ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (11): 1340-1351.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2020.01340

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

跨界行为对创造力影响的跨层次双刃剑效应

朱金强1, 徐世勇2(), 周金毅3, 张柏楠4, 许昉昉4, 宗博强4   

  1. 1中央民族大学管理学院, 北京 100081
    2中国人民大学劳动人事学院人力资源开发与评价中心, 北京 100872
    3北京科技大学东凌经济管理学院, 北京 100083) (4中国人民大学劳动人事学院, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-02 出版日期:2020-11-25 发布日期:2020-09-22
  • 通讯作者: 徐世勇 E-mail:xusy@ruc.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    * 中央民族大学校级青年教师科研能力提升计划项目(2020QNPY24);北京市优秀人才培养资助青年骨干个人项目(106-2020000101)

The cross-level double-edged-sword effect of boundary-spanning behavior on creativity

ZHU Jinqiang1, XU Shiyong2(), ZHOU Jinyi3, ZHANG Bainan4, XU Fangfang4, ZONG Boqiang4   

  1. 1School of Management, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081, China
    2Center for Human Resource Development and Assessment, School of Labor and Human Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
    3Donlinks School of Economics and Management, University of Science & Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China;
  • Received:2019-12-02 Online:2020-11-25 Published:2020-09-22
  • Contact: XU Shiyong E-mail:xusy@ruc.edu.cn

摘要:

本文从资源的视角,在团队和个体两个层面探究了跨界行为分别对团队创造力和个体创造力的影响以及中介机制和边界条件。采用多阶段-多来源的方式收集数据。研究结果表明在团队层面上,团队跨界行为会提高团队创造力, 但在个体层面上,员工跨界行为通过增加员工的角色压力对个体创造力产生不利影响。角色宽度自我效能感调节了上述关系,相比于角色宽度自我效能感较高的员工,角色宽度自我效能感较低的员工实施了跨界行为后更容易产生角色压力, 对个体创造力的负向影响更强。

关键词: 跨界行为, 创造力, 角色压力, 角色宽度自我效能感

Abstract:

Boundary-spanning behavior has attracted considerable interest in recent years. Studies on this type of behavior have focused on its positive outcomes from the perspective of social networks. For decades, research has consistently demonstrated that the boundary-spanning behavior produces a wide array of positive results for teams and organizations. However, scholars have found that such behavior has negative outcomes for individuals. Using the conservation of resources theory (COR), we examined the double-edged-sword effect of boundary- spanning behavior on creativity at different levels, as well as its mediating mechanism and boundary conditions.
To test the proposed theoretical model, we applied multi-wave and multi-source research design. The data were collected from dyads of employees and supervisors in a company. At time 1, the boundary-spanning behavior, role stress, and role breadth self-efficacy were measured. These variables were rated by the employees. Approximately a month later, we asked the supervisors to rate the employees' creativity. These variables were assessed by mature scales. A total of 536 employees (90.32%) and 111 leaders (82.22%) responded to our survey. Confirmatory factor analyses and average variance extracted were conducted to assess the discriminant validity and convergence validity of the key variables. Multilevel structural equation modeling was used to validate the hypothesis and Monte Carlo simulation procedures using open-source software R were conducted to test mediation effects.
Results showed that at the team level, boundary-spanning behavior had a significantly positive effect on team creativity (β = 0.18, p < 0.05). However, at the individual level, boundary-spanning behavior had a significantly negative effect on employees' creativity (β = -0.02, p < 0.05). At the individual level, boundary- spanning behavior had a significantly positive effect on role stress (β = 0.05, p < 0.01) and role stress had a significantly negative effect on creativity (β = -0.34, p < 0.001). The mediation effect of role stress was significant (β = -0.02, p < 0.05, Monte Carlo = 20000, 95% CI = -0.03, -0.006). This evidence would indicate that the boundary-spanning behavior had a negative effect on individual creativity via role stress. Results also showed that the product term between the boundary-spanning behavior and role-breadth self-efficacy was significant (β = -0.08, p < 0.01). The role-breadth self-efficacy moderated the relationship so that the mediating effect of role stress was stronger for employees with low role-breadth self-efficacy.
The study illustrated the double-edged-sword effect of boundary-spanning behavior on creativity at different levels as well as the mediating mechanism and boundary conditions regarding the negative effect of boundary- spanning behavior on individual creativity, thereby enriching the literature on boundary-spanning behavior. Furthermore, this study identified the boundary conditions of COR, which broadens the scope of research on this theory.

Key words: boundary spanning behavior, creativity, role stress, role-breadth self-efficacy

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