ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (5): 782-790.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00782

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (辽宁师范大学心理学院, 大连 116029)
  • 收稿日期:2013-03-02 出版日期:2014-05-15 发布日期:2014-05-15
  • 通讯作者: 常若松
  • 基金资助:


The Effect of Music on Driving Vigilance and Its Theories

MA Jinfei;CHANG Ruosong;CHEN Xiaochen;SUN Long   

  1. (School of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China)
  • Received:2013-03-02 Online:2014-05-15 Published:2014-05-15
  • Contact: CHANG Ruosong


驾车时听音乐非常普遍。唤醒理论认为, 音乐可以使驾驶员处于最佳唤醒水平, 有利于驾驶警觉的维持。但是, 根据中枢容量有限理论, 音乐也会使驾驶员分心, 危害道路安全。动态模型在已有研究的基础上提出, 音乐对驾驶警觉起到唤醒抑或分心影响, 取决于音乐复杂性、驾驶情境要求及驾驶员个体差异等诸多因素的动态调节。最新的补偿控制理论则强调, 驾驶员自我调控是恢复动态平衡的关键。而未来的研究应关注驾驶员心理负荷的测量、智能车载音乐系统的开发以及驾驶员培训等领域。

关键词: 音乐, 驾驶警觉, 唤醒, 分心, 动态模型


Music listening while driving is a popular activity. The arousal theory predicts that music can lead to a more optimal arousal level which could benefit driving vigilance. However, following the central capacity theory, music can also distract the driver and pose danger on the road. Dynamic model, which integrated the existing researches, pointed out that music had an arousal or distractive influence on driving vigilance depending on the complexity of music, the demands of driving situation and the difference between drivers. Later, the compensatory theory highlighted that drivers’ self-regulations were the key to restoring the dynamic equilibrium. In the future, researchers need to focus on the studies in the fields of how to measure drivers’ mental workload, how to develop smart car music system as well as how to design some training programs for drivers.

Key words: music, driving vigilance, arousal, distraction, dynamic model