ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (9): 1435-1445.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.01435

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (西南大学心理学部, 重庆 400715)
  • 收稿日期:2013-12-19 出版日期:2014-09-15 发布日期:2014-09-15
  • 通讯作者: 曹贵康,Email:
  • 基金资助:

    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(SWU1109062) “创造过程中准备期的心理机制研究”资助。

Mind Wandering: Theoretical Hypotheses, Influential Factors and Neural Mechanisms

CHENG Kai; CAO Guikang   

  1. (Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
  • Received:2013-12-19 Online:2014-09-15 Published:2014-09-15
  • Contact: CAO Guikang,Email:


围绕“为什么会走神”这一问题, 文章首先介绍了走神的两个理论假设:解耦合假设和执行控制失败假设。接着论述了影响走神的各种因素, 并探讨了走神的神经机制。最后指出未来研究应着眼于走神的潜在功能来发展理论假设; 整合影响走神的各种因素到一个模型中, 从而更好地发现各因素对走神的综合影响; 应用同步脑电和功能磁共振成像技术以更精确地探索走神的神经机制。此外, 对特殊群体的走神研究以及走神的跨文化研究也是很有必要的。

关键词: 走神, 解耦合假设, 执行控制失败假设, 事件相关电位, 功能磁共振成像


Focusing on the question of why our minds wander, this paper first introduces two theoretical hypotheses of mind wandering: the decoupling hypothesis and the executive-control failure hypothesis. Afterwards we discuss the factors that may influence mind wandering and the neural mechanisms of mind wandering. Lastly, we propose something we should do in future studies: focus on the potential functions of mind wandering to develop theoretical hypotheses; integrate factors that may influence mind wandering into a model that can help us to better understand the comprehensive impacts of these factors; use a simultaneous EEG-fMRI technique to more accurately explore the neural mechanisms of mind wandering. In addition, research into specific groups’ mind wandering and cross-cultural research of mind wandering are also needed.

Key words: mind wandering, decoupling hypothesis, executive-control failure hypothesis, ERP, fMRI