ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (2): 322-328.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00322

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


王劭睿1, 陈红1,2()   

  1. 1西南大学心理学部
    2认知与人格教育部重点实验室, 重庆 400715
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-21 出版日期:2019-02-15 发布日期:2018-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈红
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金项目(31771237);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金创新团队项目(SWU1709106)

Why trying to lose weight brings fat? Psychological mechanisms and influencing factors of overeating among restrained eaters

WANG Shaorui1, CHEN Hong1,2()   

  1. 1 School of Psychology, Southwest University
    2 Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality (Southwest University), Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400715, China;
  • Received:2018-03-21 Online:2019-02-15 Published:2018-12-25
  • Contact: CHEN Hong


限制性饮食作为一种被越来越多的女性所采用的减肥策略, 并不是一个有效的维持和降低体重的方法, 在许多情况下, 限制性饮食者反而比非限制性饮食者更容易发生过度进食, 本文回顾了国内外关于限制性饮食者过度进食的研究, 总结了限制性饮食者过度进食的心理机制以及预加载、情绪唤醒、自我损耗、认知资源分散、人格与社会五大影响因素, 并对现有的不足进行了探讨和对今后的研究提出了展望。

关键词: 限制性饮食, 过度进食, 注意偏向, 抑制控制


As a common strategy used to lose weight in female group, restrained eating becomes increasingly popular nowadays. However, previous studies have proved that it was not an effective method to lose or maintain weight. Although restricting their consumption consciously, in many circumstances, restrained eaters are even easier to overeat compared with unrestrained ones. Many studies have explored the causes of restrained eaters’ overeating and factors influencing it. This article reviewed researches about overeating among restrained eaters at home and abroad and summarized the two psychological mechanisms: attentional bias and inhibitory control deficit. What’s more, this article also generalized five influencing factors of overeating among restrained eaters, including preload, emotional arousal, ego depletion, cognitive resource distraction, personality and social factors. At last, we discussed inadequacies of previous studies and looked forward to the future researching directions.

Key words: restrained eating, overeating, attentional bias, inhibitory control