Please wait a minute...
Advances in Psychological Science    2015, Vol. 23 Issue (7) : 1205-1215     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01205
Regular Articles |
The Neural Basis of Joint Attention and Early Intervention in Children with Autism
CHEN Lu; ZHANG Ting; LI Quan; FENG Tingyong
(Research center of Psychology and Social Development, Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
Download: PDF(365 KB)  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  

Autism spectrum disorders are viewed as a pervasive developmental disorder with complex neural basis, displayed marked deficits in joint attention in early infancy. Joint attention (JA) is a skill in which two people share attention with respect to interesting objects or events, and it is crucial for social cognitive development. Firstly, we compared the developmental characteristics of joint attention in autistic and typical developing children from the perspective of social cognitive development. The differences are mainly embodied in behavioral deficits, such as gaze shifting, showing and sharing. Based on the parallel and distributed information processing model of JA, we focused on the neural basis of two types of joint attention in autism: responding to joint attention (RJA) involves the posterior cortical attention network (parietal and temporal cortex mostly, e.g. pSTS and IPS); Initiating joint attention (IJA) involves the anterior cortical attention network (frontal cortex mostly, e.g. cingulate cortex and MPFC). In addition, we summarized two basic approaches: discrete trail teaching (DTT) and pivotal response training (PRT), and discussed the advanced model and effectiveness evaluation of joint attention intervention. Future studies should focus on the development, brain networks and functional connections of joint attention in children with autism, as well as providing useful early interventions.

Keywords autism      joint attention      attention network      neural mechanism      intervention     
Corresponding Authors: FENG Tingyong, E-mail: fengty0@swu.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 15 July 2015
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
CHEN Lu
ZHANG Ting
LI Quan
FENG Tingyong
Cite this article:   
CHEN Lu,ZHANG Ting,LI Quan, et al. The Neural Basis of Joint Attention and Early Intervention in Children with Autism[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(7): 1205-1215.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01205     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2015/V23/I7/1205
[1] ZHANG Xiuping, ZHANG Yuping, YANG Xiaohong, YANG Yufang.  Emotion comprehension in discourse and its cognitive neural mechanism[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(8): 1289-1298.
[2] WANG Fenfen, ZHU Zhuohong.  Relational frame theory: It’s application in children with autism spectrum disorders[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(8): 1321-1326.
[3] HE Jinbo, NIE Yufeng, ZHOU Zongkui, CHAI Yao.  Are both neural mechanisms of Internet gaming and heroin addicts the same? Research evidence based on MRI[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(8): 1327-1336.
[4] ZHONG Yiping, ZHAN Youlong, LI Jin, FAN Wei.  Study on the mechanism and intervention of moral decision: Effects of self-relevance and risk level[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(7): 1093-1102.
[5] JIN Yuchang, DING Meiyue.  Predictive factors and the neurophysiological mechanism of postpartum depression[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(7): 1145-1161.
[6] GUO Xiuyan, ZHENG Li, CHENG Xuemei, LIU Yingjie, LI Lin.  The cognitive and neural mechanisms of perception of unfairness and related decision-making process[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(6): 903-911.
[7] CHEN Xiao, ZHOU Hui, WANG Yu Yin.  To be a mindful parent: Theories, mechanisms and interventions of mindful parenting[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(6): 989-1002.
[8] HUANG Yun; CHENG Liang; QU Yili; ZHAO Qingbai; ZHOU Zhijin. Animal innovation: The simplest flash of intelligence[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(5): 799-809.
[9] WANG Tong; YANG Qing; HUANG Xiting. The double-edged effect and mechanism of episodic future thinking on goal attainment[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(5): 846-856.
[10] LUO Yu; GAO Peng; ZHAO Shouying; ZHANG Yu. How acute stress affects attentional engagement and attentional disengagement towards threat: A neural mechanism study[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(3): 381-392.
[11] CHEN Mingrui; ZHOU Ping. Ecological momentary assessment and intervention of substance use[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(2): 247-252.
[12] WANG Caiyu; LEI Li. The connotation, influence factors and mechanism of herding effect in online shopping context[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(2): 298-311.
[13] YAN Yu; LI Jiali. Beyond incivility in the workplace: Using civility interventions to proactively deescalate workplace incivility[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(2): 319-330.
[14] MENG Jing; SHEN Lin. Empathy in individuals with autism spectrum disorder: Symptoms, theories and neural mechanisms[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(1): 59-66.
[15] WANG Qi; HU Jinsheng; LI Chengshi; LI Songze; . The emotional prosody recognition in autism spectrum disorders[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(9): 1377-1390.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Advances in Psychological Science
Support by Beijing Magtech