ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (12): 2236-2245.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2021.02236

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


曲佳晨, 贡喆()   

  1. 四川师范大学心理学院, 成都 610068
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-05 发布日期:2021-10-26
  • 通讯作者: 贡喆
  • 基金资助:

Are there sex differences in trust levels?

QU Jiachen, GONG Zhe()   

  1. School of Psychology, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu 610068, China
  • Received:2021-03-05 Published:2021-10-26
  • Contact: GONG Zhe


信任水平是否存在性别差异, 学界观点莫衷一是。一派研究者持信任水平性别差异观, 其中风险偏好理论被用于佐证男性信任水平更高的观点, 女性在亲社会领域的优势则为女性具备更高信任水平提供支持; 另有一派研究者以性别相似性假设为依据, 持信任水平无性别差异观。两派观点及其理论基础虽得到一定程度支持, 但还有待从研究范式、东西方文化差异等角度阐明其合理性。未来研究可在合理运用信任测量方法的基础上, 澄清信任动态变化过程中的性别特征, 深化两性信任差异的神经生理机制研究, 从而更好地揭示信任水平的性别差异问题。

关键词: 信任, 性别, 信任博弈


Academics have different opinions regarding the sex difference in trust level. One group of researchers holds the view of sex differences in trust levels, where risk preference theory supports the view that men have a higher level of trust, and the advantages over the women in the prosocial field provide support for women to have a higher level of trust. However, another group of scholars believe that there is no sex difference in trust level, which is based on the gender similarities hypothesis. Although the views of the two groups and their theoretical foundations have been supported to a certain extent; however, they need to be comprehensively analyzed and clarified about their rationality from the perspectives of research paradigms and cultural differences between the East and the West. Future research use trust measurement methods need to be more rationally, then clarify the sex characteristics of trust in the dynamic process of change, and deepen the research on the neurophysiological mechanism of the trust difference between the sexes, thus fundamentally better reveal the issue of sex differences in trust levels.

Key words: trust, sex, trust game