ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (12): 2192-2202.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.02192

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    


 兰公瑞1; 李厚仪2; 盖笑松3   

  1.  (1青岛大学师范学院, 青岛 266071) (2长春金融高等专科学校, 长春 130028) (3东北师范大学心理学院, 长春 130024)
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-19 出版日期:2017-12-15 发布日期:2017-10-26
  • 通讯作者: 兰公瑞, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

 Purpose in life: A psychological construct that indicates positive development

 LAN Gongrui1; LI Houyi2; GAI Xiaosong3   

  1.  (1 Normal College of Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China) (2 Changchun Finance College, Changchun 130028, China)) (3 School of Psychology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China)
  • Received:2017-04-19 Online:2017-12-15 Published:2017-10-26
  • Contact: LAN Gongrui, E-mail:
  • Supported by:

摘要:  人生目的是一种个体想要完成的, 首先是对自我有意义, 进而是对超越个人之外的世界有影响的稳定的具有概括性的意图。它有着与意义、目标不同的内涵。人生目的是能够预示健康、成功和幸福等积极发展结果的更高层级的心理结构。它能给个体带来更多良好的心理状态; 对消极状态和消极发展结果具有抵御作用; 能促进个体的积极发展; 有利于个体取得更高的成就。人生目的的发展具有阶段性。个体早期参与的一些潜在的目的性的活动、社会支持以及社会文化会影响人生目的的形成和发展。未来研究需要更深入探讨人生目的的测量、发展规律、功能、作用机制及培养, 并基于特定的文化情境进行文化研究和跨文化研究。

关键词: 人生目的, 意义, 目标, 青少年, 积极发展, 超越自我

Abstract:  Purpose is a stable and generalized intention to accomplish something that is at once meaningful to the self and of consequence to the world beyond the self. It has distinct connotation from meaning and goals. Purpose in life represents a higher-level psychological construct that offers insight into how and why certain people are healthy, successful and happy in the long-term. Having a purpose in life results in benefits in several aspects: it can promote individuals’ well-being, fend off negative experiences and behaviors, promote individual’ positive development, and facilitate higher level of achievement. Purpose in life originates from the opportunity to engage in potentially purposeful activities. Social support and culture could influence the development process of purpose in life. We concluded with an agenda for future research on the measurement, law of development, function, nomological network, ways of training, cultural and cross-cultural investigation of purpose in life.

Key words: purpose in life, meaning, goals, adolescence, positive development, beyond-the-self