ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (11): 1853-1862.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01853

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


魏华1, 周仁来1,2()   

  1. 1 东南大学生物科学与医学工程学院, 学习科学中心, 儿童发展与学习科学教育部重点实验室, 南京 210096
    2 南京大学心理系, 南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-14 出版日期:2019-10-31 发布日期:2019-09-23
  • 通讯作者: 周仁来
  • 基金资助:
    * 江苏高校哲学社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(2015JDXM001);南京大学双创示范基地重点项目(SCJD0406);东南大学基本科研业务费资助项目(CDLS-2018-05)资助

The current status and controversy of inhibitory control deficits in anxiety: A perspective from attentional control theory

WEI Hua1, ZHOU Renlai1,2()   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Child Development and Learning Science of Ministry of Education, Research Center for Learning Science, School of Biological Sciences & Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China;
    2 Department of Psychology, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2018-12-14 Online:2019-10-31 Published:2019-09-23
  • Contact: ZHOU Renlai


根据注意控制理论的观点, 焦虑会削弱个体的抑制控制功能。虽然这一假设得到了大量行为学和神经生理证据的支撑, 但在高焦虑个体是增加还是减少自上而下注意控制资源来完成抑制控制任务这一核心问题上却存在较大争议。多种因素的存在造成了这一局面。理论解释本身存在明显的不足; 实证研究中多种额外变量的存在导致已有研究结果的信效度较低。未来可以通过探索焦虑水平、注意控制水平和抑制控制之间的关系来解决这一争议。

关键词: 焦虑, 抑制控制缺陷, 注意控制理论, 注意控制


According to attentional control theory, anxiety could impair the inhibitory control. Although this hypothesis has been supported by numerous behavioral and neurophysiological evidences, there is considerable controversy on whether the high anxiety individual increases or decreases the top-down attentional resources in order to accomplish the inhibitory control task. This problem may be caused by a variety of factors. The theoretical interpretation itself has obvious deficiencies. Moreover, multiple extraneous variables results in lower reliability and validity of the empirical research results. To resolve this controversy, future research should try to explore the relationship between anxiety level, attentional control level and inhibitory control.

Key words: anxiety, inhibitory control deficit, attentional control theory, attentional control