ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (7): 759-771.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2019.00759

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

不同SOA下视觉返回抑制对视听觉整合的调节作用

彭姓1, 常若松1, 李奇2, 王爱君3(), 唐晓雨1()   

  1. 1 辽宁师范大学 心理学院, 辽宁省儿童青少年健康人格评定与培养协同创新中心, 大连 116029
    2 长春理工大学 计算机科学技术学院, 长春 130022
    3 苏州大学 心理学系, 心理与行为科学研究中心, 苏州 215123
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-21 出版日期:2019-07-25 发布日期:2019-05-22
  • 通讯作者: 王爱君,唐晓雨 E-mail:ajwang@suda.edu.cn;tangyu-2006@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金项目(31600882);国家自然科学基金项目(31700939);国家自然科学基金项目(61773076);江苏省基础研究计划(BK20170333);辽宁省高水平创新团队国(境)外培养项目资助(2018LNGXGJWPY-YB015)

Visually induced inhibition of return affects the audiovisual integration under different SOA conditions

PENG Xing1, CHANG Ruosong1, LI Qi2, WANG Aijun3(), TANG Xiaoyu1()   

  1. 1 School of Psychology, Liaoning Collaborative Innovation Center of Children and Adolescents Healthy Personality Assessment and Cultivation, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
    2 School of Computer Science and Technology, Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun 130022, China
    3 Department of Psychology, Research Center for Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
  • Received:2018-05-21 Online:2019-07-25 Published:2019-05-22
  • Contact: WANG Aijun,TANG Xiaoyu E-mail:ajwang@suda.edu.cn;tangyu-2006@163.com

摘要:

基于外源性线索-靶子范式, 采用2(线索-靶子间隔时间, stimulus onset asynchronies, SOA:400~600 ms、1000~1200 ms) × 3(目标刺激类型:视觉、听觉、视听觉) × 2(线索有效性:有效线索、无效线索)的被试内实验设计, 要求被试对目标刺激完成检测任务, 以考察视觉线索诱发的返回抑制(inhibition of return, IOR)对视听觉整合的调节作用, 从而为感知觉敏感度、空间不确定性及感觉通道间信号强度差异假说提供实验证据。结果发现:(1) 随SOA增长, 视觉IOR效应显著降低, 视听觉整合效应显著增强; (2) 短SOA (400~600 ms)时, 有效线索位置上的视听觉整合效应显著小于无效线索位置, 但长SOA (1000~1200 ms)时, 有效与无效线索位置上的视听觉整合效应并无显著差异。结果表明, 在不同SOA条件下, 视觉IOR对视听觉整合的调节作用产生变化, 当前结果支持感觉通道间信号强度差异假说。

关键词: 外源性空间注意, 视听觉整合, 返回抑制, 竞争模型, 线索-靶子范式

Abstract:

Both audiovisual integration and inhibition of return (IOR) can facilitate the processing of sensory information, such as enhancing the perceptual processing. Previous studies found that IOR decreased the audiovisual integration at previously attended locations. Several hypotheses have been put forward to explain the effect of IOR on audiovisual integration: perceptual sensitivity, spatial uncertainty, and differences in unimodal signal strength. In present study, we used cue-target paradigm and manipulated the SOA conditions (400~600 ms vs. 1000~1200 ms) to investigate how audiovisual integration would be modulated by IOR induced by visual exogenous spatial cues.
The current study was a 2 (SOA conditions: 400~600 ms, 1000~1200 ms) × 3 (target modalities: visual, auditory, audiovisual) × 2 (cue validities: cued, uncued) factorial design. Twenty-seven undergraduate students were recruited as paid volunteers from a university. The visual (V) target was a red and white block (1°×1°). The auditory (A) target (duration of 100 ms) was a 1000 Hz sinusoidal tone presented by speakers. The audiovisual (AV) target was composed by the simultaneous presentation of both the visual and the auditory stimuli. At the beginning of each trial, the fixation stimulus was presented for 800~1000 ms in the center of the display. Following the fixation stimulus, a visual white square served as a exogenous cue was presented for 50 ms at the left or right location randomly. Then, the fixation stimulus was randomly presented for 150~250/450~550 ms, which was followed by a central cue with a delay of 50 ms. Before the target (100 ms) occurrence, the fixation stimulus randomly appeared again for 150~250/450~550 ms. Thus, the SOA between the peripheral cue and the target was completed in 400~600/1000~1200 ms. The target (A, V, or AV) randomly appeared (6/7) for 100 ms in the left or right locations, or no stimulus appeared (1/7). During the experiment, participants were instructed to respond to the target stimulus at any possible locations by pressing a response button as quickly and accurately as possible.
The results showed that the responses to AV targets were faster than V or A targets, indicating the appearance of the bimodal advancement effect. A smaller magnitude of audiovisual IOR as compared to visual IOR was found whether it’s in short or long SOA conditions. In addition, visual IOR effect was significantly reduced under the long SOA condition compared with the short SOA condition while the audiovisual integration effect increased by SOA. The results of the relative multisensory response enhancement (rMRE), race model (probability difference) and positive area under the curve (pAUC) showed that audiovisual integration decreased at cued compared to uncued locations under the short SOA condition but not the long SOA condition.
Based on the aforementioned findings, it is assumed that visual IOR decreased the audiovisual integration in the short SOA, and audiovisual integration would be modulated by different SOA conditions. The current result supported the hypothesis of differences in unimodal signal strength.

Key words: exogenous spatial attention, audiovisual integration, inhibition of return, race model, cue-target paradigm

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