ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (6): 723-732.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.00723

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 王爱君1;  刘晓乐1;  唐晓雨2;  张 明1   

  1.  (1苏州大学心理学系, 心理与行为科学研究中心, 苏州 215123) (2辽宁师范大学心理学院, 儿童青少年健康人格评定与培养协同创新中心, 大连 116029)
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-13 发布日期:2020-12-07 出版日期:2017-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 张明, E-mail:; 唐晓雨, E-mail: E-mail:E-mail:; E-mail:
  • 基金资助:
     国家自然科学基金(31371025, 31600882)资助。

 Inhibition of return at different eccentricities in visual field under three-dimensional (3D) world

 WANG Aijun1; LIU Xiaole1; TANG Xiaoyu2; ZHANG Ming1   

  1.  (1 Department of Psychology, Research Center for Psychological and Behavioral Sciences, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China) (2 School of Psychology, Liaoning Coolaborative Innovation Center of Children and Adolescents Health Personality Assessment and Cultivation, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China)
  • Received:2016-09-13 Online:2020-12-07 Published:2017-06-25
  • Contact: ZHANG Ming, E-mail:; TANG Xiaoyu, E-mail: E-mail:E-mail:; E-mail:
  • Supported by:

摘要:  通过虚拟现实构建虚拟三维场景, 将二维平面视觉空间返回抑制范式应用到三维空间, 通过两个实验操纵了目标深度、线索有效性以及视野位置三个变量, 考察注意在三维空间不同视野深度位置上进行定向/重定向产生的返回抑制效应。结果发现, (1)二次线索化位于固定的中央视野时, 不论目标出现在近处空间还是出现在远处空间, 外周视野条件下的返回抑制大于中央视野条件下的返回抑制; (2)二次线索化位于非固定的中央视野时, 近处空间和远处空间的返回抑制存在分离, 表现为当目标出现在远处空间时, 外周视野条件下的返回抑制效应减小。研究表明, 三维空间中外周视野深度位置上的返回抑制与中央视野深度位置上的返回抑制存在差异。

关键词:  三维空间, 视野位置, 深度位置, 返回抑制

Abstract:  It has been well documented that inhibition of return (IOR) is much stronger in the periphery relative to the perifoveal visual field in two-dimensional (2D) space. However, we live in a three-dimensional (3D) space and operate objects that lie at different depth planes. Therefore, it seems to assume that our visual system is able to direct attention to object located at different depths. But now, it remains poorly understood whether IOR is homogeneously distributed throughout the visual field. In the present study, by constructing a virtual 3D environment and presenting the target either closer to or farther from the participants in an adapted version of the Posner spatial-cuing paradigm, we aimed to investigate the IOR at the different eccentricities in 3D space. The experimental design was a two (depth of target: near vs. far) by two (cue validity: cued vs. uncued) by three (stimulus eccentricity: foveal vs. perifoveal vs. periphery) within-participants design, resulting in 12 experimental conditions in total and 48 trials in each of the experimental conditions. The different target distances were simulated by adjusting the binocular disparity. The binocular disparity between the near and far depth planes was ±52.40 min of arc, relative to the fusion plane at which the central location in mid plane was presented (zero disparity). Participants reported that they could clearly perceive both the near and far depth planes when fixating the central location in the mid plane. Results showed that when secondary cued location was located at the central field, regardless of the target appeared at the near or far depth plane, the IOR effect was larger in the periphery filed than in the foveal and perifoveal fileds. When secondary cued location was located at the periphery field, the IOR in near and far depth planes appeared dissociated, specifically, when target appeared at the far depth plane, the IOR effect was reduced in periphery filed. The results indicated that the IOR is heterogeneity in different eccentricities in the visual field under the 3D space.

Key words:  three-dimensional (3D) space, visual field, depth plane, inhibition of return (IOR)