ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (1): 156-168.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00156

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


殷 融; 张菲菲; 王元元; 魏晨明   

  1. (潍坊学院教师教育学院, 山东 潍坊 261061)
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-12 出版日期:2017-01-15 发布日期:2017-01-15
  • 通讯作者: 殷融, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


YIN Rong; ZHANG Feifei; WANG Yuanyuan; WEI Chenming

YIN Rong; ZHANG Feifei; WANG Yuanyuan; WEI Chenming   

  1. (School of Teacher Education, Weifang University, Weifang 261061, China)
  • Received:2016-04-12 Online:2017-01-15 Published:2017-01-15
  • Contact: YIN Rong, E-mail:


群体效能指的是个体对自己所属群体一起努力实现特定目标的信念, 该变量会受到群体认同、内群体互动、道德信念等因素的影响。群体效能对于群体成员参与集体行动的意愿具有重要的动员作用, 且这种作用会依情境及行动策略的不同而变化。在集体行动背景下, 群体效能可以分化出暴力集体行动效能、认同强化效能、参与效能及旁观者效能等延伸概念, 这些变量在集体行动中也具有特定的作用机制。今后的研究应探讨群体效能在集体行动动态发展中所发挥的影响, 将对立群体也纳入研究框架, 并澄清组织结构因素与群体效能间的关系。

关键词: 集体行动, 群体效能, 群体情绪, 群体认同, 违规集体行动


Group efficacy refers to individuals’ beliefs that the ingroup is able to achieve group goals through joint effort, which is influenced by factors of group identity, ingroup interaction and moral conviction. The important role of group efficacy in stimulating group members to participate in collective action varies with situation and struggle strategy. All extension variables of group efficacy such as efficacy of nonviolent collective action, identity consolidation efficacy, participative efficacy and bystander efficacy have specific mobilization mechanisms in collective action. Further researches should investigate the role of group efficacy in the development of collective action, incorporate authorities into the study framework and explore the relationship between organizational structure on group efficacy.

Key words: collective action, group efficacy, group-based emotions, group identity, normative collective action