criterion discrepancy measures, measures in round-robin design, and the over-claiming technique were the main measures of self-enhancement. Researches of relations between self-enhancement and mental health, biological profiles, self-esteem, performance were main researches domains. The cross-culture research of self-enhancement was introduced. At last, the prospect of self-enhancement researches was discussed
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    Reconceptuation of Self-monitoring
    Xiao Chonghao
    null    2005, 13 (02): 186-193.  
    Abstract4263)           
    Snyder(1974)developed self-monitoring to interpret the individual differences in self-presentation. He suggested that concerning for the situational appropriateness of their behaviors, and being sensitive to the cues of situations, using them to guide their self-presentation behavior characterize high self-monitors. The review of my paper have suggested that the Snyder’s definition to the high self-monitoring may be faulty. With the analysis of the function and the process of self-presentation, this paper supposed that people must maintain interpersonal harmony and self harmony in order to make a desired impression. In term of the two dimension, theoretically, there are the four kinds of people in the self-presentation process: the high self-monitors not only maintain self harmony but also interpersonal harmony. The other-directed monitors just maintain interpersonal harmony; self-directed monitors only maintain self harmony, the low self-monitoring maintain neither self harmony nor interpersonal harmony
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    The Ability Model of Emotional Intelligence
    Peng Zhengmin, Lin Xunhui, Zhang Jiming, Che Hongsheng
    null    2004, 12 (06): 817-817~823.  
    Abstract4194)           
    There is a growing interest in the concept and research of Emotional Intelligence(EI), and there is a big progress occurred. The theory of the ability model is the influential one, which takes the EI as a independent component of Intelligence and make a deep consideration of the nature of the concept and relevant issues of measurement. In this paper, the present researches are reviewed briefly.
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    An Ecological Perspective of the Relationship Between Internet Use and Adolescents’ Self-identity
    Lei Li,Chen Meng
    null    2005, 13 (02): 169-177.  
    Abstract4191)           
    The internet has been penetrating into almost every part of our life, affecting the society and everybody, comprehensively and greatly, especially for adolescents, who are at the critical stage of their lives. Based on Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory of human development, from four facets, including microsystem, mesosystem, macrosystem, and adolescents themselves who locate the center of the ecological system, this article dissertated thoroughly the close relationships between internet use and adolescents’ self-identity. Then some primary knowledge about internet use’s influence on adolescents’ physical and mental development was provided
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    Review of Contextual Performance
    Shen Zhengrong,Wang Erping
    null    2004, 12 (06): 924-924~931.  
    Abstract4121)           
    Borman and Motowidlo introduced contextual performance based on organizational citizenship behavior in 1993. Contrasting with task performance, contextual performance is composite of three dimensions: behaviors benefiting others, behaviors benefiting organizations and behaviors benefiting jobs. Personality and job characteristics are main factors that influence contextual performance. Contextual performance can contribute to organizational performance, personnel selection, personnel train and performance evaluation. At last, the authors point out some inspirations from the review.
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    An Introduction of the Researches of Employee Assistance Programs
    Wang Yanfei
    null    2005, 13 (02): 219-226.  
    Abstract4022)           
    Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs) are organization funded resource offered to workers and directed at personal, family and work-related problems that might interfere with worker performance and/or health. This article aims at some important aspects about the researches of Employee Assistance Programs, Introduced the conception and definition, origin and development, structure, effective measurement, execute modes, antecedents and consequences of Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs), discussed some drawbacks in this field, some suggestions of future researches are raised
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    Feedback in Second Language Learning
    Sun Yanqing
    null    2005, 13 (02): 156-161.  
    Abstract4016)           
    In second language learning, feedback refers to the evaluative information available to learners concerning their linguistic performance. The concept and types of feedback, the role it plays in second language learning and the characteristics of effective feedback are analyzed. The feedback will be most valuable when done judiciously, appropriately focused, with the consideration of the limitation of learners’ cognitive resources, in an affectively supportive manner. The pedagogical implications of the research on feedback and the areas for future studies are also discussed
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    Psychological Researches on Internet Addiction
    Chen Xia, Huang Xiting, Bai Gang
    null    2003, 11 (03): 355-359.  
    Abstract3988)           
    Internet addiction is a type of psychological dependence on internet use, and there are a lot of similarities and differences between it and traditional addictions. So far only a few measurements was developed so well that the reliabilities haven’t ever been criticized by many researchers. In the same time, in most of the cases, the researchers have studied the phenomenon by the only way of survey, while few of them have designed any strict experiments to study it . However some of the researchers have brought about several models to interpret the phenomenon, such as, Young with the ACE Model, Davis with the Cognitive-Behavioral Model and Grohol with the Stage Mode, who have done some good jobs in the exploration of the relationships between internet addiction and the addictive features of internet itself, the personality traits of the internet users and the surroundings around them.
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    The Debate on Perception-Action Double-System Theory of Vision
    Zhang Hang, Fu Xiaolan
    null    2005, 13 (01): 1-9.  
    Abstract3946)           
    Perception-action double-system theory of vision argues that the ventral and dorsal streams are distinct systems whose functions are, separately, representing the world and directing the action, which associates with dissociation in their processing. Views on the relation between the two pathways fall into two classes: traditional views that deny such a perception-action division, and cooperative views that emphasize interaction between the two systems. This article summarizes the key issues, empirical evidences, and contributions of each theory/view, and analyzes the conditions that visual processing takes place in a certain system, then concludes that the relative function division between the two systems leads to variety in visual processing.
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    The Appropriate Effect Sizes and Their Calculations in Psychological Research
    ZHENG Hao-Min;WEN Zhong-Lin;WU Yan
    null    2011, 19 (12): 1868-1878.  
    Abstract3923)           
    Effect sizes are important supplement of the null hypothesis significance testing. More and more academic journals request authors provide the effect sizes of their researches. Our purpose is to provide a guideline on how to compute the appropriate effect sizes of different researches and data types. We classified the effect sizes into three types, including difference-type, correlation-type and group-overlap. For each type of the effect sizes, there are different approaches of calculations and applications under different research designs (e.g., single-factor/multifactor between-subjects, single-factor/multifactor within-subjects) and data conditions (e.g., small sample size, heterogeneity of variance). Many effect sizes, however, can be transformed from one type to another. We summarized a table that may help readers to choose appropriate effect sizes for their researches based on the research purposes and research designs.
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    A Review on Studies of Lying and Lie-detection
    ZHANG Ting-Yu;ZHANG Yu-Qing
    null    2008, 16 (04): 651-660.  
    Abstract3757)           
    Studies on lying and lie-detection by western psychologists in last half-century are mainly concerned with lie-detection accuracy and the way to improve detection ability. Empirical findings indicate that lying is a fact of everyday life; general detection accuracy is not greater than chance; people’s beliefs about lying cues, which are defined as the verbal and non-verbal differences between truth-telling and lying, are not in accordance with the real picture revealed by the psychologists. Moderators of cues to deception and detection accuracy include motivation, interactivity, personality differences, context, et al. Lying behavior shows some unique features in computer-mediated-communication
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    The Psychological Research of Forgiveness
    Luo Chunming, Huang Xiting
    null    2004, 12 (06): 908-908~915.  
    Abstract3749)           
    This article introduces the implications of forgiveness in Chinese, Bible and the New Testament, and discusses the operative definitions of forgiveness. It expounds briefly three main methods that are usually applied in forgiveness research, which are narrative method, questionnaire method, experiment method. Finally this article expounds the determinants of interpersonal forgiveness, which are empathy, responsibility attribution, consequence of offense, apology, interpersonal relation, personality, culture background.
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