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    Social Identity Theory and It’s Development
    Zhang Yingrui,  Zuo Bin
    null    2006, 14 (03): 475-480.  
    Social identity theory, developed by Tajfel and Turner et al.,which made new explanations to the group behavior, has become the most influential theory in the field of intergroup relation. The social identity theory developed from the explanations for intergroup behavior, it proposed that group identity is the fundamental cause of intergroup behavior. Recent research provides much evidence for the theory, The social identity theory is important achievement of European psychology localization and has important contributions to the social psychology. At the same time it also waits for further consummates
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    An Introduction of Researches and Theory of Organizational Innovation Climate
    Wang Yanfei, Zhu Yu
    null    2006, 14 (03): 443-449.  
    organizational innovation climate is the perception employees hold about innovation in the organization and it consists of workers’ feelings, attitudes, and behavioral tendencies measured by their perceptions. The purpose of this paper is to discuss some important aspects about the theory and research of organizational innovation climate, presenting the origin of the concept,formation procedure, construct and measurement, summarizes some drawbacks in this field, several interesting directions for future research are raised
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     Anthropomorphism: Antecedents and consequences
    XU Liying, YU Feng, WU Jiahua, HAN Tingting, ZHAO Liang
    Advances in Psychological Science    2017, 25 (11): 1942-1954.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.01942
     Anthropomorphism refers to the psychological process or individual difference of imbuing nonhuman agents with humanlike characteristics, motivations, intentions, or mental states. Elicited agent knowledge, effectance motivation, and sociality motivation have been found as the three key determinants of anthropomorphism. Existing research mainly focused on anthropomorphism of nature, super-nature, animals, machines, brands, and products. Previous research found that, anthropomorphizing nature contributed to pro-environment behavior, while anthropomorphism of animals, machines, brands or products had diversified forms and ambiguous consequences. Future research might be mainly conducted in human-robot interaction area, as well as the relationship between anthropomorphism and cuteness.
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    Research Paradigms and Theoretical Models of Social Exclusion
    null    2011, 19 (6): 905-915.  
    Social exclusion is regarded as a common phenomenon which has great influence on individual and society. It also has a variety of paradigms that include rejection paradigm, ostracism paradigm, life alone paradigm, and so on, and models that consist of temporal need-threat model, multimotive model, emotional numbness and self-control failure theory. The effects of social exclusion on basic needs, emotion, and self-esteem are still in the arguments. The developments of paradigm application and ecological validity as well as the explorations on social exclusion origins and results in the future are being ignited, as to the localization are also raised.
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    The relationship between rumination and attention disengagement and the underlying neural mechanism
    LIU Qipeng, ZHAO Xiaoyun, WANG Cuiyan, XU Yiya, WANG Shuyan
    Advances in Psychological Science    2021, 29 (1): 102-111.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2021.00102
    Rumination is a repetitively negative thinking which bring individual’s attention on negative and painful thoughts. Studies have shown that, rumination and impaired attentional disengagement are independent concepts, yet with closed connection. Impaired attentional disengagement can predict individual’s rumination, while impaired attentional disengagement related to rumination may be controlled by consciousness. Meanwhile, the role of rumination type and self-relevance between rumination and impaired attentional disengagement needs further exploration. In addition, training related to impaired attention disengagement significantly improves individuals’ rumination. And the excessive activation of amygdala, dysregulation of anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) for self-related negative information, abnormal activation of right dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), structural and functional abnormalities of the brain neural networks associated with attention may be the reasons for the interaction between rumination and impaired attention disengagement.
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    Pointing Gestures: Evidence from Animal Communication System
    LI Heng
    Advances in Psychological Science    2014, 22 (9): 1496-1503.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.01496

    Pointing gestures are usually defined as the manual movements pointing to an object or location. Whether Pointing gestures are unique to human communication system is a question of intense psychological research. A comprehensive review of the main theories and related debates suggests that animals may not only have the ability to use pointing gestures, but also can interpret the social cognitive intentionality behind pointing gestures. We conclude that future researches on pointing gestures should integrate psychology, linguistics, biology and other multidisciplinary integration. We also offer suggestions for overcoming the drawbacks of research samples, experiment task and research method.

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    Explanatory mechanism and theoretical model of unethical pro-organizational behavior
    YAN Qiusi, SUI Yang, HAO Xuejing
    Advances in Psychological Science    2021, 29 (2): 338-352.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2021.00338
    Unethical Pro-organizational Behavior (UPB) defines the unethical behaviors of the organization's employees to protect the organization's interests. UPB is difficult to be identified in the organization, but it may bring negative effects to the organization. Due to the pro-organizational and immoral nature, the research of UPB has attracted wide attention from all walks of life. Therefore, it is necessary to clarify the origin and definition of UPB. It is also necessary to learn from the interpretation path of "unethical behavior" to theoretically summarize the progress. This progress is made in the research on the cause of UPB from the explanatory mechanisms of rational decision and intuitive judgment to form a theoretical model. On such a basis, future research directions are proposed: the study of Unethical Pro-leader Behavior (UPLB) and Unethical Pro-group Behavior (UPGB); the moderating effect of corporate ownership on UPB in China; and the impact of role stress on UPB.
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     Fear of missing out: What have I missed again?
    CHAI Huan You, NIU Geng Feng, CHU Xiao Wei, WEI Qi, SONG Yu Hong, SUN Xiao Jun
    Advances in Psychological Science    2018, 26 (3): 527-537.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00527
     Fear of missing out (FoMO) refers to the pervasive apprehension resulting from worries that others might be experiencing fantastic stories or positive events from which one is absent. FoMO is determined by various factors such as personality traits, psychological needs, social media usage and age. FoMO would exert great impacts on social media usage and psychosocial adaptation. Meanwhile, FoMO can act as a mediator through which some factors influence social media usage and psychological adaption. The key issues of future studies on FoMO are the discrimination of contiguous concept, improvement of measurement and research method, as well as investigation of influencing factors and aftereffects.
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    Testosterone and human decision-making
    LIAO Jiajun, LI Hong, WU Yin
    Advances in Psychological Science    2019, 27 (9): 1607-1621.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01607

    Testosterone is one of the steroid hormones (i.e. androgen). Early research has shown that testosterone played a large role in the human aggressive and impulsive behavior. There is increasing interest in the effects of testosterone on human decision-making, including social (i.e. trust, cooperation, altruism, and competition) and economic decision-making (i.e. risk taking). In general, there is a positive association between testosterone level and risk-seeking behavior in economic decision-making. In the social domain, high testosterone levels are associated with more aggressive, dominant, and fairness behavior. Testosterone administration also reduced interpersonal trust. Note that some findings are hard to replicate, and more research is needed to investigate potential moderators. Future research could fruitfully explore the role of testosterone in consumer decision-making, adolescent’s social behavior and clinical application.

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    Is catharsis beneficial or harmful? The psychological intervention effect and potential harm of catharsis
    ZHAN Jun, XU Hongfei, REN Jun, LUO Jing
    Advances in Psychological Science    2020, 28 (1): 22-32.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00022

    The theory of catharsis believes that venting can effectively alleviate anger and aggressive impulses. However, a large number of experimental studies about the effects of direct catharsis, indirect catharsis and target catharsis on aggression have revealed the potential harm of catharsis on aggression and its functional mechanism, the catharsis can’t reduce anger but increase aggression through factors such as cognitive processing. Even so, the public still favors this seemingly convenient way of regulating emotion, for example catharsis equipment has become the standard equipment of psychological counseling institutions. This not only suggests people's unilateral cognition of psychological catharsis, but also reflects the lack of scientific and standardized construction of our social psychological service system. Future research should focused on the potential problems and its possible solutions in the current widespread application of catharsis equipment that used as a mean of modern psychological intervention.

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    The characteristics, dimensions and psychological effect of social categorization
    Bin ZUO, Fangfang WEN, Jingjing SONG, Taotao DAI
    Advances in Psychological Science    2019, 27 (1): 141-148.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00141

    Social categorization is a subjective process in which an individual classifies others into groups based on perceived similarities. Social categories are often automatic, flexible and multifaceted, including dimensions of both natural cues (such as gender, age and race) and social cues (such as language, occupation and social status). In such multidimensional social categories (e.g., “rich old celibate bachelor”), some of the constituent categorical dimensions contribute disproportionately to the traits attributed to the category overall. This is termed the “dominant dimension effect,” and is influenced by the valence of the dimensions. Different dimensions will also interact with each other, resulting in a cross-categorization effect. We review these effects in the context of social categorization, and highly important questions that remain for social psychologists interested in processing mechanism of social categorization from the perspective of observer, actor and social situation.

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    Engineering psychology in the era of artificial intelligence
    XU Wei, GE Liezhong
    Advances in Psychological Science    2020, 28 (9): 1409-1425.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.01409

    Intelligent technology provides new opportunities for the research and applications of engineering psychology. To this end, a work framework of engineering psychology in the intelligent era is proposed. The framework includes the objectives of engineering psychology research and applications, core problem space, disciplinary philosophy, focus of research and applications, methods and so on. The human-machine relationship in the intelligent era has presented a new form: the human-machine cooperation in the form of human-machine teaming. “Human-centered artificial intelligence” should be the discipline philosophy of engineering psychology in the intelligent era. Aiming at intelligent technology, engineering psychology researchers have recently begun to carry out research work on the theoretical framework and basic issues surrounding the new human-machine relationship, mental construct, shared decision-making between human and machine, and the interaction design for intelligent systems. In order to effectively support the research and development of intelligent systems, new and enhanced methods of engineering psychology are summarized. Finally, specific suggestions are given for addressing the challenges faced by engineering psychology.

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    Game-based psychological assessment
    XU Junyi, LI Zhongquan
    Advances in Psychological Science    2021, 29 (3): 394-403.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2021.00394
    Game-Based Psychological Assessment (GBPA) refers to the evaluation of a person's ability, personality, and other psychological characteristics through games or gamified activities. In the early days, it was mainly used to evaluate the effectiveness of education and training, and later extended to assessing psychological characteristics. As a new technology, game-based assessment has advantages in terms of form, process and outcome. Currently, a paradigm based on evidence-centered design has been developed in game-based assessment to design instruments and to conduct empirical studies. This paradigm has been applied to assessing individual differences in cognitive and non-cognitive abilities. However, this technique is still in its infancy. Future research can be further expanded in task design, data mining, and practical application.
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    Relationship between resilience and well-being in elders: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    YE Jing, ZHANG Xufan
    Advances in Psychological Science    2021, 29 (2): 202-217.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2021.00202
    A meta-analysis was conducted to explore the effect of elders’ resilience and well-being. There were 42 documents and 75 independent samples (N = 12856) in total meet the criteria of meta-analysis. Results revealed significant positive relationships between elders’ resilience and their well-being, satisfaction with life, positive emotions, revealed a significant negative relationship between elders’ resilience and negative emotion. In addition, the relationships between resilience, well-being, satisfaction with life, positive emotions and negative emotion was moderated by resilience measurements, cultural background, literature quality, year of the literature, sample size and age of sample. The results provided not only more accurate estimates for predicting elders’ well-being by resilience, but also insights for future research of successful aging.
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    What Is Emotional Contagion? The Concept and Mechanism of Emotional Contagion
    ZHANG Qiyong;LU Jiamei
    Advances in Psychological Science    2013, 21 (9): 1596-1604.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.01596
    After studying the literature available about emotional contagion, we found that there existed two different perspectives in the concept of emotional contagion: One is primitive emotional contagion, which considers the emotional contagion as an automatic and unconscious process, and the other is conscious emotional contagion, which sees the emotional contagion as a consciousness-involved process. The reasons of the differences suggested researchers could not distinguish between types of emotional information, i.e. low-level emotional information and high-level emotional information, and between differences in emotional transference mechanism for the both. As a result, the meanings of emotional contagion expanded more and more, and could not indicate what the exact concept was. Disagreements on the concept of emotional contagion brought about a distinction between views of its mechanism. In this article we traced the origin of “contagion” in order to deduce what the emotional contagion is, and made clear what kind of emotional information could be transmitted by emotional contagion. We suggested that only low-level emotional information could be transferred by emotional contagion, and emotional contagion was an automatic, nonconscious process. At the end of the paper, the mechanism of emotional contagion was discussed on the base of above-defined concept and the literature available. The mechanism of emotional contagion: Perception→(Mimicry→Feedback (eliciting mirror neurons))→Emotion.
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    Science Creativity and Art Creativity: Priming Effect and Domain Influences YI Xinfa; HU Weiping
    YI Xinfa;HU Weiping
    Advances in Psychological Science    2013, 21 (1): 22-30.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.00022
    Effectively enhancing creativity is an essential issue in the domain of creativity study and practice. The mechanism of creativity expression procession and influence factors should be clarified before the application of any intervention method. Current studies aim to explore the individual psychological mechanism of science and art creativity expression and its external affecting factors by priming experiments of science and art creativity with the students from different domains. The main objective is to construct priming models of creativity promoting through examining motivation, sample and self- priming styles. Furthermore, domain influences will be analyzed from comparing the rating of artistic and scientific works made by students majored in art and science. Empirical findings accelerated by the series of studies would outline a blue print for creativity enhancing practically and theoretically.
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    Video Game Transfer Phenomena: Type, Manifestation and Mechanism
    WU Silan; ZHOU Zongkui; NIU Gengfeng; LIU Meiting
    Advances in Psychological Science    2015, 23 (6): 1041-1051.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01041

    Video game transfer phenomena refer to the effects of video games on individuals in non-game situations. As research furthers, the focus of researchers changes from game players’ own characteristics to the effects of video games on the players in non-game situations. Based on the relevant literature of video game transfer phenomena, we proposed a clear definition and classification of video game transfer phenomena, and outline several key factors that influence on video game transfer phenomena: game’characteristics, individual factors and actual environmental factors, and different manifestations in cognition, emotion, attitude and action. On this basis, we point out that future research should integrate influential factors of video game transfer phenomena, improve related research methods and broaden the applications in the research field.

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    Embodied Cognition: A New Approach in Cognitive Psychology
    YE Hao-Sheng
    null    2010, 18 (05): 705-710.  
    The embodied cognition approach in cognitive psychology is featured as the emphasis it places on the role the body plays in an organism’s cognitive processes. Its central meanings include the following claims: (1) steps in a cognitive process might emerge from the physical attributes of the body; (2) it tries to account for the content of cognition by appeal to the nature of the body; (3) cognitive processes or states might be extended into the environment in which the cognition takes place. At first, the study of embodied cognition is only a kinds of philosophical thinking. But now, It has already extended to the experimental study of cognitive psychology. However, there are still some burning problems before it.
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    The Pattern and Cognitive Mechanism of Visual Multiple Object Tracking
    WEI Liu-Qing;ZHANG Xue-Min;LIU Bing;LU Xue-Ming;LI Ying-Di
    null    2010, 18 (12): 1919-1925.  
    Most of the attention researches investigate the single-focus attention and are based on static visual information. Pylyshyn’s (1988) Multiple Object Tracking (MOT) is a widely used paradigm in the study of limited capacity mechanism in multiple tracking, which, in comparison, is based on a dynamic situation. Multiple Identity Tracking (MIT), derived from MOT, that each object carrying an unique identity, is used to study more complicated cognitive process, such as attention, visual working memory. The study of the cognitive mechanisms in MOT and MIT will help us understanding the cognitive process of dynamic information in real and virtual world.
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