ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (6): 987-993.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00987

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


杨权1, 尹述飞1,2(), 胡兴1   

  1. 1湖北大学教育学院心理学系, 武汉 430062
    2应用实验心理北京市重点实验室, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-25 出版日期:2020-06-15 发布日期:2020-04-22
  • 通讯作者: 尹述飞
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金项目(31600904);湖北省教育厅人文社会科学研究青年基金(18Q017)

Age differences in intertemporal choice and the mechanism underlying them

YANG Quan1, YIN Shufei1,2(), HU Xing1   

  1. 1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China
    2 Beijing Key Lab of Applied Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2019-04-25 Online:2020-06-15 Published:2020-04-22
  • Contact: YIN Shufei


随着老龄化形势日益严峻, 老年人的跨期选择受到越来越多学者的关注。目前关于跨期选择的年老化研究尚存分歧:有研究发现老年人比年轻人更偏好未来获得更大收益; 也有研究发现老年人的选择偏好和年轻人一样, 甚至比年轻人更偏好近期收益。从时间表征和结果价值表征两个维度上的加工过程去分析其对老年人跨期选择的影响, 并进一步阐述认知、动机和情绪因素对两个维度加工过程的影响, 这对于理解当前老年人跨期选择领域研究的分歧有重要科学意义。

关键词: 跨期选择, 年龄差异, 生活目标, 价值表征, 时间表征


As the situation of population aging becomes increasingly severe, the intertemporal choice of older adults has attracted increasing attention. However, previous studies on age-related intertemporal choice have reached inconsistent conclusions. Some studies have found that older adults are more willing to wait for future gains than the young, while others suggest that older adults have the same choice preference as the young or are even more eager for short-term gains. This review attempts to explore the effects of age differences on intertemporal choice from the perspective of the processing of time representation and value representation of the elderly. It further elaborates on the impact of cognitive, motivational and emotional factors on this processing so as to clarify the discrepancies in current studies of age-related changes in intertemporal choice.

Key words: intertemporal choice, age differences, life goal, temporal representation, value representation