ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (2): 153-162.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.00153

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

听障和听力正常人群空间主导性和空间参照框架的交互作用

王爱君1,2;沈路3;迟莹莹2;刘晓乐1;陈骐3;张明1   

  1. (1苏州大学心理学系, 苏州 215123) (2东北师范大学心理学院, 长春 130024)
    (3华南师范大学心理学院, 广州 510631)
  • 收稿日期:2015-02-02 出版日期:2016-02-25 发布日期:2016-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 张明, E-mail: psyzm@suda.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(31371025)和中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(14ZZ1202)资助。

Interaction between spatial domain and spatial reference frame in deaf and hearing populations

WANG Aijun1,2; SHEN Lu3; CHI Yingying2; LIU Xiaole1; CHEN Qi3; ZHANG Ming1   

  1. (1 Department of Psychology, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China) (2 School of Psychology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China) (3 School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China)
  • Received:2015-02-02 Online:2016-02-25 Published:2016-02-25
  • Contact: ZHANG Ming, E-mail: psyzm@suda.edu.cn

摘要:

通过要求被试分别在近处空间和远处空间完成空间参照框架的判断任务, 考察了听障和听力正常人群空间主导性和空间参照框架的交互作用。结果表明:(1)相对于听力正常人群, 听障人群完成自我参照框架判断任务的反应时更长, 而在完成环境参照框架判断任务无显著差异; (2)听障人群和听力正常人群空间主导性和空间参照框架交互作用呈现出相反模式。研究表明, 听障人群在听力功能受损后, 其空间主导性和空间参照框架的交互作用也产生了变化。

关键词: 听力障碍, 听力正常, 自我参照, 环境参照, 远处空间, 近处空间

Abstract:

 

Spatial location of an object can be represented in the human brain based on allocentric and egocentric reference frames. The perception/action hypothesis of the ventral and dorsal visual streams proposed that egocentric representations are readily encoded in the dorsal stream as sensorimotor representations, and allocentric representations are encoded in the ventral stream as perceptual representations. In addition, the dorsal visual stream, which transforms visual information into sensorimotor representations is implicated in near-space processing, and the ventral stream, which transforms visual information into perceptual representations is involved in the conscious perception of objects in far space. It has been well documented that how the spatial domain and spatial reference frame works, separately. However, it remains poorly understood how the spatial domain interacts with spatial reference frame, especially for the deaf populations. In present study, we synchronously operated different spatial domains (near vs. far) and different spatial reference frames (egocentric vs. allocentric) to investigate the potential interactions in deaf and hearing populations.
By asking 17 congenitally deaf participants and 17 hearing participants to perform allocentric and egocentric judgment tasks on the same stimulus set in near and far spaces, respectively, forming a 2 by 2 factorial design in Experiment 1. The stimuli in each trial contained two 3-D objects: a fork on the top of a round orange plate. In near space, stimuli were presented on a screen with the eye-to-screen distance as 50 cm, and in far space, stimuli were presented via a projector on a screen with the eye-to-screen distance as 226 cm. Retinotopic sizes of the objects and visual angles of the egocentric and allocentric distances were both matched for near and far spaces. To test the sense of balance was impaired in the deaf group of the present experiment, we asked both groups to perform a open loop pointing test in Experiment 2.
The main results showed that there were different interaction patterns between deaf and hearing participants. The interaction between spatial domain and spatial reference frame was significant in deaf participants. RTs to targets in allocentric judgment tasks were significantly longer than RTs to targets in egocentric judgment tasks when targets appeared in the far space, t(16) = 2.13, p < 0.05, d = 0.75, and in the near space, t(16) = 3.93, p = 0.001, d = 1.38. The interaction between spatial domain and spatial reference frame was also significant in hearing participants. RTs to targets in allocentric judgment tasks were significantly shorter than RTs to targets in egocentric judgment tasks when targets appeared in the far space, t(16) = 3.64, p < 0.005, d = 0.64. However, there was no significant interaction between spatial domain and spatial reference frame when targets appeared in the near space, t(16) = 1.55, p > 0.05. In addition, the results of Experiment 2 indicated that the difference between deaf and hearing participants was not due to the sense of balance was impaired in the deaf participants.
We concluded that the interaction between spatial domain and spatial reference frame was altered after early deafness, resulting in generating the different interaction patterns between deaf and hearing participants.

Key words: deaf population, hearing population, egocentric reference frame, allocentric reference frame, far space, near space