ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (8): 1237-1245.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01237

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


杨玲; 曹华;耿银凤;徐景;张燕;苏波波   

  1. (西北师范大学 心理学院, 兰州 730070)
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-01 出版日期:2016-08-15 发布日期:2016-08-15
  • 通讯作者: 杨玲:E-mail:yang
  • 基金资助:


The adolescent substance addiction based on the gateway theory

YANG Ling; CAO Hua; GENG YinFeng; XU Jing ; ZHANG Yan; SU BoBo   

  1. (School of Psychology, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China)
  • Received:2015-12-01 Online:2016-08-15 Published:2016-08-15
  • Contact: YANG Ling:E-mail:yang


青少年物质成瘾行为受到普遍的关注, 成瘾物质滥用的机制一直是学者们探讨和研究的焦点。门户理论提出青少年发展成严重药物滥用者的过程存在顺序和阶段特征, 合法物质的使用会增加发展为非法药物使用的风险, 这种顺序效应得到了实证研究的支持。本研究在综述以往研究的基础上发现, 基于门户理论视角下青少年药物使用存在顺序效应, 但以往研究仍然存在一些不足, 例如药物使用顺序的不固定, 解释范围有限, 内在机制不清楚以及各种影响因素缺乏整合等。未来可以扩展研究对象和范围, 以深入研究顺序效应的内在机制。

关键词: 门户理论, 青少年, 药物成瘾


There is considerably concern regarding adolescent addiction behavior and numerous research have investigated the mechanism underlying substance abuse. The “Gateway theory” proposes that the development of addiction in adolescents can be defined as model of sequential stages of involvement in drugs which begin with legal drugs and proceeds to other illicit drugs. The concept of progression in drug use has been supported by empirical research. On the basis of previous research, this review found that although evidence support the developmental processes of drug use suggested by the Gateway theory, there are some uncertainties, for example, unstable sequences of progression across classes of drugs, the limitation of explanation scope, lack of integration between underlying mechanism and various influencing factors. Future research need to investigate the internal mechanism of the sequence effect with a wide range of sample and classes of drugs.

Key words: The Gateway theory, adolescent, substance addiction