ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (11): 1887-1895.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01887

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


蒋婧琪, 王浩宇, 钱铭怡()   

  1. 北京大学心理与认知科学学院, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-01 出版日期:2019-10-31 发布日期:2019-09-23
  • 通讯作者: 钱铭怡
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金项目资助(31571127)

Dynamic attention bias in social anxiety

JIANG Jingqi, WANG Haoyu, QIAN Mingyi()   

  1. School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2019-03-01 Online:2019-10-31 Published:2019-09-23
  • Contact: QIAN Mingyi


注意偏向是社交焦虑障碍(Social Anxiety Disorder, SAD)个体症状维持的重要因素, 其中注意警觉、注意回避、注意脱离困难三种注意模式得到了研究者最广泛的研究与讨论。随着研究深入, 有研究者提出SAD个体的注意模式不是单一、静态模式, 更有可能在不同注意模式间切换, 表现为动态的过程。目前, 依据相关研究结果和理论假设, 证据均指向SAD个体的注意偏向具有随着焦虑水平提高和注意控制能力受损而动态变化的倾向, 从注意警觉过渡到注意回避与注意脱离困难均如此。此观点还需研究进一步证实, 并且基于研究结果提出更具有针对性的干预方式。

关键词: 社交焦虑, 注意偏向, 警觉, 回避, 注意脱离困难


Attention bias is an important factor in the maintenance of Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD). Attentional vigilance, attentional avoidance, and difficulty in disengagement are the most widely studied and discussed ones. With the deepening of research, some researchers have suggested that the attention mode of SAD individuals is not a single and static mode, and it is more likely to switch between different attentional modes, which is a dynamic process. Based on relevant research results and theoretical assumptions, it is speculated that the attentional bias of SAD individuals will change dynamically with the increased anxiety level and impaired attention control ability, from attentional vigilance to the attention avoidance and difficulty in disengagement. This view needs further research to confirm and specify more targeted interventions based on the results of the study.

Key words: social anxiety, attention bias, attentional vigilance, attentional avoidance, difficulty in disengagement