ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (8): 946-956.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.00946

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

个体攻击性对愤怒表情类别知觉的影响

邱方晖1; 罗跃嘉2,3; 贾世伟1   

  1. (1山东师范大学心理学院, 济南 250358) (2深圳大学情绪与社会认知科学研究所, 深圳 518060) (3北京师范大学认知神经科学与学习国家重点实验室, 北京 100875)
  • 收稿日期:2015-04-25 出版日期:2016-08-25 发布日期:2016-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 贾世伟, E-mail: jiashw@gmail.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金青年项目(NSFC31200784)、认知神经科学与学习国家重点实验室开放课题基金(CNLYB1217)、山东师范大学研究生科研创新基金(SCX1504)、山东省应用基础型名校工程建设经费支持。

The influence of individual aggression on categorical perception of angry expression

QIU Fanghui1; LUO Yuejia2,3; JIA Shiwei1   

  1. (1 School of Psychology, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250358, China) (2 Institute of Affective and Social Neuroscience, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China) (3 National Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)
  • Received:2015-04-25 Online:2016-08-25 Published:2016-08-25
  • Contact: JIA Shiwei1, E-mail: jiashw@gmail.com

摘要:

探讨了个体攻击性对愤怒表情加工中反应偏向和敏感性的影响。使用愤怒、恐惧原型生成表情连续体作为实验材料, 采用类别知觉实验范式考察了高、低攻击个体识别和辨别愤怒—恐惧连续体的类别转折点和斜率。结果发现, 与低攻击个体相比, 高攻击个体识别愤怒—恐惧连续体类别界线处的曲线斜率更大; 高攻击个体具有类别界线向恐惧一端偏移的倾向, 但并没有达到统计显著。这表明, 高攻击个体不存在敌意归因偏向, 而是对愤怒和恐惧表情的转变具有更高的敏感性。

关键词: 表情加工, 攻击性, 类别知觉, 敌意归因偏向, 敏感性

Abstract:

Aggressive individuals show abnormality in recognizing angry expressions. Limited research has specifically examined the nature of the dysfunction in expression categorization in normal individuals with high-level aggression. The current study aimed to examine which hypothesis, the response bias or the perceptual sensitivity, could account for the abnormality in identifying angry faces in normal individuals with high-level aggression. By using the Chinese version of Buss- Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ-CV), 29 high-level aggressive individuals and 25 low-level aggressive individuals were chosen as participants from 846 undergraduates. Using FaceGen Modeller software, the prototype photographs of anger and fear were morphed to create a linear continuum of 11 facial images with 10% increment between each intermediate image. By employing a categorical perception paradigm, participants were told to complete a discrimination task and then an identification task. In the identification task, the shift points, indicating the emotional intensity where the participants' identification was 50%, and the response slopes, indicating how rapidly the changes have happened at the shift points in the anger to fear continuum, were measured. In the discrimination task, participants had to decide whether the second face of the pair was exactly the same as the first one and only accuracy was analyzed. We compared the differences of shift point and response slope on identifying morphed expressions and the accuracy on discriminating anger to fear images between individuals with high- and low-level aggression. In the identification task, the shift point and slope of the anger to fear continuum were analyzed with Independent-Sample T Test, which revealed a significant difference between the two groups on response slope, but not shift point. The slope of individuals with high-level aggression was significantly higher than that of the individuals with low-level aggression. By repeated measure ANOVA, it showed that comparing with low level aggressive individuals, the response time of high-level aggressive individuals was significantly faster when they identified the expression closest to anger prototype. In the discrimination task, we discovered that the peak points of discriminating accuracy in the two groups were differed, though insignificantly, with high-level aggressive individuals displaying a bias for perceptual categories of anger relative to low-level aggressive individuals. Further analysis on sub-dimension of AQ-CV indicated that individuals with high-level physical aggression, verbal aggression or hostility showed significantly more sensitivity to angry expression when compared with corresponding low-level aggressive individuals. In conclusion, the findings of the present study suggest that, compared with individuals with low-level aggression, individuals with high-level aggression (1) are more perceptually sensitive to the change of facial anger and fear, which supports the sensitivity perspective; (2) tend to exhibit a bias to perceive ambiguous expressions as angry, but this tendency was not statistically significant, which did not support the hostility attribution bias perspective.

Key words: expression processing, aggression, categorical perception, hostile attribution bias, sensitivity