Please wait a minute...
   2011, Vol. 19 Issue (6) : 843-852     DOI:
研究前沿 |
The Neural Mechanisms of Category Learning and Application
ZUO Bin;ZHANG Xiao-Bin
(1 School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China)
(2 Hubei Human Development and Mental Health Key Laboratory, Wuhan 430079, China)
Download: PDF(217 KB)  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  The neural mechanisms of category learning and application (including non-human objects categorization and social categorization) were reviewed. Category learning is mainly relevant to neocortex, medial temporal lobe, basal ganglia and midbrain dopaminergic system. Different category learning tasks may activate different connections among these nervous systems. As for the classification of non-human objects, the involved neural mechanisms vary with the type, level, familiarity and similarity of the objects. In addition, the salience and uncertainty of the objects can affect neural responses of categorization. In different stages of the categorization process, there would be corresponding ERP components. For social categorization, people pay attention to out-group firstly, then process in-group deeper than out-group. P200 and N200 are the specific ERP components to distinguish out-group and in-group. Out-group activates the amygdala, and in-group activates fusiform gyrus and posterior cingulate cortex. Finally, the authors compared neural mechanisms of categorization of the human beings and the primate, and suggested the integration of the neural mechanisms of social categorization and non-human object categorization and comparison of neural mechanisms of categorization between human beings and primates should be paid more attention in future studies.
Keywords category learning      categorization of non-human objects      social categorization      primates’ categorization      neural mechanism     
Corresponding Authors: ZUO Bin   
Issue Date: 15 June 2011
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
ZUO Bin
ZHANG Xiao-Bin
Cite this article:   
ZUO Bin,ZHANG Xiao-Bin. The Neural Mechanisms of Category Learning and Application[J]. , 2011, 19(6): 843-852.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2011/V19/I6/843
[1] ZHANG Xiuping, ZHANG Yuping, YANG Xiaohong, YANG Yufang.  Emotion comprehension in discourse and its cognitive neural mechanism[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(8): 1289-1298.
[2] HE Jinbo, NIE Yufeng, ZHOU Zongkui, CHAI Yao.  Are both neural mechanisms of Internet gaming and heroin addicts the same? Research evidence based on MRI[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(8): 1327-1336.
[3] ZHONG Yiping, ZHAN Youlong, LI Jin, FAN Wei.  Study on the mechanism and intervention of moral decision: Effects of self-relevance and risk level[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(7): 1093-1102.
[4] JIN Yuchang, DING Meiyue.  Predictive factors and the neurophysiological mechanism of postpartum depression[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(7): 1145-1161.
[5] GUO Xiuyan, ZHENG Li, CHENG Xuemei, LIU Yingjie, LI Lin.  The cognitive and neural mechanisms of perception of unfairness and related decision-making process[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(6): 903-911.
[6] HUANG Yun; CHENG Liang; QU Yili; ZHAO Qingbai; ZHOU Zhijin. Animal innovation: The simplest flash of intelligence[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(5): 799-809.
[7] LUO Yu; GAO Peng; ZHAO Shouying; ZHANG Yu. How acute stress affects attentional engagement and attentional disengagement towards threat: A neural mechanism study[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(3): 381-392.
[8] SUN Hailong; XING Qiang; LI Aimei. The influence of working memory on perceptual category learning: Problem and conception[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(3): 424-430.
[9] WANG Caiyu; LEI Li. The connotation, influence factors and mechanism of herding effect in online shopping context[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(2): 298-311.
[10] MENG Jing; SHEN Lin. Empathy in individuals with autism spectrum disorder: Symptoms, theories and neural mechanisms[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(1): 59-66.
[11] WANG Qi; HU Jinsheng; LI Chengshi; LI Songze; . The emotional prosody recognition in autism spectrum disorders[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(9): 1377-1390.
[12] YANG Wen-Jing; JIN Yu-Le; CHEN Qun-Lin; SUN Jiang-Zhou; TONG Dan-Dan; . The creative components and neural mechanism of prototype heuristics in scientific innovation[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(8): 1139-1146.
[13] YANG Yingkai; LIU Yanling. The cognitive neural mechanism of depressive rumination[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(7): 1042-1049.
[14] ZHOU Linshu; JIANG Cunmei. Neurocognitive mechanisms underlying the representations of philosophical concepts in music[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(6): 855-862.
[15] JIN Yuchang; WU Jing. The Effects of Oxytocin on Emotion Recognition and Its Mechanisms[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(6): 934-945.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Advances in Psychological Science
Support by Beijing Magtech