ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 824-832.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00824

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


金国敏, 刘啸莳, 李丹()   

  1. 上海师范大学心理学系, 上海 200234
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-04 出版日期:2020-04-26 发布日期:2020-03-27
  • 通讯作者: 李丹
  • 基金资助:
    * 上海市教委科研创新计划重大项目((2019-01-07-00-02- E00005))

Self-compassion: Its mechanisms and related interventions

JIN Guomin, LIU Xiaoshi, LI Dan()   

  1. Department of Psychology, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
  • Received:2019-06-04 Online:2020-04-26 Published:2020-03-27
  • Contact: LI Dan


自悯是指个体在面对失败、不足或遭受苦难时, 自己向自己表达同情或怜悯的能力。自悯对个体的身心健康具有显著的促进作用。从作用机制来看, 自悯不仅可以通过减少个体适应不良的情绪调节策略, 促进适应性的情绪调节策略来对个体产生积极影响; 还可能通过调节个体压力反应的生理指标来维持自身内稳态, 促进适应。自悯相关干预技术主要包括正念自悯训练、怜悯聚焦疗法等。未来研究应继续探讨自悯的作用机制, 采用多样化的自悯测量方式和研究方法, 通过更为严谨的研究设计并在中国文化背景下对自悯干预的临床效果进行评估。

关键词: 自悯, 正念, 情绪调节, 正念自悯训练, 怜悯聚焦疗法


Self‐compassion refers to the ability to express sympathy or compassion to oneself when faced with failures, inadequacies or suffering. Self-compassion has been found to have a profound impact on individuals' physical and psychological health. In view of its mechanisms, self-compassion can exert positive impacts on individuals by reducing one’s maladaptive emotion regulation strategies and promoting adaptive emotion regulation strategies. Additionally, self-compassion can also maintain ones’ homeostasis by regulating the biological markers of the stress response, which in turn, facilitates their adjustment. The major interventions related to self-compassion include Mindful Self-Compassion (MSC) program and Compassion-Focused Therapy (CFT). More studies are needed to further explore the mechanism of self-compassion, expand its investigation by using various measurement and research methods, and use more rigorous interventional designs to evaluate the effects of self-compassion interventions under the Chinese cultural background.

Key words: self-compassion, mindfulness, emotion regulation, mindful self-compassion, compassion-focused therapy