ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (6): 1058-1068.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.01058

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


 殷 融1;  张菲菲1;  王元元1;  许志红2   

  1.  (1潍坊学院教师教育学院, 山东 潍坊 261061) (2浙江传媒学院, 杭州 310018)
  • 收稿日期:2016-08-09 出版日期:2017-06-15
  • 通讯作者: 殷融, E-mail: E-mail: E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

 Collective guilt: Definition, psychological mechanisms, action tendency and interventions

 YIN Rong1; ZHANG Fei-Fei1; WANG Yuan-Yuan1; XU Zhi-Hong2   

  1.  (1 School of Teacher Education, Weifang University, Weifang 261061, China) (2 Zhejiang University Of Media and Communications, Hangzhou 310018, China)
  • Received:2016-08-09 Online:2017-06-15
  • Contact: YIN Rong, E-mail: E-mail: E-mail:
  • Supported by:

摘要:  当个体认为内群体为外群体受到的不道德伤害负有责任时会体验到群体内疚。该情绪常见的触发情境包括过往历史的伤害事件、当下的群际冲突、不公正的社会关系及未来的伤害事件。群体认同、内群体责任和不当性评估是影响群体内疚产生的三大心理机制。群体内疚会导致施害群体对受害群体表现出积极行动, 如友善态度, 冲突和解、群体补偿及群际支持。通过群体肯定、自我肯定、促进共同认同、强调内群体责任及展现已有补偿行为等干预策略可以引发施害群体的群体内疚。未来的研究应澄清群体内疚的成因机制, 进一步探索群体内疚与补偿行为间的作用关系。

关键词:  群体内疚, 群体认同, 群体肯定, 群体情绪

Abstract:  When an important ingroup is considered responsible for immorality harm toward outgroup, individuals can experience collective guilt. This kind of emotion can result from past harmful events, current intergroup conflicts, unfair social relations and future harmful events. Group identity, ingroup responsibility and behavior illegitimacy are three key antecedents of collective guilt. Collective guilt could cause members of perpetrator group to perform positive behaviors toward the victimized group, such as friendly attitudes, reconciliations, compensations and intergroup supports. Methods for inducing collective guilt include group affirmation, self affirmation, promoting common identity, highlighting ingroup responsibility, showing existing compensation actions and so on. Future research should clarify genetic mechanism of collective guilt and further explore the complex relationship between collective guilt and reparation.

Key words:  collective guilt, group identity, group affirmation, group-based emotions