ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (2): 206-218.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.00206

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

MAOA基因T941G多态性与同伴侵害对男青少年早期抑郁的交互作用:COMT基因Val158Met 多态性的调节效应

曹 丛; 王美萍; 曹衍淼; 纪林芹; 张文新   

  1. (山东师范大学心理学院, 济南 250014)
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-28 出版日期:2017-02-25 发布日期:2017-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 张文新, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


The interactive effects of monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) gene and peer victimization on depressive symptoms in early adolescent boys: The moderating role of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene

CAO Cong; WANG Meiping; CAO Yanmiao; JI Linqin; ZHANG Wenxin   

  1. (School of Psychology, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China)
  • Received:2016-04-28 Online:2017-02-25 Published:2017-02-25
  • Contact: ZHANG Wenxin, E-mail:


抑郁具有复杂的多基因遗传基础, 然而既有研究大多采用单基因以及单基因-环境交互设计(G×E)考察抑郁的遗传机制。以757名男青少年为被试(初次测评时Mage = 11.32, SD = 0.49), 采用多基因−环境交互(G×G×E)设计, 本研究考察了MAOA (monoamine oxidase A, 单胺氧化酶A)基因T941G多态性、COMT (catechol-O-methyltransferase, 儿茶酚胺氧位甲基转移酶)基因Val158Met多态性与同伴侵害对青少年早期抑郁的影响。结果显示, MAOA基因T941G多态性与同伴侵害交互作用于青少年抑郁, 同伴侵害仅显著正向预测G等位基因(而非T等位基因)青少年抑郁。而且, MAOA基因T941G多态性与同伴侵害的交互作用受到COMT基因Val158Met多态性的调节, 上述交互作用仅存在于COMT Met等位基因而非Val/Val基因型携带者中。研究结果显示, 抑郁的产生与个体差异存在多基因与环境间的复杂交互机制。

关键词: MAOA基因, COMT基因, 同伴侵害, 抑郁, 多基因−环境交互作用


The monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) gene, as an important candidate gene of depressive symptoms, has been demonstrated to interact with environmental factors, especially stressful life events and family environments, in predicting adolescent depressive symptoms. Peer victimization serves as a significant source of stress particularly during early adolescence and can lead to a series of psychosocial adjustment problems that even persist long after the experience of being harassed. However, it still remains unknown about whether or not the MAOA gene interacts with peer victimization on adolescent depressive symptoms. There is evidence about the significant interaction between the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene and the MAOA gene on depressive symptoms. However, whether or not the COMT gene plays a moderating role on the interactive effects between MAOA gene and environmental factors is still unclear. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine (i) the interaction between the MAOA T94G polymorphism and peer victimization on adolescent depressive symptoms and (ii) the moderating role of the COMT Val158Met polymorphism in the aforementioned associations. The original participants (1440 adolescents, male = 757, 52.6%) was drawn from an ongoing longitudinal study, which recruiting children from 40 classes of 14 primary schools in Jinan, China. Because of the uncertain X-inactivation and resulting MAOA activity among females, this study limited our analyses on the male subsample. Using a 2-year longitudinal design, we first assessed adolescent depressive symptoms and peer victimization by self-rated Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) and Peer Victimization Scale (PVS), respectively, at Time 1 (Mage = 11.32 years, SD = 0.49). At time 2 (Mage = 12.32 years, SD = 0.48), saliva samples of adolescents were collected and genotyped for the MAOA T941 and COMT Val158Met polymorphisms using the MassARRAY Typer software version 3.4 (Sequenom), and adolescent depressive symptoms were tested again using CDI. A series of hierarchical regressions were conducted to analyze the effects of genes and peer victimization on adolescent depressive symptoms. The results showed that, after depressive symptoms at Time 1 was controlled for, the MAOA T941G polymorphism significantly interacted with peer victimization (i.e., physical victimization and relational victimization, respectively) in predicting depressive symptoms at Time 2. Among MAOA G allele carriers, peer victimization positively predicted depressive symptoms; however, among MAOA T allele carriers, peer victimization was not associated with depressive symptoms. More importantly, this interaction between the MAOA gene and peer victimization was moderated by the COMT Val158Met polymorphism, such that the aforementioned interaction only existed among COMT Met allele carriers, but not among Val/Val homozygotes. That is, among all combined genotypes of the MAOA and COMT genes, only G-Met genotype carriers were susceptible to peer victimization. In summary, our results demonstrated that peer victimization also served as an important candidate environmental factor and interacted with the MAOA gene in predicting depressive symptoms during early adolescence. Of particular note, such interactive effect between the MAOA gene and peer victimization was further moderated by the COMT Val158Met polymorphism. These findings highlight the importance of investigating the moderating role of peer victimization in the association between genes and depressive symptoms during early adolescence. More importantly, this study underscores complex polygenic underpinnings of depressive symptoms and lends support for the multi-genes by environment interactions on the etiology of depressive symptoms.

Key words: MAOA gene, COMT gene, peer victimization, depressive symptoms, multi-genes by environment interaction