ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 436-448.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2022.00436

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


陈璟1,2(), 张融2, 袁佳琦2, 佘升翔3()   

  1. 1成都师范学院教育与心理学院, 成都 611130
    2四川师范大学心理学院, 成都 610068
    3贵州财经大学工商管理学院, 贵阳 550004
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-21 出版日期:2022-02-15 发布日期:2021-12-24
  • 通讯作者: 陈璟,佘升翔;;
  • 基金资助:

Antisocial punishment in the game

CHEN Jing1,2(), ZHANG Rong2, YUAN Jiaqi2, SHE Shengxiang3()   

  1. 1School of Education and Psychology, Chengdu Normal University, Chengdu 611130, China
    2School of Psychology, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu 610068, China
    3School of Business Administration, Guizhou University of Finance and Economics, Guiyang 550004, China
  • Received:2021-03-21 Online:2022-02-15 Published:2021-12-24
  • Contact: CHEN Jing,SHE Shengxiang;;


博弈中的反社会惩罚是指博弈者对表现出亲社会行为的高贡献或高合作性他人实施有代价经济惩罚、消极评价或排斥打压的现象。已有研究用带惩罚的经典博弈范式证明了反社会惩罚受到多种个体与环境因素的影响, 并分别从侵犯、报复、社会比较、偏离群体规范、进化策略视角提出了解释其产生机制的5种假说。未来研究可在进一步厘清概念与测量指标、创新研究方法、拓展影响因素研究、明确产生机制、开展针对性干预研究方面做深入探索。

关键词: 博弈, 反社会惩罚, 出色贬损, 惩罚, 合作


“Dirty work” refers to occupational activities that are physically disgusting, that symbolize degradation, that wound the individual’s dignity, or that run counter to the more heroic of our moral conceptions. Firstly, the definition of dirty work is defined from the perspective of objective work characteristics, subjective cognition and contingency, and individual stigma, occupational stigma and organizational stigma are differentiated from the three dimensions of generation, management and dissemination. Secondly, a process model of perceived threat of occupational stigma was constructed based on cognitive evaluation theory, including :(1) antecedents and characteristics of occupational stigma. Antecedents of occupational stigma can be divided into macro factors (laws/regulations/social policies and socio-cultural environment), medium factors (media) and micro factors (public, dirty workers and dirty characteristics of work). The characteristics of occupational stigma are concealability, controllability, centrality and Disruptiveness. (2) Strategies for managing occupational stigma. According to the object and level of change, management strategies can be divided into four categories: individual/behavioral strategy, individual/cognitive strategy, collective/behavioral strategy and collective/cognitive strategy. Individual/behavioral strategies, including personal mobility, information management and confronting or countering outsiders' perceptions of taint and outsiders' behaviours, mainly refer to the strategies used by dirty workers to avoid damage to their own image by keeping a distance from negative occupational groups and distracting the attention of the audience, or to change others' negative evaluation of dirty work by taking active actions. Individual/cognitive strategies, including individualized strategies, acceptance, and emotional labor, mainly refer to the strategies used by dirty workers to reduce the negative impact of occupational stigma by reconstructing their individual cognition. Collective/behavioral strategies, including social competition and realistic competition, mainly refer to the strategies used by dirty workers to improve their professional status and protect their self-esteem from threats associated with occupational stigma through inter-group competition. Collective/cognitive strategies, including occupational ideologies and social weighting, mainly refer to the strategies used by dirty workers to improve their job evaluations by challenging the validity of occupational stigma.; (3) The impact of occupational stigma on dirty workers. The results can be divided into three categories: based on mental health, attitudes and behaviors at work, and relationship outcomes. The effects on mental health are reflected in the stress and negative emotions experienced by dirty workers. The influence on work attitude and behavior is manifested in low job satisfaction, low job meaning perception, high relative deprivation, high dimission behavior, counterproductive work behavior, job burnout and low task performance. The influence on interpersonal relationship is reflected in the perception of social isolation, disrespect and discrimination of dirty workers in interpersonal communication. Potential future research directions are proposed: (1) To explore the sources of occupational stigma from a dynamic perspective; (2) To explore the path and effect of occupational stigma management based on individual and situational factors; (2)To consider diverse cultural backgrounds.

Key words: game, antisocial punishment, do-gooder derogation, punishment, cooperation