ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (4): 517-524.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00517

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (河南大学认知与行为研究所、弱势人群身心健康国际合作基地, 开封 475001)
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-08 出版日期:2016-04-15 发布日期:2016-04-15
  • 通讯作者: 赵俊峰, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


Role of social support in buffering effects of stress #br# on neural and endocrine systems

XING Xiao-Li; ZHAO Jun-Feng; ZHAO Guo-Xiang   

  1. (Institute of Cognition and Behavior; International Research Center for
    Physical and Psychological Health of Vulnerable Population, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China)
  • Received:2015-06-08 Online:2016-04-15 Published:2016-04-15
  • Contact: ZHAO Jun-Feng, E-mail:


应激是生活中不可避免的事件, 过度应激也是许多疾病发生的诱因。应激会引起一系列生理反应, 包括激活自主神经系统及神经内分泌系统, 表现为自主神经系统(ANS)和下丘脑–垂体–肾上腺(HPA)活动的增加。社会支持通过改变或抑制应激相关脑区的活动, 缓冲了应激引起的ANS和HPA轴活动, 使机体快速恢复到应激前水平, 避免应激引起的内稳定失衡对机体的伤害。

关键词: 社会支持, 应激, 自主神经系统, 下丘脑–垂体–肾上腺轴, 中枢神经系统


Stress is an unavoidable event in our daily life, and exposure to stress chronically is considered a principal cause for psychosomatic disorders. Stressor could trigger a series of physiological responses, including over-activation of automatic nervous system (ANS)and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Social support might relieve the effect of stress on ANS and HPA axis by buffering or attenuating the activity of stress-related neural regions and therefore reinstate homeostasis rapidly, which prevents the organism from stress-related damage.

Key words: social support, stress, autonomic nervous system, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, central nervous system